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United Kingdom general election, 1865

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United Kingdom general election, 1865

United Kingdom general election, 1865

11–24 July 1865

All 658 seats to the House of Commons
330 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Leader The Viscount Palmerston The Earl of Derby
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 12 June 1859 July 1846
Leader's seat Tiverton Earl of Derby
Last election 356 seats, 65.7% 298 seats, 34.3%
Seats won 369 289
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 9
Popular vote 508,821 346,035
Percentage 59.5% 40.5%
Swing Decrease 6.2% Increase 6.2%

PM before election

Lord Palmerston

Subsequent PM

Lord Palmerston

1857 election MPs
1859 election MPs
1865 election MPs
1868 election MPs
1874 election MPs

The 1865 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by Lord Palmerston, increase their large majority over the Earl of Derby's Conservatives to more than 80. The Whig Party changed its name to the Liberal Party between the previous election and this one.

Palmerston died later in the same year and was succeeded by Lord John Russell as Prime Minister. [1]

This was the last United Kingdom general election where a party increased its majority after having been returned to office at the previous election with a reduced majority.[2]


369 289
Liberal Conservative
United Kingdom General Election 1865
Candidates Votes
Party Standing Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Liberal 516 369 + 13 56.1 59.5 508,821 - 6.2
  Conservative 406 289 - 9 43.9 40.5 346,035 + 6.2

Total votes: 854,856


  1. ^ "1865." The People's Chronology. Ed. Jason M. Everett. Thomson Gale, 2006. 2006. 12 May 2007
  2. ^ 3


  • F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987
  • Crewe, Ivor. "New Labour's Hegemony: Extension or Erosion?" Bartle, John and King, Anthony. Britain at the Polls 2005. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2006. p. 204
  • British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000)
  • Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results
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