World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vickers Vireo

Article Id: WHEBN0022708256
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vickers Vireo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of fighter aircraft, Vickers-Armstrongs, List of Air Ministry specifications, Armstrong Siddeley Lynx, Avro Avocet, Vickers Viastra, Vickers Jockey
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Vickers Vireo

Role Experimental ship-borne fighter
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Vickers Ltd.
First flight March 1928
Number built 1

The Vickers Vireo was an experimental low wing all-metal monoplane built to explore both all-metal service aircraft and the use of catapult launched ship board fighters. Only one was built.


The Vickers-Wibault construction method was based on the patents of Michel Wibault, who began working with Vickers in 1922.[1] It was a way of producing an all-metal aircraft with an airframe built up from simple, non-machined metal shapes, covered by very thin (0.4 mm or 0.016 in) corrugated light alloy sheets. On the wings the corrugations were aligned along the chord and longitudinally on he fuselage. The resulting fuselage was not a monocoque, but was internally braced, and the skin on the wings was not stressed. Panels were riveted to each other and to the underlying structure. Vickers first experience of the method was with the licence built Wibault Scout. The first Vickers design using this construction was the Vireo.[2]

The Vireo (named after a Latin word thought to mean Greenfinch) was built to Air Ministry specification 17/25, intended to evaluate both all-metal aircraft and low powered, catapult launched, carrier borne fighters. It was a low-winged single-engined monoplane of rather angular appearance with a flat-sided, deep fuselage except immediately aft of the engine. Forward of the overwing open cockpit the nose fell away, giving it a slightly humped look. The flying surfaces were all without external bracing; the wing was tapered, of deep section and incorporated twin machine guns. The horizontal stabilser had a straight leading edge but tapered at the rear. There was a square topped, balanced rudder but no fin.[2]

The Vireo was powered by an uncowled 230 hp (170 kW) Armstrong Siddeley Lynx IV radial engine driving a two-bladed propeller. The specification called for the fitting of either wheels or floats and both were used, though the Vireo took its Ministry tests as a landplane. These tests began at RAF Martlesham Heath a month after the initial flights in March 1928. The long gap between the tender submission in December 1925 and the first flight was partly because the novel structure had undergone structural and aerodynamic pre-flight tests at the Royal Aircraft Establishment. There were a few minor incidents during the tests, but more serious was a tendency to drop heavily at touchdown, which led to some rear fuselage damage. This was later attributed to root interference of the highly cambered wing leading to nasty stall characteristics. Nevertheless, by July the Vireo was on board HMS Furious for deck landing trials.[2]

The Air Ministry's interest in low-powered on-board fighters, catapult-launched to compensate for their small engines, waned when the Vireo proved no faster than the conventional ship board aircraft like the Fairey IIIF. The Vireo experience gave Vickers enough confidence in all-metal fighters to proceed with their later Jockey and Venom designs.[2]


Data from Andrews & Morgan 1988, pp. 222

General characteristics
  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 27 ft 8 in (8.43 m)
  • Wingspan: 35 ft 0 in (10.67 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 5 in (3.45 m)
  • Wing area: 214 ft2 (19.88 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,921 lb (871 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,553 lb (1,158 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Lynx IV 7-cylinder radial, 230 hp (170 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 120 mph (193 km/h)
  • Service ceiling: (service) 14,750 ft (4,496 m)
  • Vickers Auto RC (type E) machine guns in wings
  • References

    This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
    Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
    By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

    Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
    a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.