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2003 Pan American Games

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2003 Pan American Games

XIV Pan American Games
Official logo of the
Santo Domingo 2003 Pan American Games.
Host city Santo Domingo
Country Dominican Republic
Nations participating 42
Athletes participating 5,223
Events 338 in 35 sports
Opening ceremony August 1
Closing ceremony August 17
Officially opened by Hipólito Mejía
Pan American torch Luis Pujols
Main venue Estadio Olímpico Félix Sánchez
1999 Winnipeg 2007 Rio de Janeiro  >

The 14th Pan American Games were held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, from August 1 until August 17, 2003. The successful bid for the games was made in the mid-1990s, when Dominican Republic had one of the highest growth rates in Latin America.[1]

All 42 PASO countries and over 5,223 athletes pre-registered for the participation in the XIV Pan American Games. An additional 2,425 trainers and delegates attended.[2] The United States pre-registered the most athletes (713) and Saint Lucia entered the least(6). The host country entered 562 athletes.

Bids

Santo Domingo beat Guadalajara, Mexico, and Medellín, Colombia, in the voting. Guadalajara later went on to host the 2011 Pan American Games.[3]

Game highlights

Opening ceremony

The games opened at Estadio Olímpico Félix Sánchez before a crowd of 48,000. The exhibition featured some 10,000 performers, some dressed in costumes ranging from skeletons to men in tuxedoes and top hats, typifying a Dominican carnival.

Local baseball heroes Juan Marichal and Pedro Martínez were on hand for the ceremony. They completed the final lap of the torch and with Luis Pujols, the nephew of the San Francisco Giants coach of the same name, dressed in a Dominican baseball uniform, swung a bat at a baseball sitting atop the mini-flame which triggered the cauldron.

The ceremony also was attended by then-President of the Dominican Republic Mario Vázquez Raña and New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

Budget and venues

The Dominican Republic spent at least $175 million for the 17-day sporting event. Two Olympic parks were renewed or built, the Centro Olímpico Juan Pablo Duarte and Parque del Este Complex. Laborers were forced to work right up until the opening ceremony because of construction delays, electrical blackouts, and questionable venue quality. In the end, the Dominican Republic refurbished existing sites and produced beautiful new facilities.

Although a few logistical incidents occurred (a team was unable to shower when the athletes village lacked water, teams were missing tennis balls or towels),[1] U.S. team chief Roland Betts, commented "At times it has been a great struggle, but we are very excited and proud to see the venues. I believe these venues are as good as or better than any that have been created for the Pan American Games." Other attendees agreed that logistical and venue problems declined greatly during the Games.

  • Map of Olympic park
  • Map of East venues

Controversy and local reaction

Numerous protest marches were staged to call attention to austerity measures, including import taxes and spending cuts, and neglect of impoverished areas. During the Games, the protests were banned from the city. However, the Dominicans warmly embraced the Games with pride, especially when local heroes such as Félix Sánchez won the gold medal in the 400-meter hurdles and broke the Pan Am record.[1]

While praising the first-rate facilities, critics decried the huge cost overruns, the high payroll of the organizers, and concerns over the Dominican Republic's ability to maintain the venues after the Games.[4]

Medal count

1 Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 117/118 80 73/72 270/271/269
2  Cuba (CUB) 72 41 39 152
3  Canada (CAN) 29 57 42/41 128/127
4  Brazil (BRA) 29 40 54 123
5  Mexico (MEX) 20 27 32/31 79/78
Note

^ The medal counts for the United States, Canada and Mexico are disputed.

Sports

The 2003 games marked the return of basque pelota [5] and waterskiing to the Games.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c Games Lift Spirits in Santo Domingo
  2. ^ 41 Countries and 5,223 Athletes Pre-Registered in Pan Am 2003
  3. ^ PAN AMERICAN GAMES; Santo Domingo Is Named as Host
  4. ^ The most costly Pan Am Games ever
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Setting sites for the Dominican Republic
  • Ready or not Pan American Games open in Dominican Republic
  • Official Site
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