World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

State Line Archeological District

Article Id: WHEBN0012362816
Reproduction Date:

Title: State Line Archeological District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fort Ancient, United States National Register of Historic Places listings
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

State Line Archeological District

State Line Archeological District
Fields in the district
State Line Archeological District
Location On the Indiana/Ohio line, 2 miles (3.2 km) north of the Ohio River[2]:113–114
Nearest city Elizabethtown, Ohio

39°8′15″N 84°49′12″W / 39.13750°N 84.82000°W / 39.13750; -84.82000Coordinates: 39°8′15″N 84°49′12″W / 39.13750°N 84.82000°W / 39.13750; -84.82000

Area 8 acres (3.2 ha)
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 75001423[1]
Added to NRHP July 24, 1975

The State Line Archeological District (also known as the State Line Site[1]) is a complex of archaeological sites west of Elizabethtown, Ohio, United States. Located on both sides of the Indiana/Ohio border,[2] the historic district is composed of five contributing properties spread out across 8 acres (3.2 ha) of land.[1] It is believed to have been the site of a village of the Fort Ancient culture of prehistoric Native Americans.

Radiocarbon dating has revealed that State Line was occupied at approximately the same time as the SunWatch Site near Dayton, Ohio and the Turpin Site at Newtown, Ohio, while post-excavation analysis has shown that the inhabitants of the three sites were all members of the same culture.[2]:113–114 Occupation of these sites is believed to date from the Middle Fort Ancient period of the thirteenth century AD.[2]:91

A leading part of the district is a village site, also known as the "Henry Bechtel Village"; it includes a wide midden and a cemetery. Plowing of the fields at the village site has frequently turned up a wide range of artifacts, including burial pits, hearths, and trash pits.[3] Ceramics found during excavation at the site have typically been tempered with shells.[4] This pottery shares many characteristics with that produced by Middle Mississippian cultures, such as distinctive styles of painting and the presence of pottery modelled after owls and the heads of humans.[5]

Because the midden is wide but quite shallow, it has been proposed that the village's population was significant but its period of occupation was short.[3]

Among the district's contributing properties are three small burial mounds, which appear to be the work of earlier mound building peoples. At one time, the site comprised five mounds, but only three remain within the district's boundaries.[3]

In 1975, State Line was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its archaeological significance.[1]

See also

  • List of archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Indiana


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.