World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Royal yacht

Article Id: WHEBN0000769410
Reproduction Date:

Title: Royal yacht  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: HMY Bezan, SS Vyner Brooke, MS Jutlandia, HTMS Chakri Naruebet, Did you know nominations/Italian cruiser Carlo Alberto
Collection: Royal and Presidential Yachts
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Royal yacht

A royal yacht is a ship used by a monarch or a royal family. If the monarch is an emperor the proper term is imperial yacht. Most of them are financed by the government of the country of which the monarch is head. The royal yacht is most often manned by personnel from the navy and used by the monarch and his/her family on both private and official travels.

Contents

  • Types of vessels used 1
  • History 2
  • Yachts by country 3
    • Denmark 3.1
    • Dubai 3.2
    • Egypt 3.3
    • Germany 3.4
    • Kingdom of Hawaii 3.5
    • Italy 3.6
    • Netherlands 3.7
    • Norway 3.8
    • Oman 3.9
    • Ottoman Empire 3.10
    • Portugal 3.11
    • Russia 3.12
    • Saudi Arabia 3.13
    • United Kingdom 3.14
    • Other nations 3.15
  • See also 4
  • Sources 5

Types of vessels used

Some royal yachts have been/are small vessels only used for short trips on rivers or in calm waters, but others have been/are large seaworthy ships.

History

Depending on how the term is defined royal yachts date back to the days of antiquity with royal barges on the Nile in ancient Egypt.

Later the Vikings produced royal vessels. They followed the pattern of longships although highly decorated and fitted with purple sails (purple sails remained standard for royal vessels the next 400 years).[1]

In England, Henry V sold off the royal yachts to clear the Crown's debts. The next royal vessels in England were built in the Tudor period with Henry VIII using a vessel in 1520 that was depicted as having cloth of gold sails.[2] James I had the Disdain, a ship in miniature (she was later recorded as being able to carry about 30 tons), built for his son Prince Henry. The Disdain was significant in that she allowed for pleasure cruising and as a result can be seen as an early move away from royal ships as warships.

The first ships to unquestionably qualify as royal yachts were those owned by Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. The first was gift from the Dutch but later yachts were commissioned and built in England. This established a tradition of royal yachts in Britain that was later copied by other royal families of Europe. Through the 19th century royal yachts got larger as they became a symbol of national wealth. World War I brought this trend to an end and the royal families that survived found it harder to justify the cost with the result that there are only three royal yachts left in use in Europe. For the most part royal yachts have been superseded by the use of warships in this role, as royal yachts are often seen as a hard-to-justify expenditure. In addition most monarchies with a railway system employ a special set of royal carriages. Most monarchies also employ aircraft as a luxurious (and much more speedy and timely) mode of transportation.

Yachts by country

Denmark

The Danish royal family have had several royal yachts. Two of them have been named Dannebrog.

Dubai

Dubai is the personal yacht of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, ruler of Dubai and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates. Completed in 2006, she is the second largest yacht currently in service[3] at 524 feet (162 metres) long. She came to world media attention when she sailed out to welcome the retired ocean liner, RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 to Dubai in November 2008.

Egypt

  • Mahroussa (also known as El Horria) (1866–1951) was built for Isma'il Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt. She passed the Suez Canal during its opening. Lengthened twice, she was converted from paddle steamer to screws. She now serves as a school ship for the Egyptian Navy.

Germany

During the existence of the German Empire, the Kaiser used these imperial yachts:

The Kriegsmarine fleet tender Aviso Grille was built as a state yacht for Adolf Hitler.

Kingdom of Hawaii

Italy

  • Savoia (1883-1904)
  • Trinacria (1900-1925), former steamship "America
  • Savoia (1923-1944)[5]

Netherlands

  • De Groene Draeck (1957–present)
  • Jumbo VI Prince Bernhard's yacht, a Moonen 85

Norway

King Royal Norwegian Navy. Before this other naval ships had served as royal sea transport and the king used some smaller boats for short trips mostly on official occasions.

Oman

Name Length (m) Shipyard Year Description
Al Said 155[6] Lürssen 2007 Has a helipad, orchestra and swimming pool. It is berthed in Mutrah port most of the time
Fulk al Salamah[7] 136 Bremer Vulkan 1987 It has participated in Ship for World Youth.[8]
Loaloat Al Behar 103.85 Picchiotti Italy 1982 Largest yacht built in Italy in the 1980s
Zinat al Bihaar 61 Oman Royal Yacht Squadron[9] 1988 Luxury sailing yacht built in Oman with imported engine from Siemens
Al-Noores 33.5[10] K. Damen Netherlands 1982 Specialized tug boat for the other royal yachts

Ottoman Empire

The Imperial Ottoman Government used many yachts for its head of state.[11] These include:

  • Tesrifiye
  • İzzeddin
  • Sultaniye
  • Talia
  • Ertuğrul

The Republic of Turkey also has presidential yachts

Portugal

  • Veloz (22,6 m): 1858
  • Sirius (22,5 m): 1876
  • Amélia I (35 m): 1888
  • Amélia II (45 m): 1897
  • Amélia III (55 m): 1898
  • Amélia IV (70 m): 1901

The Portuguese King Charles I used four successive royal yachts, all named Amélia, after his wife, Queen Amélie of Orleans. These yachts were, mainly, used by Charles I his oceanographic missions. It was in the Amélia IV that King Manuel II and the Portuguese royal family left the country for the exile, after the republican revolution of 5 October 1910. In the republican regime the Amélia IV was renamed NRP 5 de Outubro and operated by the Portuguese Navy.

Russia

Imperial yachts employed by the Tsar of Russia:

Saudi Arabia

Saudi royal yachts have included the following:

United Kingdom

A painting of HMY Victoria and Albert II also used as the basis for El Horria

The United Kingdom has had 83 royal yachts since the restoration of King Charles II in 1660. Charles II himself had 25 royal yachts, while five were simultaneously in service in 1831. Since the decommissioning of Britannia in 1997 the Queen no longer has a royal yacht.

Other nations

Other nations that employ some form of yacht presently or in the past include China, Iran, Sarawak and Sweden.

The Principality of Monaco owned the princely yacht Deo Juvante II between 1956-1958. This Camper and Nicholsons yacht was a wedding gift from Aristotle Onassis to Prince Rainer and Grace Kelly and was used on their honeymoon. The yacht, now called the M/Y Grace, is now owned and operated by Quasar Expeditions.

Yugoslavia had some royal yachts before World War II (most notably, one was a sister ship of the Ilinden which sank in Lake Ohrid in 2009).

Zanzibar had only one naval ship in 1896, the royal yacht HHS Glasgow. It was sunk by the British during the shortest war in history, the Anglo-Zanzibar War.

See also

Sources

  • Article in Vi Menn magazine number 31 2006
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Matt Spector (6 August 2008) "World's Elite Make a Splash With Megayachts", ABC News
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ http://www.superyachttimes.info/yachts/details/2117
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ By Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia on her maiden voyage from Brest to Ferrol, Spain and by Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia as a passenger on the Black Sea.
  13. ^ A private web page dedicated to the Standart
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.