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Sejjil

 

Sejjil

Sejil-1/2
Type Strategic MRBM
Service history
Used by  Iran
Production history
Manufacturer  Iran
Specifications
Weight 21.5 tonnes[1]
Length 18.2 m[1]
Diameter 1.25~1.50 m[1]

Propellant Solid fuel
Operational
range
2000 km[1]

The Sejil missile (Persian: سجیل, meaning "Baked Clay" (see Surat al-Fil of the Quran)), also known as Sejjil, is a family of Iranian solid-fueled ballistic missiles. The Sejil are replacements for the Shahab liquid-fueled ballistic missiles. According to US Pentagon sources, the missile profile of the Sejil closely matches those of the Ashura (Ghadr-110) and the Samen.[2]

Contents

  • Sejil-1 1
    • Design 1.1
  • Sejil-2 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Sejil-1

The Sejil is a two-stage, solid-propellant, surface-to-surface missile (SSM) produced by Iran with a reported 2,400 km (1,500 mi) range. A successful test launch took place on November 13, 2008.[3] Its range, if confirmed, would allow it to strike targets as far away as Israel and southeastern Europe, though Iran asserts that it is intended for purely defensive purposes.

Design

According to ICBM) capabilities ..."[4]

As a weapon, the Sejil-1 presents much more challenge to Iran's potential enemies, as solid-fuel missiles can be launched with much less notice than liquid-fueled missiles, making them more difficult to strike prior to launch.[5]

Sejil-2

Sejil-2 is an upgraded version of the Sejil.[1] The Sejil-2 two-stage solid-fuel missile has a 2,000 km range and was first test fired on May 20, 2009.[6] The Sejil-2 surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) was first tested eight months prior to the actual test launch, which took place in the central Iranian province of Semnan.[7] Improvements include better navigation system, better targeting system, more payload, longer range, faster lift-off, longer storage time, quicker launch, and lower detection possibility.[8]

The new missile utilizes composite solid-propellant fuel and unlike the Shahab-3 medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM), which is launched only vertically, the Sejjil could be launched at a variable angle.[9]

On December 16, 2009,an upgraded version of Sejil-2 was test fired.[10] This new version of the Sejil-2 is faster during the powered flight portion of its trajectory and also during the re-entry phase. It is also harder to detect for anti-missile systems, as it is covered with anti-radar material. The new highly maneuverable missile is also more efficient as it requires less amount of time for prelaunch preparations.[11]

Political commentator Kiyan Nader Mokhtari elaborated more about the features of the new missile. "The engine and various fuels have been tested and the platform is now highly reliable. The latest tests to be carried out are mainly to do with the variety of warheads that it has to carry," he said. "Some of the warheads obviously have been designed to be able to evade anti-ballistic missile defenses of the enemy in actual battle conditions," he added.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Theodore Postol (31 May 2009). The Sejjil Ballistic Missile (Report). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://docs.ewi.info/JTA_TA_Sejjil.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Iran Tests Second Solid-Fuelled Sejil Missile, Capable of 2,000 km".  
  3. ^ "Iran tests new long-range missile".  
  4. ^ "New missile marks 'significant leap' for Iran capabilities".  
  5. ^ "Iran, U.S.: Missile Claims and BMD in Europe (pay site)".  
  6. ^ "Iran tests new surface-to-surface missile".  
  7. ^ "Iran successfully tests Sejil 2 missile".  
  8. ^ "Iran Successfully Tests Sejil-2 Missile".  
  9. ^ "Sejjil Technology Surpasses Shahab 3".  
  10. ^ "Iran tests long-range missile, raises ire of West".  
  11. ^ a b "Iran tests new Sejil-2 missile with success".  
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