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World Macedonian Congress

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World Macedonian Congress

World Macedonian Congress
Светски Македонски Конгрес
Abbreviation WMC
Formation 15 September 1990
Type international non-government, non-profit, non-political organization[1]
Headquarters Skopje, Macedonia
Location Worldwide
Chairman Todor Petrov
Honourable Presidents Gjorgjija Atanasoski
Zan Mitrev[2]
Vice-Presidents Ismail Bojda
Borce Stefanovski
Vangel Božinovski
Frosina Taševska-Remenska[2]
Main organ General Assembly[1]
Website www.smk.mk

The World Macedonian Congress (shortened as WMC or SMK; Macedonian: Светски македонски конгрес; Svetski makedonski kongres) is a non-formal parliament of the ethnic Macedonians.[1] It consider itself as an organization fighting and demanding for more human rights to ethnic Macedonians on an international level.[3] It is officially registered as a non-governmental organization based in the Republic of Macedonia.[4] The organization was registered during the fall of communism, on 15 September 1990 by Todor Petrov, who is also the president of the organization.[5][6][7] The organization is seen as a nationalist and extremely conservative by independent researchers and media.[8][9][10][11] Closely related to the World Macedonian Congress are certain Macedonian organizations in the neighboring countries of Macedonia from whom with larger importance, the Macedonian Party in Albania,[12][13][14] the OMO Ilinden in Bulgaria,[15] and the Democratic Party of the Macedonians in Kosovo founded by the organization’s member Ismail Boyda.[16][17]

Foundation

The World Macedonian Congress was the second of the two international lobby organizations or World Macedonian Congresses established in the Republic of Macedonia with the disintegration of former Yugoslavia. It was created as a rival to the first World Macedonian Congress (created by John Bitove, Sr., a Canadian-Macedonian businessman with the encouragement of the first president of the Republic of Macedonia, Kiro Gligorov) by the opposition (VMRO-DPMNE) politician Todor Petrov and current president of the Congress. Petrov claimed the Congress was created partly to replace the "Institute for the Macedonian Diaspora", which had been discredited through its past association with the Yugoslavian secret service.[18] The president of the World Macedonian Congress is Todor Petrov. He has been re-elected several times as president of World Macedonian Congress, last time in 2012 and his mandate expires in 2016. His deputies are: Ismail Bojda, Borce Stefanovski, Vangel Bozinovski, Frosina Tashevski-Remenski [19][20]

The organization claims ideological descent from one offshoot of the Macedonian Secret Revolutionary Committee, founded by Georgi Kapchev in Geneva, which send a call to convene an International Congress, which to solve the Macedonian Question in January 1899.[21] This idea is disputed by Bulgarian histirians on the grounds that Kapchev was Bulgarian journalist and lawyer.[22][23]

2004 Referendum

In 2004, Todor Petrov and World Macedonian Congress initiated 2004 Macedonian Referendum against changes of аdministrative divisions. According to the government proposal of municipal border, which would decrease the percentage of Macedonians, and transform Struga and Kicevo into Albanians dominated cities, as well as make Albanian to be official language in capital Skopje.[24] Prior to the vote, a Macedonian newspaper carried a story suggesting that if the referendum succeeded, Albanian militants had planned to blow up a pipeline carrying water to the capital Skopje.[25] Just a day before the referendum, USA recognise the Macedonia under its constitution name, therefore trying to change the public opinion and putting pressure.[26] Although 95% voted in favour of the change, the voter turnout of 27% was well below the 50% threshold, and the referendum was unsuccessful.[27][28]

See also

References

External links

  • Official web site of the World Macedonian Congress
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