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Provinces of Iran

Iranian Provinces
استان‌های ایران (Persian)
Also known as:
Province
استان
Category Unitary state
Location Islamic Republic of Iran
Number 34 Provinces
Populations 557,599 (Ilam Province) – 12,183,391 (Tehran)
Areas 2,252 square miles (5,830 km2) (Alborz) – 70,188 square miles (181,790 km2) (Sistan and Baluchestan)
Government Provincal Government, National Government
Subdivisions Counties
Provinces of Iran by population in 2014.
Provinces of Iran by population density in 2013.
Provinces of Iran by area (km2).
Provinces of Iran by contribution to national GDP in 2014.
Provinces of Iran by GDP per capita in 2012.

Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian: استان‎‎ Ostān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General[1] (Persian: Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Contents

  • Modern history 1
  • Information 2
  • Current provinces 3
  • See also 4
  • References and notes 5
  • External links 6

Modern history

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica,[2] in 1911 there were thirty-five administrative divisions in Persia, as follows:

Provinces
  1. Khuzestan and Bakhtiari
  2. Astarabad and Gurgan
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Fars
  5. Gerrus
  6. Gilan and Talish
  7. Hamada[n]
  8. Irak, Gulpaigan, Khunsar, [Kezzaz, Ferakan, and Tusirkhan]
  9. Isfahan
  10. Kashan
  11. Kazvin
  12. Kerman and Baluchistan
  13. Kermanshah
  14. Kamseh
  15. Khar
  16. Khorasan
  17. Kum
  18. Kurdistan
  19. Luristan and Burujird
  20. Mazandaran
  21. Nehavend, Malayir and Kamereh
  22. Savah
  23. Samnan and Damghan
  24. Shahrud and Bostam
  25. Teheran
  26. Zerend and Bagdadi Shahsevens
Dependencies
  1. Asadabad
  2. Demavend
  3. Firuzkuh
  4. Josehekan
  5. Kangaver
  6. Natanz
  7. []
  8. Tarom Ulia
  9. Kharakan

Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[3]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[3]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was split into three new provinces[4] as well as splitting of the new Alborz Province from Teheran province in 2010.

Information

Iran population broken down by province
Iran's GDP contribution broken down by province

Current provinces

Province Capital Area[5] Population[6] Density
(population/km²)
Shahrestans (counties) Notes Map
Alborz Karaj 5,833 km2 (2,252 sq mi) 2,412,513 413.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,071/sq mi) 4 Until 23 June 2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province.
Ardabil Ardabil 17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi) 1,248,488 70.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (182/sq mi) 9 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[7]
Azerbaijan, East Tabriz 45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi) 3,724,620 82.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (213/sq mi) 19
Azerbaijan, West Urmia 37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi) 3,080,576 78.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (204/sq mi) 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[8]
Bushehr Bushehr 22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi) 1,032,949 45.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (118/sq mi) 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[3]
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi) 895,263 54.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (142/sq mi) 6 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[9]
Fars Shiraz 122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi) 4,596,658 37.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (97/sq mi) 23
Gilan Rasht 14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi) 2,480,874 176.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (458/sq mi) 16
Golestan Gorgan 20,195 km2 (7,797 sq mi) 1,777,014 88.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (228/sq mi) 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. [3]
Hamadan Hamadan 19,368 km2 (7,478 sq mi) 1,758,268 90.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (235/sq mi) 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[3]
Hormozgān Bandar Abbas 70,669 km2 (27,285 sq mi) 1,578,183 22.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (58/sq mi) 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[3] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[3]
Ilam Ilam 20,133 km2 (7,773 sq mi) 557,599 27.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (72/sq mi) 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[3]
Isfahan Isfahan 107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi) 4,879,312 45.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (118/sq mi) 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3]
Kerman Kerman 180,836 km2 (69,821 sq mi) 2,938,988 16.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (42/sq mi) 14
Kermanshah Kermanshah 24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi) 1,945,227 77.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (202/sq mi) 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[3]
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 28,434 km2 (10,978 sq mi) 867,727 30.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (79/sq mi) 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4]
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 144,681 km2 (55,862 sq mi) 5,994,402 41.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (107/sq mi) 29 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4]
Khorasan, South Birjand 69,555 km2 (26,855 sq mi) 662,534 9.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (25/sq mi) 8 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4]
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi) 4,345,607 67.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (176/sq mi) 18
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 15,504 km2 (5,986 sq mi) 658,629 42.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi) 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[3]
Kurdistan Sanandaj 29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,493,645 51.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (133/sq mi) 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[3]
Lorestan Khorramabad 28,294 km2 (10,924 sq mi) 1,754,243 62.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (161/sq mi) 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[3]
Markazi Arak 29,130 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,413,959 48.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (126/sq mi) 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[3] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3]
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 km2 (9,151 sq mi) 3,073,943 129.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (336/sq mi) 15
Qazvin Qazvin 15,549 km2 (6,004 sq mi) 1,201,565 77.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (200/sq mi) 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[3]
Qom Qom 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi) 1,151,672 99.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (259/sq mi) 1 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[3]
Semnan Semnan 97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi) 631,218 6.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (17/sq mi) 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[3] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3]
Sistan and Baluchestan Zahedan 181,785 km2 (70,188 sq mi) 2,534,327 13.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (36/sq mi) 8 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[3]
Tehran Tehran 18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi) 12,183,391 647.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,677/sq mi) 13 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province.
Yazd Yazd 129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi) 1,074,428 8.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (21/sq mi) 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[9] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[3]
Zanjan Zanjan 21,773 km2 (8,407 sq mi) 1,015,734 46.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (121/sq mi) 7 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[3]
Iran (Total) Tehran 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi) 75,149,669 46.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (119/sq mi) 342

See also

References and notes

  1. ^
  2. ^ Persia entry in Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v
  4. ^ a b c d
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b

External links

  • Statistical Centre, Government of Iran
  • Iranian Provinces Investment - Trade Promotion Organization of Iran, affiliated to the Ministry of Commerce (Iran)
  • Provinces of Iran at statoids.com
Official provincial websites
  • Ardabil
  • East Azarbaijan
  • West Azarbaijan
  • Bushehr
  • Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari
  • Fars
  • Gilan
  • Golestan
  • Hamadan
  • Hormozgan
  • Ilam
  • Isfahan
  • Kerman
  • Kermanshah
  • North Khorasan
  • Razavi Khorasan
  • South Khorasan
  • Khuzestan
  • Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad
  • Kurdistan
  • Lorestan
  • Markazi
  • Mazandaran
  • Qazvin
  • Qom
  • Semnan
  • Sistan and Baluchestan
  • Tehran
  • Yazd
  • Zanjan
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