Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone

New Taipei, Taiwan's largest city.
Fuzhou, Fujian's largest city.

Western Taiwan Straits Economic Zone or West Coast Economic Zone (simplified Chinese: 海峡西岸经济区; traditional Chinese: 海峽西岸經濟區; pinyin: Hǎixiá Xī'àn Jīngjì Qū) is the proposed economic development zone for the economic region west of the Taiwan Straits by the Fujian government and the Chinese central government.[1] This include the coastal cities of Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Quanzhou and Fuzhou along Fujian province.[2][3][4][5]

The proposed economic zone aims to integrate the economies, transport, infrastructure, policies from the coastal cities west of the Taiwan Straits for competitiveness, social development, increased and strengthened economic cooperation with Taiwan.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

History

The ideas of the economic zone has been around since 2001, when Fujian province was undergoing strong economic growth and the Fujian provincial government thought it needed to be competitive with other economic zones such as the [8] The proposal was also supported by the central government in order to facilitate political and economic relationships across the Taiwan Straits.[9]

The economic zone will help Fujian catch up to Taiwan's economic development. The economic zone would "promote the better use of resources of the economic belt in East China and enhance its overall economic strength," Wang Xiaojing, the then executive vice-governor of Fujian in 2005.[10]

In 2008, Mainland China through its Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits and Taiwan via Straits Exchange Foundation agreed on an Economic Pact which opened direct transport links for the first time since the end of the Chinese civil war. This allowed regular commercial flights, direct shipping between Taiwan and Chinese mainland ports and postal services.

Economy

The proposed economic zone will accelerate economic development along the coastal cities in Fujian province. Fujian's economy is China's 11th largest provincial economy with a gross domestic product (GDP) of 523.217 billion yuan (US$63.27 billion) in 2003[11]

Fujian's current GDP is now 924.9 billion RMB as of 2007.[12] The main economic engine in Fujian are Xiamen, Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou and Putian.[12] The proposed economic zone will focus on electronic information, machinery building, petro-chemistry, construction material and clothes.[11]

Taiwan's current GDP in 2007 was 388.1 billion US dollars.[13]

In 2008, with the opening of direct transport links between Taiwan and Mainland China. It is expected this would increase economic activity in the economic zone as well as for Taiwan. This will mean reduced cost for aviation, shipping, postal services.[8] It will accelerate trade, social and economic development in the Taiwan Straits region.

Fujian already has around 5,249 Taiwanese projects in 2008.[8] This is expected to increase as cross-straits bilateral ties improves. This will increase exports such as mechanical & electrical products, automatic data processing equipment, clothing and accessories and footwear etc.[12]

Fujian's major export destination includes Hong Kong, United States and Japan. As economic trade with Taiwan increases with direct transport links, Taiwan will become a major export destination.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.66163.com/fujian_w/jianjie/fjco-1t.html
  2. ^ http://www.whatsonxiamen.com/news_msg.php?titleid=2877
  3. ^ http://www.au.fjfdi.com/en/tzfj/xsjqdhxxajjq.asp
  4. ^ http://www.fujian.gov.cn/zwgk/ztzl/hxxajjq/200708/t20070820_24894.htm
  5. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2008-12/01/content_7255954.htm
  6. ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-11/29/content_10431741.htm
  7. ^ Peter T. Y. Cheung, Jae Ho Chung, Chae-ho Chŏng, Zhimin Lin, Provincial Strategies of Economic Reform in Post-Mao China: Leadership, Politics, and Implementation, Published by M.E. Sharpe, 1997, ISBN 0-7656-0147-8, ISBN 978-0-7656-0147-6
  8. ^ a b c http://www.tp.org.tw/eletter/story.htm?id=20011209
  9. ^ http://www.fjkjt.gov.cn/e-kjt/html/Foreign/2007/0917/305.shtml
  10. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-03/07/content_422399.htm
  11. ^ a b http://www.gwytb.gov.cn:8088/detail.asp?table=Trade&title=Cross-strait+Trade&offset=50&m_id=21
  12. ^ a b c d http://info.hktdc.com/mktprof/china/mpfuj.htm
  13. ^ http://info.hktdc.com/mktprof/asia/mptai.htm
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.