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Tana River County

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Title: Tana River County  
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Subject: Counties of Kenya, Hola, Kenya, Mombasa County, Nyeri County, Kilifi County
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Tana River County

Tana River County
Location in Kenya
Location in Kenya
Country  Kenya
Formed March 4th 2013
Capital Hola
 • Governor Hussein Dado
 • Total 35,375.8 km2 (13,658.7 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 240,075 [1]
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Tana River County is a county in the former Coast Province, Kenya. It is named after the Tana River. It has an area of 35,375.8 square kilometres (13,658.7 sq mi) and a population of 240,075 [1] according to the 2009 census.[2] The capital and largest town is Hola (sometimes known as Galole).

The major ethnic groups are the Pokomo, many of whom are farmers, and the Orma and Wardey, who are predominantly nomadic. The county is generally dry and prone to drought. Rainfall is erratic, with rainy seasons in March–May and October–December. Conflicts have occurred between farmers and nomadic peoples over access to water. Flooding is also a regular problem, caused by heavy rainfall in upstream areas of the Tana River. On 22 August 2012, in the worst violent incident in Kenya since 2007, at least 52 people were killed in ethnic violence in Tana River County between the Orma and Pokomo groups.

Tana River County presents an interesting case of the nexus between conflict and food security. A recent survey prepared by ALMRP, Tana River District and presented to the Tana River District Steering Group (2004) found that the county is 79% food insecure and with an incidence of poverty at 62% (Interim Poverty Strategy Paper (I-PSP), 2000–2003, Kenya). Tana River County comprises several areas of forest, woodland and grassland which are minor centres of endemism. The forests are designated National Reserve status if they have >4 plant endemics and >7 vertebrate endemics (IUCN, 2003). Despite the apparent adequate natural resources, the region remains marginalised from the rest of the country. Efforts at development always seem to centre on the huge River Tana, despite massive failures in all the previous irrigation projects in the district, i.e. Bura, Hola and the Tana delta rice irrigation project which failed after the water works were damaged by the El Niño rains in 1998.


  • District subdivisions 1
  • 2012 ethnic violence 2
  • Villages and settlements 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

District subdivisions

Despite the large area of the Tana River district, its only local authority is Tana River County Council. The district has three constituencies: Garsen, Galole and Bura.

Administrative divisions
Division Population* Urban
Area (km²) Headquarters
Bangale 14,853 0 2 x Murarandia
Bura 28,848 0 6 x Bura
Galole 34,948 9,383 4 x Hola
Garsen 51,592 4,885 4 x Garsen
Kipini 16,243 0 19 x Kipini
Madogo 21,731 0 12 x kamwangi
Wenje 12,686 0 23 x Wenje
Total 180,901 14,268 5 (average) x
* 1999 census. Sources:[3][4]

2012 ethnic violence

On 22 August 2012, in the worst violent incident in Kenya since 2007, at least 52 people were killed in ethnic violence in Tana River County between the Orma and Pokomo groups.[5]

Villages and settlements

See also


  1. ^ a b,672,705/Kenya-Census-2,009
  2. ^ "Districts of Kenya". Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  3. ^ Communications Commission of Kenya – Status of Coverage of Communications Services
  4. ^ International Livestock Research Institute – Urban Poverty (.xls)
  5. ^ "Dozens killed in Kenya clashes". Al Jazeera. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 

External links

  • Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – Kenya AdminLevels 1-4
  • Tana River District: a showcase of conflict over natural resources at ITDG
  • Map of the District
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