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St. George, Utah

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St. George, Utah

Saint George, Utah
Nickname(s): Utah's Dixie, STG

Location in Washington County and the state of Utah
Country United States
State Utah
County Washington
Settled 1861
Incorporated 1862
Named for George A. Smith
 • Mayor Jon Pike[1]
 • City Manager Gary Esplin
 • City 64.9 sq mi (168.0 km2)
 • Land 64.4 sq mi (162.2 km2)
 • Water 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)  0.72%
Elevation 2,860 ft (872 m)
Population (2014)
 • City 78,505
 • Density 1,219.0/sq mi (433.9/km2)
 • Metro 151,948
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6)
ZIP Code 84770, 84771, 84790, 84791
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-65330[2]
GNIS feature ID 1455098[3]

St. George is a city located in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Mojave Desert, at the convergence of three distinct geological areas; the Mojave Desert, Colorado Plateau, and Great Basin. It is 118 miles (190 km) northeast of Las Vegas, Nevada and 303 miles (488 km) south-southwest of Salt Lake City along Interstate 15.

As of 2014, St. George had a population of 78,505.[5] In 2005, St. George was the second fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States, only after

  • City of St. George official website
  • St. George Area Chamber of Commerce
  • Spectrum Newspaper local newspaper
  • St. George News free online newspaper

External links

  1. ^ "St. George". 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates".  
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ [5]
  7. ^ Most Populated Cities in Utah State (UT) |
  8. ^  
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Bart C. Anderson. "St. George, Utah". Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  11. ^ Gary Tom and Ronald Holt. "The Paiute Tribe of Utah". Retrieved 2015-06-27. 
  12. ^ Under Dixie Sun, 1950, Washington County Chapter, Daughters Utah Pioneers, pp 293–294. Printed by Garfield County News, Panguitch Utah.
  13. ^ Lynn Arave, "St. George likely named after an LDS apostle", Deseret Morning News, July 8, 2007.
  14. ^ "St. George Utah Temple". Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  15. ^ United States Academic Decathlon National Championship
  16. ^ "City of St. George, Utah :: Flood Pictures - January 2005". Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  17. ^ "Flooding and streamflow in Utah during water year 2005" (PDF). Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  18. ^ Johnson, Carl (1984). "Cancer Incidence in an Area of Radioactive Fallout Downwind From the Nevada Test Site".  
  19. ^ Falk, Jim (1982). Gobal Fission:The Battle Over Nuclear Power, p. 134.
  20. ^ Pat Ortmeyer and Arjun Makhijani. "Let Them Drink Milk," The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, November/December 1997, via IEER. Retrieved October 31, 2007.
  21. ^ The Geology of Snow Canyon State Park, United States Geological Survey, page 7 Archived April 9, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  24. ^ "City of St. George | Welcome!". Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  25. ^ [6] Archived February 5, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^ http://www.fox13now,com/2015/05/20/conservation-garden-featuring-desert-landscapes-in-st-george-aims-to-educate-visitors/
  38. ^
  39. ^ Skinner, Morgan (February 15, 2012). "22nd Annual St. George Area Parade of Homes: February 17 - 26". Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Dixie Regional Transportation Expo". St. George Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 
  41. ^ "SkyWest Airlines corporate website". Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  42. ^ "Washington County School District website". Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  43. ^ "Cafe Rio corporate website". Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  44. ^ Deseret News - ground is broken for new St. George airport. Nancy perkins, Deseret Morning News. October 20, 2008
  45. ^ "suntran web page". City of St. George website. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  46. ^ "St. George, Utah (UT 84770) profile". Retrieved October 15, 2015. 
  47. ^ "Trails". 2007-11-06. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  48. ^ "SGMX St. George MX Park". Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  49. ^
  50. ^ "Washington City Community Center - Washington City Utah - Where Dixie Begins". Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  51. ^ a b
  52. ^
  53. ^ "Dixie State University". Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  54. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  55. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  56. ^ St. George growth 2nd fastest in U.S.. Deborah Bulkeley, Deseret Morning News
  57. ^ Colorado’s Greeley, Florida’s Palm Coast, Fastest-Growing Metro and Micro Areas. U.S. Census Bureau News. Archived February 24, 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  58. ^ Biography Archived August 18, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  59. ^ Biography
  60. ^ property record
  61. ^ Biography NFL Players Association (
  62. ^ "My History". The Worlds and Works of Tracy Hickman. Retrieved 2011-01-02. 
  63. ^ Washington County Document Search
  64. ^ Washington County Document Search
  65. ^ Tanya Tucker | About


See also

Some movies that were filmed in St. George:

Popular culture

Notable people

The median income for a household in the city was $36,505, and the median income for a family was $41,788. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $20,861 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,022. About 7.4% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over. A significant portion of the population is "snow birds", who live in St. George during the winter months. They tend to be near or beyond retirement age, to be more affluent than the general population, and are mainly non-LDS. They contribute to the arts and recreation communities and are often drawn to St. George by recreational opportunities (12 golf courses) and the nearby National parks.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 28.4% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

As of the 2000 census, there were 17,367 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years old or older. The average household size was 2.81 individuals and the average family size was 3.21.

As of 2011,[2] there were 27,552 households. The population density was 1,135 people per square mile. As of 2010, there were 32,089 housing units at an average density of per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.2% White, 0.7% African-American, 1.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.0% Pacific Islander, and 8.9% from other races. 12.8% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2014, the city's population was estimated at 78,505. In September 2005, St. George was declared the second fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States.[56][57]


Neighboring Ivins is home to Utah's first charter high school, Tuacahn High School for the Performing Arts, which provides an alternative education with no tuition costs to any Utah resident.

The city of St. George is a part of the Dixie High School, Pine View High School, Desert Hills High School, and Snow Canyon High School, as well as Millcreek Alternative High School. The city has four middle schools, three intermediate schools and numerous elementary schools.

Public schools

St. George is home to Dixie State University,[53] a four-year institution, of about 9,000 students (as of 2012), and Dixie Applied Technology College. In addition to the colleges, the city is also home to the College Education Centers of University of Phoenix and Stevens-Henager College.


The Las Vegas NBC affiliate, KSNV-DT, has a local translator owned by Cherry Creek Radio, KVBT-LP channel 41, on which some of its programming airs two hours later than the same programming broadcast on Salt Lake City NBC affiliate KSL-TV.

Also in St. George are the offices of [51] KCSG Channel 14, a MeTV affiliate, which broadcasts local news at 7:00PM and 9:00PM. The city also receives local TV channels from Salt Lake City with broadcast translators in the St. George area.

St. George has only one television station licensed to the city, [51] The station carries the second half of CBS This Morning and CBS Face the Nation, as well as Family Feud, and has its own newscast at 7:00 p.m. each weeknight. It is carried in HD on Dish Network and DirecTV, as well as on Comcast Ch. 643 in Salt Lake City, and on Ch. 20 on local cable, TDS Communications, formerly Baja Broadband. KMYU (known as My Utah TV[52]) is sister station to KUTV-DT, and is operated out of KUTV's offices in Salt Lake City, although the station has a news bureau with a reporter and photographer based in St. George.


Other publications include; St. George Magazine, a monthly magazine covering a variety of local content, and View On Southern Utah is a magazine offering a variety of content for the larger southern Utah, southern Nevada and northwestern Arizona area.

The Salt Lake Tribune, Deseret Morning News, and Las Vegas Review-Journal / Las Vegas Sun are also widely distributed in St. George and offer home delivery.

  • St. George News ( is a free-access online newspaper focusing on local and regional news.

The Independent also provides free online daily news and an online community events calendar.

  • The Spectrum, which is owned by Gannett, is the local, daily newspaper;
  • The Independent newspaper offers a monthly print edition featuring local news, arts, entertainment & events coverage.


Call sign Frequency City of License Owner Format Notes
KSGU 090.3 FM St. George Nevada Public Radio Public radio
KXBN 092.1 FM Cedar City Cherry Creek Radio Top 40/Contemporary Hit Radio
KXLI 094.5 FM Moapa, Nevada Radio Activo Broadcasting Spanish
KCIN 094.9 FM Cedar City Cherry Creek Radio Country music
KZHK 095.9 FM St. George Canyon Media Classic rock
KCLS 096.3 FM St. George Canyon Media Active Rock
KYLI 096.7 FM Bunkerville, Nevada Aurora Media Dance Top 40 Jelli-programmed; focused on Las Vegas, Nevada
KRQX 098.9 FM St. George Canyon Media Classic Hits
KONY 099.9 FM St. George, Utah Canyon Media Country music
KFUR-LP 0101.1 FM St. George Latinos Unidos Broadcasting Regional Mexican
K272AQ 0102.3 FM St. George Cherry Creek Radio Oldies Repeater of KXFF, Colorado City, Arizona
K279BN 0103.7 FM St. George Southwest Media Oldies Repeater of KJUL, Las Vegas, Nevada
KURR 0103.1 FM Hildale Simmons Media Top 40
KPLD 094.1 & 105.1 St. George-Kanab Canyon Media Hot adult contemporary
KWBR-LP 0105.7 FM St. George Association of Community Resources and News Smooth Jazz
KIYK 0107.3 FM St. George Cherry Creek Radio Hot adult contemporary
KDXU 0890 AM St. George Cherry Creek Radio Talk radio
KHKR 01210 AM St. George Cherry Creek Radio Sports radio
KZNU 01450 AM-93.1 FM St. George Canyon Media Talk radio



. skateparks, urban fishing ponds and two splash pads, dog parks The city also has several [50][49] Notable parks and sites include the Canyons Softball Complex; Little Valley Softball Complex; Pioneer Park, Tonaquint Nature Center; St. George [47] St. George is home to many parks, several award-winning golf courses and recreation areas, as well as over 65 miles of urban trail system.

Parks and recreation

The city's four high schools (Dixie, Desert Hills, Pine View, and Snow Canyon) play in 3A state competition. Dixie State University, formerly Dixie State College, participates in the NCAA Division II Pacific West Conference. Some famous DSU athletes are Corey Dillon, Anton Palepoi, Reno Mahe, and Scott Brumfield, who all played in the NFL. Marcus Banks, Lionel Hollins, Keon Clark, and Mo Baker are Dixie players who played in the NBA, and former Rebels Bradley Thompson and Brandon Lyon currently play in the major leagues. Former Boston Red Sox pitcher Bruce Hurst played at Dixie High School, and later managed the now defunct Zion Pioneerzz in its inaugural season (1999).

The St. George community has been the home to two minor-league independent baseball teams. The first, the Golden Baseball League before being taken over by the league and moved to Henderson, Nevada in 2010.


  • None - 24.3%
  • Catholic - 4.2%
  • Protestant - 2.1%
  • Other - 68.3%[46]

Statistics as of 2010:


  • SR-7 is a partially constructed beltway, with a seven-mile spur connecting I-15 to the city's airport.
  • U.S. Highway 91, prior to the construction of I-15, was the only major U.S. highway serving the city. Today it is referred to as Old Highway 91.
  • SR-8 (Sunset Boulevard)
  • SR-34 (St. George Boulevard)
  • SR-18 (Bluff Street)


Major highways:


Public transportation:

St. George currently has no rail service. The Union Pacific line between Salt Lake City and Las Vegas is about 60 miles (97 km) north and west of the city.

Denver (as of June 2013).[44]

A portion of downtown St. George and its LDS Temple, looking east with Zion National Park in the distance.


A large part of the local economy comes from tourism, due to its proximity to Zion National Park, Bryce Canyon National Park, and Grand Canyon National Park as well as several state parks and recreational areas. With over a dozen year-round golf courses, and various world-recognized events make for large contributors to the city's economy.

[43] The

The Washington County School District main offices are based in the city.[42]

recently opened a distribution center in the Fort Pierce Industrial Park to better serve the southwest region of the U.S. Family Dollar has a large distribution center just outside the city and Walmart [41]

The The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was completed in 1877.


Neighboring Santa Clara hosts its annual Swiss Days each summer season, celebrating its heritage. Washington City and Hurricane also offer their heritage-related annual events, Cotton Days and Peach Days, respectively. The annual Washington County Fair is held for several days each August at Washington County Regional Park and Fairgrounds in Hurricane, just east of the city.

St. George is well known for both the Ironman Triathlon, among the most challenging and scenic triathlons in the world; The Fall Fuel Fest featuring Nitro Circus; The Retro Rock Fest, a two-day outdoor rock show featuring many national and international bands performing on multiple large stages with a beer garden and culinary booths.

Sunset on the Square is a popular family-friendly event featuring popular movie showings and entertainment outside on a large screen at dusk, May thru August at Town Square Park in the city's center. George First Street Fest is an arts and concert tour featuring a Jazz Garden with a variety of cuisine, vendors beers and wines, sponsored by Emcee Entertainment and the City, occurring every first Friday of each month. It is focused on offering nightlife options in efforts to revitalize the downtown area. Dixie State University features the annual Celebrity Concert Series and Spring Break Concert Bash

The week-long St. George U.S. Navy Blue Angels airshow,' 'Thunder Over Utah' ' at the regional airport. The annual Dixie Roundup Rodeo is a long time local tradition, running each September at the Dixie Sunbowl. The Dixie Convention Center, the city's largest, state-of-the-art venue, hosts concerts, meetings, and major events such as UFC Cage Fighting, The Spring Home and Garden Expo, What Women Want Expo and the Dixie Regional Transportation Expo.[40]

Events and entertainment

  • St. George Art Museum [27] - The leading art museum features fine traveling exhibits of many cultures and times. "Historic St. George Live!" tours take place seasonally during the summer months.
  • Sears Art Museum and Gallery [28]
  • St. George Musical Theater [29]
  • Tuacahn Amphitheater
  • Dixie Sunbowl - an historic outdoor arena used to host the annual Dixie Roundup Rodeo, rotary football and soccer tournaments
  • Cox Auditorium - on the campus of DSU, hosts both college events and concerts and expos.
  • Split Rock Art Museum and Gallery - located in historic Ancestor Square featuring southwest contemporary art, photography.
  • St. George Children's Museum - a children's museum
  • Rosenbruch Wildlife Museum [30]
  • Historic Ancestor Square [31] - art galleries, cuisine, and Downtown farmer's market.
  • The St. George Dinosaur Discovery Site at Johnson Farm [32]
  • Dixie Convention Center [33]
  • Brigham Young Winter Home [34]
  • Jacob Hamblin Home [35]
  • St. George LDS (Mormon) Temple - Visitor's Center [36]
  • The Electric Theater - a recently renovated historical arts center downtown
  • Red Hills Desert Garden - the first garden of its kind in the state displaying water conservation-smart landscaping and endangered species in its Virgin River aquarium.[37]
  • Tonaquint Nature Center [38]

The St. George area is home to a number of museums and points of interests, many of which are located in the downtown historic district:

Venues, museums and sites

Art galleries are abundant throughout Washington County, with the highest concentration being in the historic downtown area, as well as Zion National Park and Kayenta, nestled at the base of towering red sandstone cliffs on the metro area's western edge, is home to the Coyote Gulch Art Village.[26]

Art Around the Corner features many outdoor sculptures and statues depicting both local, cultural flare as well as a broad array of ever-changing pieces which come from all over for a temporary display in the downtown area. The roundabouts at Main and 200 North, and Tabernacle Street and Main both pose as downtown centerpieces to display "rotating" or traveling art sculptures.

The St. George Arts Festival occurs each Spring featuring many local, national and international artists. The festival showcases a wide array of contemporary, Southwestern, Indigenous American and experimental art as one strolls along the city's Main Street. The City of St. George sponsors Art in the Park and Concerts in the Park series offering a variety of musical acts and culinary booths at Vernon Worthen Park. The city is home to the Southwest Symphony Orchestra and Southern Utah Heritage Choir.

Visual, musical and theater

St. George is fast becoming internationally known as an arts and cultural destination, and is home to an increasing number of world-known events and attractions. The city and surrounding areas have a high concentration of artists. They have come over the decades to capture the natural beauty of the area's landscape, flora and fauna.

Arts and culture

St. George is served by City of St. George Utilities, which serves most of the city, and Dixie Power, which serves southern areas of the city. Rocky Mountain Power serves parts of the greater St. George area.


Dixie Regional Medical Center is an Intermountain Health Care hospital offering a 24-hour trauma center and basic emergency services for the tri-state region of southern Utah, northwest Arizona and southeastern Nevada.[25]


5th District Courthouse on Tabernacle St.

The U.S. Federal Courthouse, Washington County Justice Court, Juvenile Court and the Fifth District Courthouse are located downtown.

[24] The St. George city government is organized under a

Government and infrastructure

Climate data for Saint George, Utah (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
Average high °F (°C) 53.7
Average low °F (°C) 31.0
Record low °F (°C) −11
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.38
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.7
trace 0.0
trace 0.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.2 6.1 5.3 3.6 2.2 1.5 2.9 3.5 2.6 3.7 3.5 4.5 44.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.9
Source: NOAA (extremes 1893–present)[23]

The city has abundant sunshine year-round, and averages over 300 sunny days per year with 8.80 inches (224 mm) of precipitation annually.[23] Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, except a dry period from late April through June (after the Pacific storm season but before the southwest monsoon). Precipitation mostly comes from the Pacific Ocean from late fall through early spring. The storm track usually lifts north of the city by mid-April. The North American Monsoon (southwest monsoon) can bring localized but often intense thunderstorms from mid-July through mid-September. The greatest rainfall in 24 hours was 2.40 in (61.0 mm) on August 31, 1909.[23] Snowfall is rare, with many seasons recording no measurable accumulation; the normal seasonal snowfall is 1.4 in (3.6 cm).[23] It has been recorded as early as October 29 (in 1971) and as late as April 11 (in 1927).[23] The record single day snowfall is 10.0 in (25 cm), set on January 5, 1974.[23]

[23]. Both the record low temperature of −11 °F (−24 °C) and record low maximum temperature of 17 °F (−8 °C) were set on January 22, 1937; the record low temperature occurred again on January 26, 1937.radiative cooling The record high minimum temperature is 89 °F (32 °C), set on July 15, 1970, and July 3, 2013. Nighttime freezes are common during the winter due to [23] St. George's climate is significantly warmer on average than the rest of Utah, and typical of the desert southwest, with an


Other points of geologic interest include the Virgin River anticline; the rock has eroded away in the center leaving sheer walls surrounding the "Purgatory Flats" area to the east of St. George. Another geologic feature is Pine Valley Mountain, composed of one solid piece of granite, it is one of the largest laccoliths in the world.

Basaltic lava flows from the Quaternary period form the black ridges to the east and west of the old part of St. George city. The volcanic eruptions producing these flows are thought to date back 1.2 million years.

Navajo Sandstone (Jurassic): Grey to brown, red, and (in its upper layers) white massive sandstone. Forms cliff faces above Snow Canyon Parkway and white outcrops at Winchester Hills.

Kayenta Formation (Jurassic): Red, orange, and purple sandstone, shale, and mudstone. Forms slopes below the massive Navajo sandstone in the northern part of the city including northern Dixie Downs and along Snow Canyon Parkway.

Moenave Formation (Jurassic): Red and orange sandstone, siltstone, and mudstone. There is some confusion about distinguishing between the Springdale sandstone member of the Moenave formation and the overlying Navajo sandstone, which is similar in appearance, in the St. George area. It is now generally assumed that the red cliffs north of downtown (north of Red Hills Parkway) and at the Dixie Red Hills golf course are part of the Moenave formation. Other exposures include cuts into the east and west Black Hills and the southern part of the Dixie Downs neighborhood.

Eubrontes, a dinosaur footprint in the Lower Jurassic Moenave Formation at the St. George Dinosaur Discovery Site at Johnson Farm, southwestern Utah.

Chinle Formation (Triassic): Purple, white, grey and locally green bentonitic shale weathering to clay. Because of the softness of the strata, structures built on this formation run a higher risk of settling or slippage. The Chinle formation underlies large portions of St. George, including North Bloomington Hills, much of Green Valley, and much of the east side of the city around Riverside Drive and Pine View High School.

Shinarump Conglomerate (Triassic): Yellow to brown cliff-forming sandstone and conglomerate containing fossilized oyster shells and petrified wood. Forms the cliff faces north of Bloomington, on Webb Hill, and along the Virgin River south of 1450 South Street. This is actually the lowest member of the Chinle formation.

Moenkopi Formation (Triassic): Chocolatey-red and white banded mudstone, shale, limestone, and siltstone containing thick layers of gypsum, exposed at Bloomington, South Bloomington Hills, and the south side of Webb Hill.

Kaibab Limestone (Permian): Grey fossiliferious limestone, exposed at the center of the Virgin River anticline along Horseman Park Drive and in the low hills to the south of South Bloomington Hills.

In Southwestern Utah, soil and rock formations are red in appearance due to the presence of iron oxide.[21] Although portions of the older section of the city (particularly the southern part near the Virgin River) lie on floodplain alluvium, much of St. George is built directly upon Jurassic, Triassic, and Permian period sedimentary bedrock. The following formations—listed in chronological order—can be found within the city limits.

Much of the land in and around St. George is naturally a vivid red.


As the city expanded, so did the network of roads and highways, and with all the ridges and rugged terrain of the valley, it made for a challenge, especially for east-west oriented travel. When the grid was originally plotted, the streets were built unusually wide so horse wagons could easily make U-turns and park with ample space. The downtown area is generally defined as being the central valley between the Black Hill on the west, the Red Hill to the north, Foremaster Ridge on the east and the Virgin River to the south. Interstate 15 cuts through the center, severing many surface streets of the grid. The major arteries, St. George Boulevard, Bluff Street and Dixie Drive are the main exits into downtown, and are part of the Interstate 15 business loop, except Dixie Drive is a major thoroughfare connecting the west side of the valley with I-15. The old part of downtown has a well defined grid of broad, tree-lined avenues, with the center point being at the intersection of Tabernacle and Main Streets. All streets parallel to Tabernacle run east-west and all streets parallel to Main run north-south. The downtown area is home to the city's historic district with many preserved pioneer-era homes and storefronts registered on the national historic list, as well as the campus of Dixie State University and many of the city's office, retail, health and religious centers. Both the city's east side (east of Foremaster Ridge) and west side (west of the Black Hill) are typical middle-class suburban residential neighborhoods dotted with neighborhood strip malls and commercial centers, however the east side and along the River Road corridor boasts the area's major shopping hubs and industrial areas. Much of the city's more exclusive, high-end neighborhoods lie among the elevated hills and mesas throughout the area. Stone cliff is one of the most exclusive gated communities in the city, as well as Entrada and The Ledges - all containing many multi-million dollar estates and other amenities. Most of the remaining agricultural areas exist primarily in the outlying south and southeastern parts of the city. The Dixie Downs neighborhood in the northwest part of town, is named for an old horse race track that once existed near what is now the intersection of Dixie Downs Road and Snow Canyon Parkway. Dixie Downs is known as the most ethnically diverse neighborhood in the city, and is home to the first dual-language immersion public school in the Washington County School District.

The urban area sprawls around numerous hills, mesas, waterways and natural habitat reserves, appearing much differently than in its early days in history when the town was tucked below the red sandstone bluffs between the two black (volcanic) ridges. The city is bordered by Washington City to the east and Santa Clara and Ivins to the west-northwest. The community of Bloomington forms the southwestern part of the city.


St. George lies in a desert valley with most of the city lying below 3,000 feet (900 m). The wildlife and vegetation are typical of the Mojave Desert in which it lies. It is Situated near a unique geological transition zone where the Mojave, Webb Hill. Snow Canyon State Park lies at the northwest part of the valley.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 64.9 square miles (168.0 km²), of which, 64.4 square miles (166.8 km²) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²) of it (0.72%) is water.

The red hills of the Red Cliffs Desert Reserve north of St. George.
The Santa Clara River Reserve is home to several hundred petroglyphs on the Tempi'po'op Trail


A 1962 thyroid of radioiodine as high as 120 to 440 rads" (1.2 to 4.4 Gy).[20]

St. George received the brunt of the fallout of above-ground cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, thyroid cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, bone cancer, brain tumors, and gastrointestinal tract cancers were reported from the mid-1950s through 1980.[18][19]

Nuclear contamination

In January 2005, severe flooding, dubbed a 100-year flood occurred throughout the region due to prolonged heavy rainfall overflowing the Virgin River and Santa Clara River. One person was killed and 28 homes were destroyed by the raging Santa Clara River.[16][17]

St. George was the location of the 1997 United States Academic Decathlon national finals.[15]

In April 1877, the LDS Church completed the temple, and, currently, its longest continually operating temple.[14]

Notable events

The settlement was named after apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[13]

Fearing that the war would take away the cotton supply, he began plans for raising enough in this western country to supply the needs of his people. Enough favorable reports had come to him from this warm country below the rim of the Great Basin, that he was convinced cotton could be raised successfully here. At the general church conference in Salt Lake City on October 6th, 1861, about three hundred families were "called" to the Dixie mission to promote the cotton industry. Most of the people knew nothing of this expedition until their names were read from the pulpit; but in nearly every case, they responded with good will, and made ready to leave within the month’s time allotted to them. The families were selected so as to ensure the communities the right number of farmers, masons, blacksmiths, businessmen, educators, carpenters, as needed.[12]

At the outbreak of the Washington County, Utah.

St. George was founded as a cotton mission in 1861 under the direction of Apostle Erastus Snow, called by Brigham Young, the president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church)—part of a greater church effort to become self-sufficient. While the early settlers did manage to grow cotton, it was never produced at competitive market rates; consequently, cotton farming was eventually abandoned.

Anciently, the St. George area was inhabited by the Virgin River Anasazi and later by the Paiute tribe. The first Europeans in the area were part of the Dominguez–Escalante Expedition in 1776.[10][11]



  • History 1
    • Notable events 1.1
    • Nuclear contamination 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Cityscape 2.1
    • Geology 2.2
  • Climate 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
    • Healthcare 4.1
    • Utilities 4.2
  • Arts and culture 5
    • Venues, museums and sites 5.1
    • Events and entertainment 5.2
  • Economy 6
  • Transportation 7
  • Religion 8
  • Sports 9
  • Parks and recreation 10
  • Media 11
  • Education 12
  • Demographics 13
  • Notable people 14
  • Popular culture 15
  • See also 16
  • References 17
  • External links 18

The hub of southern Utah and Wasatch Front.[7] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, it had the distinction in the late 2000s of having the fastest white population growth in the nation.[8] It has been observed that the conservative social culture of the region shows, on the one hand, friction between "business-driven conservatives" and "anti-illegal immigration social conservatives," and on the other, some tensions between Mormons (by far a majority of the population) and non-Mormons.[9]


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