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Title: Schönborn-Wiesentheid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: German mediatization, Lists of rulers of Germany
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The House of Schönborn is a noble and mediatised former sovereign princely family from the former Holy Roman Empire. Several members of the family have held high offices of the Roman Catholic Church and the Holy Roman Empire over the course of centuries, including as Bishops, Prince-Bishops, Cardinals and Prince-Electors. In addition to several family members having been elected monarchs of ecclesiastical principalities—the Electorate of Mainz, the Prince-Bishopric of Würzburg, the Prince-Bishopric of Worms, the Prince-Bishopric of Speyer, the Electorate of Trier, and the Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg—the family possessed a fiefdom in Franconia that held imperial immediacy, and was thus a principality of the Holy Roman Empire, the state of Schönborn.

Schönborn appeared first in the County of Katzenelnbogen in 1373 when Gilbrecht of Schönborn, a vassal, served Eberhard V of Katzenelnbogen. Later it was a German statelet ruled by the Schönborn family located in Franconia and areas at the Main River in Germany, located to the south of Bamberg and to the southeast of Würzburg. Schönborn emerged as a Lordship in the 14th Century. It was raised to a Barony in 1663 and to a County in 1701. In 1717, it was partitioned into Schönborn-Heusenstamm (at Heusenstamm) and Schönborn-Wiesentheid (at Wiesentheid).[1][2] The state of Schönborn-Wiesentheid was mediatised in 1806; the family thus retained its princely rank.

Lords of Schönborn (1385–1663)

  • Gerard (1385–1416)
  • Gerard (1416–1460)
  • John II (1460–1490)
  • John IV (1490–1529)
  • George II (1529–1560)
  • Philip (1560–1589)
  • George IV (1589–1613)
  • Philip Erwin (1613–1668), since 1663 Baron

Barons of Schönborn (1663–1701)

  • Philip Erwin (1663–1668)
  • John Erwin (1668–1705), since 1701 Count, jointly with:

Counts of Schönborn (1701–1717)

  • John Erwin (1701–1705)
  • Melchior Frederick (1705–1717)
Divided between the lines Heusenstamm and Wiesentheid.

Counts of Schönborn-Buchheim

  • Francis George (1682–1756)
  • Franz Philipp Joseph (1768–1841)
  • Erwein Damian Hugo (1791–1864)
  • Erwein Friedrich Karl (1842–1903)
  • Friedrich Karl Erwin (1869–1932)
  • Georg Erwin Karl (1906–1989)
  • Georg Friedrich Karl Franz Erwin Apollonius Erbgraf (1932–1973)
  • Friedrich Karl (born 1938)
  • Vincenz

Counts of Schönborn-Heusenstamm (1717–1801)

Schönborn-Heusenstamm was a German statelet ruled by the Schönborn family located in the south of modern Hesse, Germany. Schönborn-Heusenstamm was a partition of Schönborn, and was inherited by Schönborn-Wiesentheid in 1801.

  • Anselm Francis (1717–1726)
  • Anselm Posthumous (1726–1801)

Counts of Schönborn-Wiesentheid (1717–1806)

Schönborn-Wiesentheid was a County in Lower Franconia, the northwestern Region of modern Bavaria, Germany, comprising various isolated districts spanning from the Regnitz River to the Main River east of Würzburg. Schönborn-Wiesentheid was a partition of Schönborn, and inherited the other line of Schönborn-Heusenstamm in 1801. Schönborn-Wiesentheid was mediatised to Bavaria in 1806. These counts bear the prefix, Illustrious Highness.

  • Rudolph Francis Erwin (1717–1754)
  • Joseph Francis Bonaventura (1754–1772)
  • Damian Hugo Erwin (1772–1806)
  • Franz Erwein Damian Joseph (1776–1840)
  • Hugh Damien Erwein (1805–1865)
  • Arthur Franz Maximilian (1846–1915)
  • Erwein Clemens Chlodwig Karl Maria (1877–1942)
  • Friedrich Karl Anton (1916–1998)
  • Filipp Erwein Anton (born 1954, renounced his title in 2004.
  • Paul Anton (born 1962)

Prelates of the family

This family counts several prelates of the Roman Catholic Church:


Art collection

See also


External links

  • Official site of the House of Schönborn
  • The History of the County of Katzenelnbogen and the First Riesling of the World
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