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2006 FIFA World Cup

2006 FIFA World Cup
FIFA Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft
Deutschland 2006
2006 FIFA World Cup official logo
A time to make friends
Tournament details
Host country Germany
Dates 9 June – 9 July (31 days)
Teams 32 (from 6 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 12 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Italy (4th title)
Runners-up  France
Third place  Germany
Fourth place  Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played 64
Goals scored 147 (2.3 per match)
Attendance 3,359,439 (52,491 per match)
Top scorer(s) Miroslav Klose
(5 goals)
Best player Zinedine Zidane
Best young player Lukas Podolski
Best goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which won the right to host the event in July 2000. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process, along with the host nation, Germany, for the finals tournament.

Italy won the tournament, claiming their fourth World Cup title. They defeated France 5–3 in a penalty shootout in the final, after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish in third place. Angola, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Serbia & Montenegro, Trinidad & Tobago and Togo made their first appearances in the finals.

The 2006 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.29 billion non-unique viewers, compiled over the course of the tournament. The final attracted an estimated audience of 715.1 million people.[1] The 2006 World Cup ranks fourth in non-unique viewers, behind the World Cup in 1994, 2002, and 1990.[2] As the winner, Italy represented the World in the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup.


  • Host selection 1
    • Bribery and corruption allegations 1.1
  • Qualification 2
    • List of qualified teams 2.1
  • Venues 3
  • Match officials 4
  • Squads 5
  • Groups 6
    • Seeds 6.1
    • Group system 6.2
      • Ranking criteria 6.2.1
  • Finals tournament 7
    • Hosting 7.1
    • Traditional powers dominate 7.2
    • Scoring 7.3
    • Unprecedented number of cards 7.4
  • Group stage 8
    • Group A 8.1
    • Group B 8.2
    • Group C 8.3
    • Group D 8.4
    • Group E 8.5
    • Group F 8.6
    • Group G 8.7
    • Group H 8.8
  • Knockout stage 9
    • Round of 16 9.1
    • Quarter-finals 9.2
    • Semi-finals 9.3
    • Third place play-off 9.4
    • Final 9.5
  • Statistics 10
    • Goalscorers 10.1
    • Assists 10.2
    • Awards 10.3
    • All-star team 10.4
    • Prize money 10.5
    • Final standings 10.6
  • See also 11
  • References and footnotes 12
  • External links 13

Host selection

The vote to choose the hosts of the 2006 tournament was held in July 2000 in Zürich, Switzerland. It involved four bidding nations after Brazil had withdrawn three days earlier: Germany, South Africa, England and Morocco.[3] Three rounds of voting were required, each round eliminating the nation with the least votes. The first two rounds were held on 6 July 2000, and the final round was held on 7 July 2000, which Germany won over South Africa.

Voting results[4]
Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Germany 10 11 12
South Africa 6 11 11
England 5 2
Morocco 3

Bribery and corruption allegations

Accusations of bribery and corruption have marred the success of Germany's bid from the very beginning. On the very day of the vote, a hoax bribery affair was made public, leading to calls for a re-vote.[5] On the night before the vote, German satirical magazine Titanic sent letters to FIFA representatives, offering joke gifts like cuckoo clocks and Black Forest ham in exchange for their vote for Germany. Oceania delegate Charlie Dempsey, who had initially backed England, had then been instructed to support South Africa following England's elimination. He abstained, citing "intolerable pressure" on the eve of the vote.[6] Had Dempsey voted as originally instructed, the vote would have resulted with a 12–12 tie, and FIFA president Sepp Blatter, who favoured the South African bid,[7] would have had to cast the deciding vote.[8]

More irregularities surfaced soon after, including sudden interest of German politicians and major businesses in the four Asian countries, whose delegates were decisive for the vote, in the months leading up to the decision.[9] Just a week before the vote, the German government under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder lifted their arms embargo on Saudi Arabia and agreed to send granade launchers to the country. DaimlerChrysler invested several hundred million Euro in Hyundai, while one of the sons of the company's founders was a member of FIFA's executive committee. Both Volkswagen and Bayer announced investments in Thailand and South Korea, whose respective delegates Worawi Makudi and Chung Jong-Moon were possible votes for Germany.[10][9] Makudi additionally received a payment by a company of German media mogul Leo Kirch, who also paid millions for usually worthless TV rights for friendly matches of the German team and FC Bayern Munich.[10][9]

On 16 October 2015, the German news magazine

  • 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™,
  • FIFA Technical Report (Part 1) and (Part 2)
  • RSSSF Archive of finals
  • Official FIFA World Cup site
  • Organizing committee site
  • Official 2006 FIFA World Cup site at the Wayback Machine (archived March 13, 2007)
  • Official World Cup charity
  • BBC 2006 World Cup coverage

External links

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  39. ^ 2006 WC match fixed – report Der Spiegel
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  45. ^ a b
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  47. ^ Based on the methodology of Germany 2006: The final ranking Archived 7 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine

References and footnotes

2006 FIFA World Cup Belgian Coin

See also

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1  Italy E 7 5 2 0 12 2 +10 17
2  France G 7 4 3 0 9 3 +6 15
3  Germany A 7 5 1 1 14 6 +8 16
4  Portugal D 7 4 1 2 7 5 +2 13
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5  Brazil F 5 4 0 1 10 2 +8 12
6  Argentina C 5 3 2 0 11 3 +8 11
7  England B 5 3 2 0 6 2 +4 11
8  Ukraine H 5 2 1 2 5 7 −2 7
Eliminated in the round of 16
9  Spain H 4 3 0 1 9 4 +5 9
10   Switzerland G 4 2 2 0 4 0 +4 8
11  Netherlands C 4 2 1 1 3 2 +1 7
12  Ecuador A 4 2 0 2 5 4 +1 6
13  Ghana E 4 2 0 2 4 6 −2 6
14  Sweden B 4 1 2 1 3 4 −1 5
15  Mexico D 4 1 1 2 5 5 0 4
16  Australia F 4 1 1 2 5 6 −1 4
Eliminated in the group stage
17  South Korea G 3 1 1 1 3 4 −1 4
18  Paraguay B 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
19  Ivory Coast C 3 1 0 2 5 6 −1 3
20  Czech Republic E 3 1 0 2 3 4 −1 3
21  Poland A 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
22  Croatia F 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
23  Angola D 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
24  Tunisia H 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
25  Iran D 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
 United States E 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
27  Trinidad and Tobago B 3 0 1 2 0 4 −4 1
28  Japan F 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
 Saudi Arabia H 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
30  Togo G 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0
31  Costa Rica A 3 0 0 3 3 9 −6 0
32  Serbia and Montenegro C 3 0 0 3 2 10 −8 0

All 32 teams are ranked based on criteria which have been used by FIFA.[47] Please note that a penalty shoot-out count as a draw for both teams.

Final standings

  • CHF7 million – To each team eliminated in the group stage (16 teams)
  • CHF8.5 million – To each team eliminated in the round of 16 (8 teams)
  • CHF11.5 million – To each team eliminated in the quarter-finals (4 teams)
  • CHF21.5 million – Fourth placed team and Third placed team
  • CHF22.5 million – Runners-up
  • CHF24.5 million – Winner

A total of CHF332 million was awarded to the 32 teams participating in the tournament. Each team who entered the competition received CHF2 million, with the biggest prize being CHF24.5 million, awarded to the winner of the tournament.[45] Below is a complete list of the prize money allocated:[45][46]

Prize money

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Gianluigi Buffon
Jens Lehmann

Roberto Ayala
John Terry
Lilian Thuram
Philipp Lahm
Fabio Cannavaro
Gianluca Zambrotta
Ricardo Carvalho

Zé Roberto
Patrick Vieira
Zinedine Zidane
Michael Ballack
Andrea Pirlo
Gennaro Gattuso
Francesco Totti
Luís Figo

Hernán Crespo
Thierry Henry
Miroslav Klose
Luca Toni

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 23 most impressive players at the 2006 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. The team was chosen from a shortlist of over 50 players, and was selected based on performances from the second round onwards.[43][44]

All-star team

FIFA's Technical Study Group (TSG) also granted a Man of the Match award to one player in each match. Italy's Andrea Pirlo won the most Man of the Match awards, with three in total. Miroslav Klose, Agustin Delgado, Arjen Robben, Zé Roberto, Alexander Frei, Michael Ballack, and Patrick Vieira each received two awards.

Golden Boot Winner Golden Ball Winner Yashin Award Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Miroslav Klose Zinedine Zidane Gianluigi Buffon Lukas Podolski  Brazil


Source: FIFA[42]

1 assist
2 assists
3 assists
4 assists

Juan Román Riquelme won the assists table with four assists.


Own goals
1 goal
2 goals
3 goals
5 goals

Miroslav Klose received the Golden Boot for scoring five goals in the World Cup. In total, 147 goals were scored by 110 different players, with four of them credited as own goals.



9 July 2006
Italy  1–1 (a.e.t.)  France
Materazzi Goal 19' Report Zidane Goal 7' (pen.)
Pirlo Penalty scored
Materazzi Penalty scored
De Rossi Penalty scored
Del Piero Penalty scored
Grosso Penalty scored
5–3 Penalty scored Wiltord
Penalty missed Trezeguet
Penalty scored Abidal
Penalty scored Sagnol
Olympiastadion, Berlin
Attendance: 69,000
Referee: Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)

At the end of the regulation 90 minutes, the score was still level at 1–1, and the match was forced into extra time. Italian goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon made a potentially game-saving save in extra time when he tipped a Zidane header over the crossbar. Further controversy ensued near the end of extra time, when Zidane head-butted Materazzi in the chest in an off-the-ball incident and was sent off. Extra time produced no further goals and a penalty shootout followed, which Italy won 5–3. France's David Trezeguet, the man who scored the golden goal against Italy in Euro 2000, was the only player not to score his penalty; his spot kick hit the crossbar, landed on the goal line and went out. It was the first all-European final since Italy's triumph over West Germany in the 1982 World Cup, and the second final, after 1994, to be decided on penalties. It was also Italy's first world title in 24 years, and their fourth overall, making them the second most successful World Cup team ever. The victory also helped Italy top the FIFA World Rankings in February 2007 for the first time since November 1993.

The final started with each side scoring within the first 20 minutes. Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring by converting a controversial seventh-minute penalty kick,[40] which glanced off the underside of the crossbar and into the goal... before bouncing back up, hitting the crossbar again and bounced out of the goal.[41] Marco Materazzi then levelled the scores in the 19th minute following an Andrea Pirlo corner. Both teams had chances to score the winning goal in normal time: Luca Toni hit the crossbar in the 35th minute for Italy (he later had a header disallowed for offside), while France were not awarded a possible second penalty in the 53rd minute when Florent Malouda went down in the box after a tackle from Gianluca Zambrotta.


8 July 2006
Germany  3–1  Portugal
Schweinsteiger Goal 56'78'
Petit Goal 60' (o.g.)
Report Nuno Gomes Goal 88'
Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Toru Kamikawa (Japan)

Portugal were strong in possession but lacked punch in attack; unable to convert 57% possession into goals. Pauleta had two clear chances from 15 metres, but both times hit tame shots that did not trouble keeper Oliver Kahn, who was playing in his last match for the German national team. Portugal got a consolation goal with the help of substitute Luís Figo (also playing the final international game of his career), who almost immediately provided the precise distribution needed to unlock the German defence. A cross from the right wing on 88 minutes found fellow substitute Nuno Gomes at the far post, who dived in for the goal. The game ended 3–1, a result which gave the tournament hosts the bronze medals and left Portugal in fourth place.

The hosts got three goals in 20 minutes in the second half with the help of 21-year-old left midfielder Bastian Schweinsteiger. His first goal beat the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo with pace over his head. Only 4 minutes later, Schweinsteiger's free kick 30 metres from the left of the penalty box, driven low across goal, was connected with Petit's knee to become an own goal for Portugal. The German did not stop, and netted his second goal, which swerved away to the keeper's left, in the 78th minute.

Third place play-off

5 July 2006
Portugal  0–1  France
Report Zidane Goal 33' (pen.)
FIFA WM Stadion München, Munich
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Uruguay)

4 July 2006
Germany  0–2 (a.e.t.)  Italy
Report Grosso Goal 119'
Del Piero Goal 120+1'
FIFA WM Stadion Dortmund, Dortmund
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Benito Archundia (Mexico)

In the second semi-final, Portugal lost to France 1–0 in Munich. In a repeat of the Euro 1984 and Euro 2000 semi-finals, Portugal were defeated by France, with the decisive goal being a penalty scored by France captain Zinedine Zidane.

The semi-final between Germany and Italy produced an extra time period that went scoreless until the 118th minute, when Italy scored twice through Fabio Grosso and Alessandro Del Piero, putting an end to Germany's undefeated record in Dortmund. With this win, Italy continued their dominance over Germany.

With Argentina and Brazil eliminated in the quarter-finals, an all-European semi-final line up was completed for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).


1 July 2006
Brazil  0–1  France
Report Henry Goal 57'
FIFA WM Stadion Frankfurt, Frankfurt
Attendance: 48,000
Referee: Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)

30 June 2006
Italy  3–0  Ukraine
Zambrotta Goal 6'
Toni Goal 59'69'
FIFA WM Stadion Hamburg, Hamburg
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)

30 June 2006
Germany  1–1 (a.e.t.)  Argentina
Klose Goal 80' Report Ayala Goal 49'
Neuville Penalty scored
Ballack Penalty scored
Podolski Penalty scored
Borowski Penalty scored
4–2 Penalty scored Cruz
Penalty missed Ayala
Penalty scored Rodríguez
Penalty missed Cambiasso
Olympiastadion, Berlin
Attendance: 72,000
Referee: Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)

Italy defeated quarter-final debutants Ukraine 3–0. France eliminated Brazil 1–0 to advance into the semi-finals. Brazil only managed one shot on goal, while Zinedine Zidane's dribbling earned him Man of the Match and his free-kick to Thierry Henry resulted in the winning goal.

Germany and Argentina ended 1–1 after extra time; the hosts edged out the Argentinians 4–2 on penalties to go through to the semifinals (this was the first time Argentina had lost a World Cup penalty shootout: up until this match, both Argentina and Germany had participated in three penalty shootouts, winning all of them). In Gelsenkirchen, when England faced Portugal, Wayne Rooney was sent off, and Portugal won the penalty shoot-out 3–1 after a 0–0 draw to reach their first World Cup semi-final since the days of Eusébio 40 years earlier, and ensure manager Luiz Felipe Scolari's third consecutive tournament quarter-final win over Sven-Göran Eriksson's England.


27 June 2006
Spain  1–3  France
Villa Goal 28' (pen.) Report Ribéry Goal 41'
Vieira Goal 83'
Zidane Goal 90+2'
FIFA WM Stadion Hannover, Hanover
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Roberto Rosetti (Italy)

27 June 2006
Brazil  3–0  Ghana
Ronaldo Goal 5'
Adriano Goal 45+1'
Zé Roberto Goal 84'

26 June 2006
Italy  1–0  Australia
Totti Goal 90+5' (pen.) Report

25 June 2006
Portugal  1–0  Netherlands
Maniche Goal 23' Report
Frankenstadion, Nuremberg
Attendance: 41,000
Referee: Valentin Ivanov (Russia)

25 June 2006
England  1–0  Ecuador
Beckham Goal 60' Report

24 June 2006
Argentina  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Mexico
Crespo Goal 10'
Rodríguez Goal 98'
Report Márquez Goal 6'
Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)

24 June 2006
Germany  2–0  Sweden
Podolski Goal 4'12' Report
FIFA WM Stadion München, Munich
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Carlos Simon (Brazil)

England struggled against Ecuador but won 1–0 thanks to a David Beckham free kick. Brazil won 3–0 against Ghana, in a game which included Ronaldo's record 15th World Cup goal. Der Spiegel reported that the match was influenced by an Asian betting syndicate.[39] Portugal defeated the Netherlands 1–0. The only goal came courtesy of a Maniche strike in an acrimonious match, which marked a new World Cup record with 16 yellow cards (Portugal: 9, the Netherlands: 7) and 4 players being sent off for a second bookable offence. France came from behind to defeat Spain 3–1 thanks to goals from Franck Ribéry, Patrick Vieira, and Zinedine Zidane.

In the second round, conceding two early goals in the first twelve minutes to Germany effectively ended the Swedes' hopes of progressing to the quarter-finals. Argentina struggled to get past Mexico until a Maxi Rodríguez goal in extra time put the Albiceleste in the quarter-finals. Australia's journey ended when Italians were awarded a controversial penalty, scored by Francesco Totti, deep into the remaining seconds of the match. The Italians had spent much of the game with only ten men on the field, following an equally controversial red card shown to centre back Marco Materazzi. In a 0–0 match, Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shoot-out against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with an unwanted new record in becoming the first team in a World Cup to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals (and indeed the only nation ever to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal).

Round of 16

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
24 June – Munich            
  Germany  2
30 June – Berlin
  Sweden  0  
  Germany (pen.)  1 (4)
24 June – Leipzig
    Argentina  1 (2)  
  Argentina (aet)  2
4 July – Dortmund
  Mexico  1  
  Germany  0
26 June – Kaiserslautern
    Italy (aet)  2  
  Italy  1
30 June – Hamburg
  Australia  0  
  Italy  3
26 June – Cologne
    Ukraine  0  
   Switzerland  0 (0)
9 July – Berlin
  Ukraine (pen.)  0 (3)  
  Italy (pen.)  1 (5)
25 June – Stuttgart
    France  1 (3)
  England  1
1 July – Gelsenkirchen
  Ecuador  0  
  England  0 (1)
25 June – Nuremberg
    Portugal (pen.)  0 (3)  
  Portugal  1
5 July – Munich
  Netherlands  0  
  Portugal  0
27 June – Dortmund
    France  1   Third Place
  Brazil  3
1 July – Frankfurt 8 July – Stuttgart
  Ghana  0  
  Brazil  0   Germany  3
27 June – Hanover
    France  1     Portugal  1
  Spain  1
  France  3  

The knockout stage involved the sixteen teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, a draw was followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two 15-minute halves); if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet), and penalty shoot-outs are indicated by (pen.).

Knockout stage

14 June 2006
Spain  4–0  Ukraine Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Tunisia  2–2  Saudi Arabia Allianz Arena, Munich
19 June 2006
Saudi Arabia  0–4  Ukraine AOL Arena, Hamburg
Spain  3–1  Tunisia Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
23 June 2006
Saudi Arabia  0–1  Spain Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
Ukraine  1–0  Tunisia Olympiastadion, Berlin
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Spain 3 3 0 0 8 1 +7 9
 Ukraine 3 2 0 1 5 4 +1 6
 Tunisia 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
 Saudi Arabia 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1

Spain dominated Group H, picking up the maximum number of points, scoring 8 goals, and conceding only 1. Ukraine, despite being beaten 4–0 by Spain in their first World Cup game, took advantage of the weaker opponents to beat Saudi Arabia 4–0 and scrape past Tunisia 1–0 thanks to a 70th-minute penalty by Andriy Shevchenko, to reach the Round of 16. Saudi Arabia and Tunisia went out of the tournament having 1 point each, thanks to a 2–2 draw against each other.

Group H

13 June 2006
South Korea  2–1  Togo Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
France  0–0   Switzerland Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
18 June 2006
France  1–1  South Korea Zentralstadion, Leipzig
19 June 2006
Togo  0–2   Switzerland Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
23 June 2006
Togo  0–2  France RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
Switzerland   2–0  South Korea AWD-Arena, Hanover
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
  Switzerland 3 2 1 0 4 0 +4 7
 France 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 5
 South Korea 3 1 1 1 3 4 −1 4
 Togo 3 0 0 3 1 6 −5 0

France only managed a scoreless draw against Switzerland and a 1–1 draw against South Korea. With captain Zinedine Zidane suspended, their 2–0 win against Togo was enough for them to advance to the knockout round. They were joined by the group winners, Switzerland, who defeated South Korea 2–0, and did not concede a goal in the tournament. South Korea won their first World Cup finals match outside their own country in defeating Togo, but four points were not enough to see them through to the round of 16 (the only team for which this was the case), while Togo exited without a point.

Group G

12 June 2006
Australia  3–1  Japan Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
13 June 2006
Brazil  1–0  Croatia Olympiastadion, Berlin
18 June 2006
Japan  0–0  Croatia EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Brazil  2–0  Australia Allianz Arena, Munich
22 June 2006
Japan  1–4  Brazil Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
Croatia  2–2  Australia Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Brazil 3 3 0 0 7 1 +6 9
 Australia 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
 Croatia 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
 Japan 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1

Group F included the reigning World Champions Brazil, Croatia, Japan, and Australia. Playing in their first World Cup for 32 years, Australia came from behind to defeat Japan 3–1, and, despite losing 0–2 to Brazil, a 2–2 draw with Croatia was enough to give the Australians a place in the Round of 16 in a game where two players were sent-off for second bookings and one for a third booking by English referee Graham Poll. Australia became the first Oceanian team to reach the knockout stages. The Brazilians won all three games to qualify first in the group. Their 1–0 win against Croatia was through a goal late in the first-half by Kaká. Croatia and Japan went out of the tournament without a single win.

Group F

12 June 2006
United States  0–3  Czech Republic Veltins-Arena, Gelsenkirchen
Italy  2–0  Ghana AWD-Arena, Hanover
17 June 2006
Czech Republic  0–2  Ghana RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
Italy  1–1  United States Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
22 June 2006
Czech Republic  0–2  Italy AOL Arena, Hamburg
Ghana  2–1  United States EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Italy 3 2 1 0 5 1 +4 7
 Ghana 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 6
 Czech Republic 3 1 0 2 3 4 −1 3
 United States 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1

In Group E, Italy went through to the Round of 16 conceding just one goal (an own goal) in the group phase against the United States. The US bowed out of the tournament after disappointing results against the Czech Republic and Ghana, 0–3 and 1–2, respectively, despite a 1–1 draw (finishing with 9 vs 10 men) against Italy. Tournament debutant Ghana joined Italy in the round of 16, following victories over the Czech Republic and the United States. Daniele De Rossi was suspended for 4 games following his sending-off against the United States.

Group E

11 June 2006
Mexico  3–1  Iran EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Angola  0–1  Portugal RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
16 June 2006
Mexico  0–0  Angola AWD-Arena, Hanover
17 June 2006
Portugal  2–0  Iran Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
21 June 2006
Portugal  2–1  Mexico Veltins-Arena, Gelsenkirchen
Iran  1–1  Angola Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Portugal 3 3 0 0 5 1 +4 9
 Mexico 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
 Angola 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
 Iran 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1

Portugal coasted through in Group D, picking up the maximum number of points, with Mexico qualifying in second. Iran missed chances against Mexico in their opening 1–3 defeat and were eliminated in their match against Portugal. They fought hard against the Portuguese, but went down 2–0. Their last game against Angola ended in 1–1 draw. The Africans had a respectable first World Cup tournament after earning draws with Mexico (0–0) and Iran.

Group D

10 June 2006
Argentina  2–1  Ivory Coast AOL Arena, Hamburg
11 June 2006
Serbia and Montenegro  0–1  Netherlands Zentralstadion, Leipzig
16 June 2006
Argentina  6–0  Serbia and Montenegro Veltins-Arena, Gelsenkirchen
Netherlands  2–1  Ivory Coast Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
21 June 2006
Netherlands  0–0  Argentina Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
Ivory Coast  3–2  Serbia and Montenegro Allianz Arena, Munich
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Argentina 3 2 1 0 8 1 +7 7
 Netherlands 3 2 1 0 3 1 +2 7
 Ivory Coast 3 1 0 2 5 6 −1 3
 Serbia and Montenegro 3 0 0 3 2 10 −8 0

Both Argentina and Netherlands qualified from Group C with a game remaining, Argentina topping the group on goal difference having hammered Serbia and Montenegro 6–0 and beating Ivory Coast 2–1. The Dutch picked up 1–0 and 2–1 victories over Serbia and Montenegro and Ivory Coast, respectively. Ivory Coast defeated Serbia and Montenegro 3–2 in their final game, in Serbia & Montenegro's last ever international before the break-up of the country.

Group C

10 June 2006
England  1–0  Paraguay Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
Trinidad and Tobago  0–0  Sweden Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
15 June 2006
England  2–0  Trinidad and Tobago EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Sweden  1–0  Paraguay Olympiastadion, Berlin
20 June 2006
Sweden  2–2  England RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
Paraguay  2–0  Trinidad and Tobago Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 England 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7
 Sweden 3 1 2 0 3 2 +1 5
 Paraguay 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 3
 Trinidad and Tobago 3 0 1 2 0 4 −4 1

In Group B, England and Sweden pushed Paraguay into third place after narrow victories over the South Americans. Trinidad and Tobago earned some international respect after a draw with Sweden in their opening game and managing to hold England scoreless for 83 minutes, until goals from Peter Crouch and Steven Gerrard sealed a 2–0 win for the Three Lions. Sweden qualified for the knockout rounds after drawing 2–2 with England to maintain their 38-year unbeaten record against them.

Group B

9 June 2006
Germany  4–2  Costa Rica Allianz Arena, Munich
Poland  0–2  Ecuador Veltins-Arena, Gelsenkirchen
14 June 2006
Germany  1–0  Poland Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
15 June 2006
Ecuador  3–0  Costa Rica Imtech Arena, Hamburg
20 June 2006
Ecuador  0–3  Germany Olympiastadion, Berlin
Costa Rica  1–2  Poland HDI-Arena, Hanover
Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 3 0 0 8 2 +6 9
 Ecuador 3 2 0 1 5 3 +2 6
 Poland 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
 Costa Rica 3 0 0 3 3 9 −6 0

In the opening match of the tournament, Germany and Costa Rica played a game which ended 4–2 for the host in the highest scoring opening match in the tournament's history. Germany went on to win the Group A after edging Poland and breezing past Ecuador 3–0. Despite the defeat, Ecuador had already joined the host in the Round of 16 having beaten Poland and Costa Rica 2–0 and 3–0, respectively.

Group A

Key to colours in group tables
Group winners and runners-up advance to the Round of 16
  • Pld = total games played
  • W = total games won
  • D = total games drawn (tied)
  • L = total games lost
  • GF = total goals scored (goals for)
  • GA = total goals conceded (goals against)
  • GD = goal difference (GF−GA)
  • Pts = total points accumulated

In the following tables:

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2).

Group stage

The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials and President Sepp Blatter received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away from referees.[38]

The tournament had a record number of yellow and red cards, breaking the previous record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards, with Russian referee Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round of 16 match between Portugal and the Netherlands, in a match known as the Battle of Nuremberg. Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President Sepp Blatter hinted that he may allow some rule changes for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee Graham Poll mistakenly hand out three yellow cards to Croatia's Josip Šimunić in their match against Australia.

Unprecedented number of cards

For the first time ever in the FIFA World Cup, the first and last goals of the tournament were scored by defenders. Philipp Lahm, the German left wingback, scored the opener against Costa Rica after only 5 minutes of the opening match. In the final, Marco Materazzi, the Italian centre back, out-jumped Patrick Vieira and headed in the last goal of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Germany's Miroslav Klose scored five goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad scored more than two goals, though ten different players had scored for the team, tying France's record in 1982 for the most goalscorers from any one team.

Despite the early goals that flooded the group stages, the knock-out phase had a much lower goals per match ratio. A prime example of the dearth of goals was Portugal, which only scored in the 23rd minute of the Round of 16, and did not score again until the 88th minute of the third place play-off. No player managed to score a hat-trick in this tournament. Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil and France were the only teams to score more than one goal in a knockout match. Germany was one of the exceptions, tending to play an attacking style of football throughout the knock-out stage, which was reflected by the fact that they scored the most number of goals (14), with players from all three outfield positions (defence, midfield and forward) making the scoresheet.


Despite early success by Australia, Ecuador and Ghana, the tournament marked a return to dominance of the traditional football powers. Four years after a 2002 tournament in which teams from North America (United States), Africa (Senegal), and Asia (South Korea) made it deep into the knockout stages and Turkey finished third, all eight seeded teams progressed to the knockout stages, and none of the quarter-finalists were from outside Europe or South America. Six former champions took part in the quarter-final round, with Ukraine and Euro 2004 runners-up Portugal as the only relative outsiders.[37] Argentina and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, leaving an all-European final four for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

Traditional powers dominate

Although Germany failed to win the Cup, the tournament was considered a great success for Germany in general. Germany also experienced a sudden increase in patriotic spirit with flag waving, traditionally frowned upon by German society since World War II, whenever the German team played.[36] For the closing ceremonies, Matthias Keller composed a work performed simultaneously by the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian Radio Orchestra with conductors Christian Thielemann, Zubin Mehta, and Mariss Jansons, and soloists Diana Damrau, Plácido Domingo and Lang Lang.


The finals tournament of the 2006 World Cup began on 9 June. The 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four teams each, within which the teams competed in a round-robin tournament to determine which two of those four teams would advance to the sixteen-team knock-out stage, which started on 24 June. In total, 64 games were played.

2006 FIFA World Cup opening ceremony in Munich

Finals tournament

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria.[35] In any event, the final tournament saw only two pairs of teams level on points: Argentina and the Netherlands at 7 points in Group C; Tunisia and Saudi Arabia at 1 point in Group H. Both of these ties were resolved on total goal difference. Also, in both cases the teams had tied their match, so the order of ranking criteria made no difference.

If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

Ranking criteria

The first round, or group stage, saw the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of three games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16.

Group system

On 9 December 2005 the draw was held, and the group assignments and order of matches were determined. After the draw was completed, commentators remarked that Group C appeared to be the group of death, while others suggested Group E.[33][34] Argentina and the Netherlands both qualified with a game to spare with wins over Ivory Coast and Serbia and Montenegro respectively.

Pot A Pot B Pot C Pot D Special Pot


 Ivory Coast

 Czech Republic

 Costa Rica
 Saudi Arabia
 South Korea
 Trinidad and Tobago
 United States

 Serbia and Montenegro

It had been predetermined that, as the host, Germany would be placed in Group A, thus being assured of the venues of their group matches in advance of the draw. FIFA had also announced in advance that Brazil (the defending champion) would be allocated to Group F.

The eight seeded teams for the 2006 tournament were announced on 6 December 2005. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the unseeded qualifiers from South America, Africa and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the nine remaining European teams, excluding Serbia and Montenegro. Pot D contained unseeded teams from the CONCACAF region and Asia. A special pot contained Serbia and Montenegro: this was done to ensure that no group contained three European teams.[32] In the special pot, Serbia and Montenegro was drawn first, then their group was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.



Squads for the 2006 World Cup consisted of 23 players, as in the previous tournament in 2002. Each participating national association had to confirm its 23-player squad by 15 May 2006.[31]


Confederation Referee Assistants
AFC Toru Kamikawa (Japan) Yoshikazu Hiroshima (Japan)
Kim Dae-Young (South Korea)
Shamsul Maidin (Singapore) Prachya Permpanich (Thailand)
Eisa Ghoulom (United Arab Emirates)
CAF Coffi Codjia (Benin) Aboudou Aderodjou (Benin)
Célestin Ntagungira (Rwanda)
Essam Abd El Fatah (Egypt) Dramane Dante (Mali)
Mamadou N'Doye (Senegal)
CONCACAF Benito Archundia (Mexico) José Ramírez (Mexico)
Héctor Vergara (Canada)
Marco Rodríguez (Mexico) José Luis Camargo (Mexico)
Leonel Leal (Costa Rica)
CONMEBOL Horacio Elizondo (Argentina) Darío García (Argentina)
Rodolfo Otero (Argentina)
Carlos Simon (Brazil) Aristeu Tavares (Brazil)
Ednílson Corona (Brazil)
Óscar Ruiz (Colombia) José Navia (Colombia)
Fernando Tamayo (Ecuador)
Carlos Amarilla (Paraguay) Amelio Andino (Paraguay)
Manuel Bernal (Paraguay)
Uruguay) Wálter Rial (Uruguay)
Pablo Fandiño (Uruguay)
OFC Mark Shield (Australia) Nathan Gibson (Australia)
Ben Wilson (Australia)
UEFA Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium) Peter Hermans (Belgium)
Walter Vromans (Belgium)
Graham Poll (England) Philip Sharp (England)
Glenn Turner (England)
Éric Poulat (France) Lionel Dagorne (France)
Vincent Texier (France)
Markus Merk (Germany) Jan-Hendrik Salver (Germany)
Christian Schraer (Germany)
Roberto Rosetti (Italy) Alessandro Stagnelli (Italy)
Cristiano Copelli (Italy)
Valentin Ivanov (Russia) Nikolay Golubev (Russia)
Evgueni Volnin (Russia)
Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia) Roman Slyško (Slovakia)
Martin Balko (Slovakia)
Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain) Victoriano Giraldez Carrasco (Spain)
Pedro Medina Hernández (Spain)
Massimo Busacca (Switzerland) Francesco Buragina (Switzerland)
Matthias Arnet (Switzerland)

Match officials

Berlin Dortmund Munich Stuttgart
Olympiastadion Signal Iduna Park
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund)
Allianz Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich)
Capacity: 72,000[19] Capacity: 65,000[20] Capacity: 66,000[21] Capacity: 52,000[22]
Gelsenkirchen Hamburg
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen)
AOL Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg)
Capacity: 52,000[23] Capacity: 50,000[24]
Frankfurt Cologne
Commerzbank Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt)
RheinEnergie Stadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne)
Capacity: 48,000[25] Capacity: 45,000[26]
Hanover Leipzig Kaiserslautern Nuremberg
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover)
Zentralstadion Fritz-Walter-Stadion EasyCredit-Stadion
Capacity: 43,000[27] Capacity: 43,000[28] Capacity: 46,000[29] Capacity: 41,000[30]

Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of them were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors were also official FIFA sponsors.[18] For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (or in German: FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered.[18] Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadia had an UEFA 5-star ranking.

In 2006, Germany had a plethora of football stadia that satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 seats for World Cup matches. The still-standing Olympiastadion in Munich (69,250) was not used even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia; Düsseldorf's LTU Arena (51,500), Bremen's Weserstadion (43,000) and Mönchengladbach's Borussia-Park (46,249) were also unemployed during the tournament.


qualified for the final tournament: [17]The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings,

List of qualified teams

For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six confederations were represented at the finals tournament.

Australia qualified for the first time since 1974. Among the teams who failed to qualify were 2002 third-placed team Turkey and Euro 2004 winners Greece. Additionally, Belgium failed to qualify for the first time since 1978, and Cameroon failed to qualify for the first time since 1986.

Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Czech Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, and Serbia and Montenegro. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union respectively; Serbia and Montenegro had competed as Yugoslavia in 1998, as well as making up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. As of 2014, this was the last time Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, Sweden, Togo, Angola, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine and Trinidad and Tobago qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals.

198 teams attempted to qualify for the 2006 World Cup.[16] Germany, the host nation, was granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 31 finals places divided among the continental confederations. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).


[15].Issa Hayatou, who at the time was supporting Blatter's campaign for president against Mohamed Bin Hammam publicly accused Niersbach of lying, saying: "It is evident that there was a slush fund for the German World Cup application". According to Zwanziger, the 6.7 million Euros went to Theo Zwanziger The following day, former DFB president [14] and FIFA president Blatter, with the money being provided by Dreyfus. On the same day, FIFA contradicted Niersbach's statement, saying: "By our current state of knowledge, no such payment of 10 million Franks was registered by FIFA in 2002."Franz Beckenbauer According to Niersbach, the payment had been agreed upon during a meeting between [13] During a press conference on 22 October 2015, Nierbach repeated his stance, emphasizing that the 6,7 million were used in 2002 to secure a subsidy by FIFA.[12] (DFB), denied the allegations on 17 October 2015, saying that "the World Cup was not bought" and that he could "absolutely and categorically rule out the existence of a slush fund". The DFB announced they would consider seeking legal action against Der Spiegel.German Football Association, president of the Wolfgang Niersbach [9]

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