Industry Transit
Predecessor(s) Motor Coach Industries (transit)
Transportation Manufacturing Corporation
Founded 1993
Headquarters Saint-Eustache, Quebec, Canada
Key people Gilles Dion-President and CEO of Nova Bus
Products Public Transit buses
Parent Volvo Group
Website Official site

Nova Bus is a Canadian bus manufacturer in North America, owned by Volvo Buses, and headquartered in Saint-Eustache, Quebec, Canada.


The factory was originally a General Motors plant for building city transit buses intended for the Canadian market. In 1987 GM divested itself of its bus-building holdings by selling them to Motor Coach Industries (MCI), which had been formed from companies formerly owned by Greyhound Lines. The plant was used to produce the Classic model for sales in Canada, while GMC's Rapid Transit Series (RTS) product was moved to join MCI's own designs at Transportation Manufacturing Corporation in Roswell, New Mexico. MCI decided to divest its urban rapid transit models in 1993, and Nova Bus was created to take continue producing the Classic and RTS models at the Saint-Eustache and Roswell plants respectively.

The Classic and RTS were later discontinued in order to concentrate on the Nova LFS, a low floor city bus, which was introduced in 1995. The last Classic model was produced in 1997. Sales of Nova LFS proved uncompetitive and Nova Bus closed their Roswell and Niskayuna, New York plants in 2002 to concentrate all efforts on the Canadian market. The Roswell plant was later acquired by a local consortium, Millennium Transit Services, that almost went bankrupt in 2008, then emerged from it in 2011. The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), with 483 LFS units in its active bus fleet, remains one of the larger operators of Nova Buses.

On February 2, 2008, Nova Bus announced plans for the construction of a new assembly plant in Plattsburgh, New York, signifying the company's return to the U.S. bus market. The plant opened for business on June 15, 2009.[1] Its first US order under American production came from the New York City Transit Authority for 90 LFS Articulated buses (counting LFS rigids operated by the same agency, the NYCTA now counts nearly 500 LFS buses in its active fleet). In March 2010, Nova Bus received the first US-built order for its redesigned LFS from Honolulu, Hawaii's TheBus. The 24 buses arrived in December 2010 with plans to order more in the future.[2] In March 2012 the Walt Disney Company announced that it plans to test a Nova articulated bus on certain high traffic routes at the Walt Disney World Resort.



Main article: Nova Bus LF Series

The current Nova Bus model is the Low Floor Series (LFS), offered in three versions: LFS (rigid), LFS Artic (articulated), and LFX (articulated for BRT applications). The rigid LFS entered mass production in 1995, and the LFS Artic and LFX models were introduced in 2009. The standard LFS is also available in a single-door commuter configuration. Both the rigid and articulated versions of the LFS/LFX are available with a hybrid drivetrain that uses an Allison EP40 parallel hybrid system. These options were first delivered in 2007 to STO in Gatineau, Quebec (40-foot model) and in 2011 to CT Transit (articulated). In October 2011, the rear window became an option.

The original powertrain layout mounted on the left at the rear was changed to a center-mounted powertrain, with ventilation through the roof on all LFS models starting in 2009. However, some demonstrators and test buses were built in 2008 with this update. In 2013 a new fourth generation rear layout was introduced and became standard mid 2013. Some early 2013 models were delivered with the third generation rear.


Model Length Width Photo Years Produced Notes
Rapid Transit Series (RTS) 9.14 m (30 ft)

10.67 m (35 ft)
12.19 m (40 ft)

2.44 m (96 in)

2.59 m (102 in)

12.19 m (40 ft) 2.59 m (102 in) 1995–1997
TC60102N 18.29 m (60 ft) 2.59 m (102 in) 1993
  • Based on the 1982 GMDD model TA60-102N, but with a full Classic body

See Also

Buses portal
Companies portal
  • List of buses


External links

  • Official site

Template:Automotive industry in Canada

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