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Sabesdiker losn

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Title: Sabesdiker losn  
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Sabesdiker losn

Der sabesdiker-losn (Yiddish: דער סאַבעסדיקער לאָסן) is a dialectical feature characteristic of the Northeastern dialect of the Yiddish language (NEY, Litvisher-vaysrusisher dialekt, Tsofn-yidish), which is the replacement, or merger of the "hushing" consonants ch, sh, with the "hissing" ones, "ts", "s". The name of the term is a shibboleth: the phrase "dos shabesdike loshn" (in standard Yiddish) means "Sabbath speech", hinting at the perception that this feature is substandard.[1] In addition to the shibboleth, the use of the masculine article der indicates NEY's tendency to use either the masculine or the feminine gender for nouns where Standard Yiddish uses the neuter.

It is similar to the dialectical feature of Polish language called mazurzenie, and there has been a hypothesis on the influence of mazurzenie on the development of sabesdiker losn.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b "History of the Yiddish Language", by Max Weinreich p. 534


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