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United Kingdom general election, 1847

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Title: United Kingdom general election, 1847  
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Subject: Benjamin Disraeli, Lord Edward Russell, United Kingdom general election, 1857, United Kingdom general election, 1852, United Kingdom general election, 1837
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United Kingdom general election, 1847

United Kingdom general election, 1847

29 July–26 August 1847

All 656 seats in the House of Commons
329 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Lord Stanley Lord John Russell Daniel O'Connell
Party Conservative Whig Irish Repeal
Leader since July 1846 October 1842 15 April 1840
Leader's seat Baron Stanley City of London County Cork
Last election 367 seats, 50.9% 271 seats, 46.9% 20 seats, 1.9%
Seats won 325 292 36
Seat change Decrease 42 Increase 21 Increase 16
Popular vote 205,481 259,311 14,128
Percentage 42.7% 53.8% 2.9%
Swing Decrease 8.2% Increase 6.9% Increase 1.0%

PM before election

Lord John Russell

Subsequent PM

Lord John Russell

1837 election MPs
1841 election MPs
1847 election MPs
1852 election MPs
1857 election MPs

The 1847 United Kingdom general election saw candidates calling themselves Conservatives win the most seats, in part because they won a number of uncontested seats. However, the split among the Conservatives between the majority of Protectionists, led by Lord Stanley, and the minority of free traders, known also as the Peelites, led by former prime minister Sir Robert Peel, left the Whigs, led by Prime Minister Lord John Russell, in a position to continue in government.

The Irish Repeal group won more seats than in the previous general election, while the Chartists gained the only seat they were ever to hold, Nottingham's second seat, held by Chartist leader Feargus O'Connor.


United Kingdom General Election 1847
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Whig 292 + 21 53.8 259,311 + 6.9
  Conservative 325 - 42 42.7 205,481 - 8.2
  Irish Repeal 36 + 16 2.9 14,128 + 1.0
  Chartist 1 1 0 + 1 0.6 2,848 0
  Others 2 2 0 + 2 0.1 661 N/A

Total votes cast: 482,429. "Others" includes Irish Confederate Party.

Voting summary

Popular vote
Irish Repeal

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Irish Repeal


  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000)
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
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