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31st New Zealand Parliament

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Title: 31st New Zealand Parliament  
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Subject: Elections in New Zealand, Mick Connelly, Roy Jack, 1957 in New Zealand, 1956 in New Zealand
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31st New Zealand Parliament

Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament

1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th

The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.


  • 1954 general election 1
  • Sessions 2
  • Ministries 3
  • Initial composition of the 31st Parliament 4
  • By-elections during 31st Parliament 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

1954 general election

The 1954 general election was held on Saturday, 13 November.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 50 represented North Island electorates, 26 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was a gain of one electorate for the North Island from the South Island since the 1951 election.[2] 1,209,670 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 91.4%.[1]


The 31st Parliament sat for three sessions, and was prorogued on 25 October 1957.[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 22 March 1955 28 October 1955
second 4 April 1956 26 October 1956
third 11 June 1957 25 October 1957


The National Party under Sidney Holland had been in power since the 1949 election, and Holland remained in charge until 1957, when he stepped down due to ill health in September 1957 some two months prior to the 1957 election. Holland was succeeded by Keith Holyoake, but the Labour Party narrowly defeated National at the 1957 election, and the government changed in mid-December of that year.[4]

Initial composition of the 31st Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1954 general election:


 National    Labour    Independent    Social Credit  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1954[5]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton Richard Gerard 2,292 G Glassey (Labour)
Auckland Central Bill Anderton (N/A)
Avon John Mathison (N/A)
Awarua George Herron (N/A)
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan (N/A)
Buller Clarence Skinner (N/A)
Central Otago William Bodkin John George (N/A)
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane (N/A)
Clutha James Roy (N/A)
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly (N/A)
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan (N/A)
Eden Wilfred Fortune Duncan Rae (N/A)
Egmont Ernest Corbett (N/A)
Fendalton Sidney Holland (N/A)
Franklin Jack Massey (N/A)
Gisborne Harry Dudfield Reginald Keeling (N/A)
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett (N/A)
Hamilton Hilda Ross (N/A)
Hastings Sydney Jones Edwin Keating (N/A)
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland Arthur Kinsella 2,659 B W Dynes (Labour)
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker (N/A)
Heretaunga (new electorate) Phil Holloway 5,058 Allan McCready
Hobson Sidney Smith 2,584 C W Elvidge (Social Credit)
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,395 Norman Kirk (Labour)
Hutt Walter Nash 3,681 C G Costello (National)
Invercargill Ralph Hanan (N/A)
Island Bay Robert McKeen Arnold Nordmeyer (N/A)
Karori Charles Bowden Jack Marshall (N/A)
Lyttelton Harry Lake (N/A)
Manawatu Matthew Oram (N/A)
Manukau Leon Gotz (N/A)
Marlborough Tom Shand (Labour)
Marsden Alfred Murdoch Donald McKay (N/A)
Miramar Bob Semple Bill Fox (N/A)
Mornington Walter Hudson (N/A)
Mt Albert Warren Freer 3,226 Rob Muldoon (National)
Napier Peter Tait James Edwards 720 Peter Tait (National)
Nelson Edgar Neale (N/A)
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman (N/A)
North Shore Dean Eyre 1,395 Arthur Faulkner (Labour)
Oamaru Thomas Hayman (N/A)
Onehunga Hugh Watt 4,389 Alfred E. Allen (National)
Onslow Henry May Wilfred Fortune (National)
Otahuhu Leon Götz James Deas (N/A)
Otaki James Maher 963 E H Langford (Labour)
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake (N/A)
Palmerston North Blair Tennent Philip Skoglund (N/A)
Patea William Sheat Roy Jack 662 Benjamin R Winchcombe (Labour)
Petone Michael Moohan (N/A)
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald (N/A)
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone (N/A)
Rangitikei Edward Gordon Norman Shelton (N/A)
Remuera Ronald Algie 3,544 Bob Tizard (Labour)
Riccarton Angus McLagan (N/A)
Rodney Clifton Webb Jack Scott (N/A)
Roskill John Rae (N/A)
Rotorua (new electorate) Ray Boord
St Albans Jack Watts (N/A)
St Kilda Jim Barnes (N/A)
Selwyn John McAlpine (N/A)
Stratford (new electorate) Thomas Murray
Sydenham Mabel Howard (N/A)
Tamaki Eric Halstead (N/A)
Tauranga George Walsh (N/A)
Timaru Clyde Carr (N/A)
Waikato Geoffrey Sim (N/A)
Waimate Alfred Davey 1,438 Neville Pickering (Labour)
Waipa (new electorate) William Goosman
Wairarapa Bertie Cooksley Bob Wilkie[6] (Labour)
Waitakere Rex Mason (N/A)
Waitemata (new electorate) Norman King
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot David Seath (N/A)
Wallace Tom Macdonald (N/A)
Wellington Central Charles Chapman Frank Kitts (N/A)
Westland James Kent 3,605 M Wallace (National)
Whanganui Joseph Cotterill (N/A)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,094 K T Anaru (National)
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 4,435 H T Waetford (National)
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 2,864 A T Carroll (National)
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 6,637 W R Bennett (National)

By-elections during 31st Parliament

There were a number of changes during the term of the 31st Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Riccarton 1956 27 October Angus McLagan Death Mick Connelly
Bay of Plenty 1957 6 April Bill Sullivan Resignation Percy Allen


  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 173.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 142.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 86–88.
  5. ^ Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  6. ^  


  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer.  
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