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26th Army (People's Republic of China)

 

26th Army (People's Republic of China)

26th Group Army
Country

The 26th Army was a military formation of the People's Volunteer Army (Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) or Chinese Communist Forces (CCF)) of the IX Army Group during the Korean War, and was commanded by Lieutenant General Zhang Renchu.

Currently the 26th Army is part of the Jinan Military Region.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Korean War 1.1
    • Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 1.2
  • References 2

History

Korean War

It was composed of the 76th, 77th, and 78th Divisions, and was augmented by the 88th Division from its parent unit, the 30th Army.[2]

During the Korean War, the 26th Army was commanded by Lieutenant General Zhang Renchu.

The 9th Army Group began moving into Korea on 5 November. After the 20th CCF Army had moved in, followed by the 27th CCF Army, the 26th CCF Army followed, moving east to Linjiang and Huchang as army group reserve, and defending against any advance down the Yalu River by the US Army 7th Infantry Division. On 2 December, General Song Shilun ordered the 26th CCF Army south from the Huchang River to take over the attack on Hagaru-ri. Movement of the 26th Army was slowed and delayed by air attacks. Further, according to one of the Chinese histories, some elements got lost in a snowstorm. The 26th Army failed to reach Hagaru and launch an attack on the 5th Marines. Advanced elements did reach East Hill and attempt to hold that. And, on the night of December 6, as the 1st Marine Division was attacking towards Hagaru-ri, advance elements of the 26th Army did attack the column but failed to organize a coordinated attack. The 26th CCF Army suffered some 10,000 cold casualties.[3]

Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989

In May 1989, the 26th Army’s 138th Infantry Division was airlifted to Beijing to enforce martial law and suppress the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.[4]

References

  1. ^ PLA Ground Forces
  2. ^ Appleman, Roy E. "Chapter XXXIX The Big Question". South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu.  
  3. ^ Chinese Lieutenant General Zhang Renchu, Background and History
  4. ^ Based on Wu Renhua's study. (Chinese)Wu Renhua, "进京的戒严部队和进京路线" 《1989天安门事件二十周年祭》系列之十二 Accessed 2013-06-29


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