World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ẓāʼ

Article Id: WHEBN0019637172
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ẓāʼ  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: ZA, Emphatic consonant, Scrabble letter distributions, South Arabian alphabet, Ge'ez script, Zah, A Is for Allah,
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ẓāʼ

Ẓāʾ ظ is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being thāʼ, khāʼ, dhāl, ḍād, ġayn). In Arabic it represents a pharyngealized voiced alveolar fricative, voiced dental fricative or velarized voiced dental fricative (]~]~]). In name and shape, it is a variant of ṭāʼ. Its numerical value is 900 (see Abjad numerals).

The ẓāʼ sound is an emphatic ] or ], pronounced with the center of the tongue depressed. Regional pronunciations vary; it may sound like an emphatic counterpart of either ز or ذ. In few dialects, such as the Lebanese Arabic, it is indistinguishable from the former in sound. Because the Persian pronunciation of this letter is influenced by the Levantine dialect, it too, is indistinguishable in sound.

Ẓāʼ is the rarest phoneme of the Arabic language. Out of 2,967 triliteral roots listed by Hans Wehr in his 1952 dictionary, only 42 (1.4%) contain ظ.

In some reconstructions of Proto-Semitic phonology, there is an emphatic interdental fricative, (] or ]), featuring as the direct ancestor of Arabic ẓāʼ, while it merged with in most other Semitic languages, although the South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for . See also ḍād.

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ט׳.


Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ظ ـظ ـظـ ظـ

Character encodings

See also

References

  • Hans Wehr, Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (1952)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.