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Title: Rastenburg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Albert Speer, J. R. R. Tolkien, Masuria, Helmut Schmidt, Erich Raeder, Boris III of Bulgaria, Claus von Stauffenberg, 20 July plot, East Prussia, Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Teutonic castle of Schloss Rastenburg

Coat of arms

Coordinates: 54°5′N 21°23′E / 54.083°N 21.383°E / 54.083; 21.383

Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Kętrzyn County
Gmina Kętrzyn (urban gmina)
Established 1329
Town rights 1357
 • Mayor Krzysztof Hećman
 • Total 10.34 km2 (3.99 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 28,000
 • Density 2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11-400
Area code(s) +48 89
Car plates NKE

Kętrzyn Wojciech Kętrzyński in 1950.


The original inhabitants of the region were the Balt tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by Tacitus in his Germania (AD 98). The town, known in German as Rastenburg and in Polish as Rastembork, was established in 1329 in the Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights and was granted town rights in 1357 by Henning Schindekop.

Rastenburg and the surrounding district was the scene of the First World War's first and second battles of the Masurian Lakes. During the Second World War Adolf Hitler's wartime military headquarters, the Wolfsschanze (Wolf's Lair), was located in the forest east of Rastenburg. The bunker was the setting for the failed 20 July plot against Hitler. In 1945 the area suffered devastation from both the retreating Germans and advancing Russians during the Vistula-Oder campaign. Some ruins of the Wolfsschanze remain. The town itself served as a Wehrmacht garrison town until it was occupied by the Red Army in 1945.

After the war, it was taken over by Poland, as provided for by the Potsdam Conference. Its surviving German residents who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward and replaced with Poles. The town was renamed Rastembork in 1945, and in 1950 to Kętrzyn after the Kashubian historian and activist Wojciech Kętrzyński.[1]



International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kętrzyn is twinned with:


External links

  • Provinz Ostpreußen
  • Municipal webpage
  • Kętrzyn

Coordinates: 54°05′N 21°23′E / 54.083°N 21.383°E / 54.083; 21.383

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