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1976 In Spaceflight

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Title: 1976 In Spaceflight  
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Subject: Spaceflight/On This Day/Index, Spaceflight/On This Day/27 July, Spaceflight/On This Day/29 July, Spaceflight/On This Day/22 July, 1975 in spaceflight
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1976 In Spaceflight

1976in spaceflight
Viking 2 on the surface of Mars
Orbital launches
First 6 January
Last 28 December
Total 131
Catalogued 128
National firsts
Satellite  Indonesia
Maiden flights Thor DSV-2U
Retirements Voskhod
Scout B-1
Manned flights
Orbital 3
Total travellers 6


Salyut 5(AlmazOPS-3), Decay:8 August 1977" Soyuz 21, Decay:24 August" Soyuz 22, Decay:23 September" Soyuz 23, Decay:16 October"
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
22 June
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81/23
Salyut 5 (Almaz OPS-3) Low Earth Space station 8 August 1977 Successful
Visited by three crews, one of which failed to dock
6 July
Soyuz Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 21 Low Earth (Salyut 5) Salyut expedition 24 August
Partial mission failure
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, final flight of Soyuz 11A511, returned early due to crew illness
15 September
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 22 Low Earth Salyut expedition 23 September
Manned flight with two cosmonauts
14 October
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 23 Low Earth (Intended: Salyut 5) Salyut expedition 16 October
Spacecraft failure
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, failed to dock with Salyut 5

Deep space rendezvous

Date Spacecraft Event Remarks
19 June Viking 1 Areocentric orbit insertion
20 July Viking 1 Lander landed in Chryse Planitia
7 August Viking 2 Areocentric orbit insertion
18 August Luna 24 landed in Mare Crisium sample return mission
19 August Luna 24 lift-off from Mare Crisium 170 grams (6.0 oz)
3 September Viking 2 Lander landed in Utopia Planitia


  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report". 
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica". 
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches". Gunter's Space Page. 
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA. 
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report". Jonathan's Space Page. 
  • "Mission Set Database". NASA GSFC. 
  • "". 
  • "Launch Logs". Orbital Report News Agency. 
  • "Space Calendar". NASA JPL. 
  • "Southwest Space Archive". 
  • "Launch Forecast". 
  • "Spaceflight Now". 
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive". 
  • "U.S. Space Objects Registry". 
  • "Хроника освоения космоса ('Chronicle of space exploration')" (in Russian). 
Generic references:


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