World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

University of Athens

 

University of Athens

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών
120px
Established May 3, 1837[1]
Type Public
Rector Theodosis Pelegrinis[2][3]
Undergraduates >50,000
Location Athens, Greece
Campus Urban, Suburban
Newspaper "To Kapodistriako"[4]
Affiliations C.U.M., UNIMED, UNICA, EUA, ΕΑΙΕ, Atomium Culture
Website www.uoa.gr
File:National and Kapodistrian University of Athens logo with text.png

The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greek: Εθνικόν και Καποδιστριακόν Πανεπιστήμιον Αθηνών), usually referred to simply as the University of Athens, has been in continuous operation since its establishment in 1837 and is the oldest institution of higher learning in the modern Greek state.

History

The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens was founded on May 3, 1837, and was housed in the residence of architects Stamatios Kleanthis and Eduard Schaubert, on the north slope of the Acropolis. It was the first university in Southeast Europe and the second academic institution after the Ionian Academy.

Before it was renamed to honour Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first chief of state of independent modern Greece, the university was known as the Othonian University after King Otto and consisted of four faculties; theology, law, medicine and arts (which included applied sciences and mathematics). It had 33 professors, 52 students and 75 non-matriculated “auditors”. In November 1841, classes began in a new building designed by the Danish architect Christian Hansen. The Propylaea (37°58′51″N 23°44′02″E / 37.98083°N 23.73389°E / 37.98083; 23.73389 (Propylaea)) was designed by Hansen's younger brother, Theophil Hansen in 1859 but the building project was not completed until 1885.[5]

A major change in the structure of the University came about in 1904, when the faculty of Arts was divided into two separate faculties: that of Arts and that of Sciences, the latter consisting of the departments of Physics and Mathematics and the School of Pharmacy. In 1919, a department of chemistry was added, and in 1922 the School of Pharmacy was renamed a Department. A further change came about when the School of Dentistry was added to the faculty of medicine.

Between 1895 and 1911, an average of one thousand new students matriculated each year, a number which increased to two thousand at the end of World War I. This resulted in the decision to introduce entrance examinations for all the faculties, beginning for the academic year 1927-28. Since 1954 the number of students admitted each year has been fixed by the Ministry of Education and Religion, by proposal of the faculties.

During the 1960s construction work began on the University Campus in the suburb of Ilissia. The Ilissia campus now houses the Schools of Philosophy, Theology and Sciences.[1]

In 2013, the University Senate made the decision to suspend all operations in the wake of the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs (Greece) cutting 1,655 administrative jobs from universities around the country. In a statement, the University Senate said that "any educational, research and administrative operation of the University of Athens is objectively impossible."[6]

Faculties and departments

The University of Athens is divided into schools, faculties and departments as follows. The naming is nοt consistent in English for historical reasons, but in Greek the largest divisions are generally named “σχολές” (schools) and are divided in “τμήματα” (faculties), furthermore subdivided in “τομείς” (departments).[7]



Campuses


The main campus is at Ilissia (Zografou). There the faculties of Science, Theology and Philosophy are situated. The faculty of Life Sciences is located at Goudi and the faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science is located at Daphne. The faculties of Media, Education, Economics, Law and Public Administration are housed in various buildings near the centre of Athens, along with various administration facilities. University administration was housed initially in a historical neoclassical building near the center of Athens on Panepistimiou Street, but was relocated at the main university campus later.

Campus Location Schools Independent Faculties
Ilissia School of Science
School of Theology
School of Philosophy
Faculty of the Philosophy and History of Science
Goudi School of Health Sciences
Centre of Athens School of Law, Economics
and Political Sciences
Faculty of Communication and Mass Media Studies
Faculty of Primary Education
Faculty of Early Childhood Education
Faculty of Slavic Studies
Faculty of Turkish and Modern Asian Studies
Daphne Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science

Research

Research in the University of Athens includes almost all research interests. Such research in the university is associated with that conducted by the hospitals and research institutes of the metropolitan area, including the National Research Center for Physical Sciences Demokritos, the National Research Foundation (EIE), the National Observatory of Athens, the Hellenic Pasteur Institute, the Alexander Fleming Biomedical Sciences Research Center, the Athens High Performance Computing Laboratory, the National Centre for Marine Research (NCMR) and the Foundation for Biomedical Research of the Academy of Athens (BRFAA). Research conducted in the institutes of the metropolitan area of Athens accounted for more than 50% of the ISI-indexed scientific publications coming from Greece in 2004. The Department of Informatics and Telecommunications has been ranked continuously among the 100 most important research institutes in the field of Computer Science, according to Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU).[9]

Notable alumni


Politicians

Scientists

Poets/writers

Philosophers/Philologists

Other

See also

References

External links

  • University of Athens Official Website (Greek) (English)
  • UoA DASTA Office (Career Office & Innovation Unit) (Greek) (English)
  • University of Athens - Maps
  • Athens University Museum
  • The Historical Archive of the University of Athens
  • Integrated website for the History of Athens University
  • 170 years of service to Greek academic and cultural life of University of Athens
  • Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (HQAA) (Greek) (English)
    • Department of Mathematics, HQAA Final Report, 2012 (English)
    • Department of Chemistry, HQAA Final Report, 2011 (English)
    • Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, HQAA Final Report, 2011 (English)
    • Department of Geology and Geoenviromment, HQAA Final Report, 2011 (English)
    • Department of Philosophy and History of Science, HQAA Final Report, 2010 (English)
    • Department of History and Archaeology, HQAA Final Report, 2010 (English)
    • Department of French Language & Literature, HQAA Final Report, 2010 (French)
    • Department of English Language and Literature, HQAA Final Report, 2011 (English)
    • School of Dentistry, HQAA Final Report, 2010 (English)
    • Department of Nursing, HQAA Final Report, 2011 (English)
  • Greek Research & Technology Network (GRNET) (Greek) (English)
  • okeanos (GRNET's cloud service) (Greek) (English)
  • "ATHENA" Plan for Higher Education (Greek)
  • Hellenic Universities Rectors' Synod (English) (Greek)
  • Hellenic Universities Faculty Association (Greek)
  • The official newspaper of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greek)Template:Greek Universities
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.