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SEAC (computer)

SEAC (Standards Eastern Automatic Computer)[1] was a first-generation electronic

  • SEAC and the Start of Image Processing at the National Bureau of Standards – At the NIST virtual museum
  • Margaret R. Fox Papers, 1935-1976, Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota. collection contains reports, including the original report on the ENIAC, UNIVAC, and many early in-house National Bureau of Standards (NBS) activity reports; memoranda on and histories of SEAC, SWAC, and DYSEAC; programming instructions for the UNIVAC, LARC, and MIDAC; patent evaluations and disclosures; system descriptions; speeches and articles written by Margaret Fox's colleagues; and correspondence of Samuel Alexander, Margaret Fox, and Samuel Williams. Boxes 6-8 of the Fox papers contain documents, reports, and analysis of the NBS's SEAC.
  • SEAC ("Standards Eastern Automatic Computer") (1950), from History of Computing: An Encyclopedia of the People and Machines that Made Computer History, Lexikon Services Publishing
  • [1]

External links

  • Williams, Michael R. (1997). A History of Computing Technology. IEEE Computer Society.
  • Metropolis, N; Howlett, J.; Rota, Gian-Carlo (editors) (1980). A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century. Academic Press. (The chapter "Memories of the Bureau of Standards' SEAC", by Ralph J. Slutz.)
  • Astin, A. V. (1955), Computer Development (SEAC and DYSEAC) at the National Bureau of Standards, Washington D.C., National Bureau of Standards Circular 551, Issued January 25, 1955, U.S. Government Printing Office. Includes several papers describing SEAC, its technical details, and its operation. In particular, see "SEAC", by S. Greenwald, S. N. Alexander, and Ruth C. Haueter, on pp. 5–26, for an overview of the SEAC system.
  1. ^
  2. ^ "Obituary: Samuel Alexander, NBS Senior Research Fellow". Physics Today 21 (4): 131. April 1968.  
  3. ^ Glen G. Jr. Langdon (2012). Logic Design: A Review Of Theory And Practice. Elsevier. p. 7.  


See also

On some occasions SEAC was used by a remote teletype. This makes it one of the first computers to be used remotely. With many modifications, it was used until 1964. Some of the problems run on it dealt with:


The addition time was 864 microseconds and the multiplication time was 2980 microseconds (i.e. close to 3 milliseconds).

The computer's instruction set consisted of only eleven types of instructions: fixed-point addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division; comparison, and input & output. It eventually expanded to 16.

Based on EDVAC, SEAC used only 747 vacuum tubes (a small number for the time) eventually expanded to 1500 tubes. It had 10,500 germanium diodes which performed all of the logic functions (see the article diode–transistor logic for the working principles of diode logic). They were expanded to 16,000. It was the first computer to do most of its logic with solid-state devices. The tubes were used for amplification, inversion and storing information in dynamic flip-flops.[3] The machine used 64 acoustic delay lines to store 512 words of memory, with each word being 45 bits in size. The clock rate was kept low (1 MHz).



  • Description 1
  • Applications 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

electronic computer in the US. stored-program SEAC was demonstrated in April 1950, and in May 1950 it went into full production, making it the first fully functional [2]

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