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38th Congress

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38th Congress

38th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1861)

Duration: March 4, 1863 – March 4, 1865

Senate President: Hannibal Hamlin
Senate Pres. pro tem: Solomon Foot
Daniel Clark
House Speaker: Schuyler Colfax
Members: 52 Senators
184 Representatives
10 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1863 – March 14, 1863
1st: December 7, 1863 – July 4, 1864
2nd: December 5, 1864 – March 4, 1865
<37th 39th>

The Thirty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1863 to March 4, 1865, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House of Representatives had a Republican plurality.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

  • April 22, 1864: 54
  • March 3, 1865: 507

Constitutional amendment

  • January 31, 1865: 567

Treaties ratified

  • February 9, 1865: 393

States and Territories

States admitted

  • June 19, 1863: 633)
  • October 31, 1864: 30)

States seceded

Congress did not accept secession. Secessionists were not eligible for Congress, and the states of the Confederacy did not hold elections for it.

  • Already seceded in 1860-61: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee

Territory organized

  • May 26, 1864: 85

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

During this Congress, two seats were added for each of the new states of Nevada and West Virginia, thereby adding four new seats. Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

Before this Congress, the 1860 United States Census and resulting reapportionment changed the size of the House to 241 members. During this Congress, one seat was added for the new state of Nevada, and three seats were reapportioned from Virginia to the new state of West Virginia.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority/plurality caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
Independent
Republican

(IR)
Unionist
(U)
Unconditional
Unionist

(UU)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 45 106 0 30 0 2 183 57
Begin 72 85 2 9 12 0 180 61
End 84 16 183 56
Final voting share 39.3% 45.9% 1.1% 4.9% 8.7% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 40 132 1 4 14 0 191 51

Leadership


Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1868; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1864; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1866.

House by state delegations

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 2
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 2
  • interim appointments: 1
  • seats of newly admitted seats: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 4


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | West Virginia (1) | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | West Virginia admitted to the Union June 19, 1863. Seat remained vacant until August 4, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Peter G. Van Winkle (UU) | August 4, 1863 |- | West Virginia (2) | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | West Virginia admitted to the Union June 19, 1863. Seat remained vacant until August 4, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Waitman T. Willey (UU) | August 4, 1863 |- | Missouri (3) | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Robert Wilson (UU) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected for Sen. Waldo P. Johnson November 13, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | B. Gratz Brown (UU) | November 13, 1863 |- | Virginia (1) | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Lemuel J. Bowden (U) | style="font-size:80%" | Died January 2, 1864 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Delaware (1) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | James A. Bayard, Jr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 29, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | George R. Riddle (D) | February 2, 1864 |- | Maine (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William P. Fessenden (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 1, 1864 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Nathan A. Farwell (R) | October 27, 1864 |- | Nevada (1) | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | Nevada admitted to the Union October 31, 1864. Seat remained vacant until February 1, 1865 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William M. Stewart (R) | February 1, 1865 |- | Nevada (3) | New seat | style="font-size:80%" | Nevada admitted to the Union October 31, 1864. Seat remained vacant until February 1, 1865 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | James W. Nye (R) | February 1, 1865 |- | Maryland (3) | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Thomas H. Hicks (UU) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 14, 1865 | Vacant | Not filled this term |}

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted seats: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 7


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | Arizona Territory At-large | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Territory organized in previous congress. Remained vacant until December 5, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles D. Poston (R) | December 5, 1864 |- | Missouri 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | John W. Noell (UU) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 14, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John G. Scott (D) | December 7, 1863 |- | Delaware At-large | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | William Temple (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 28, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Nathaniel B. Smithers (UU) | December 7, 1863 |- | New York 14th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Erastus Corning (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 5, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John V. L. Pruyn (D) | December 7, 1863 |- | West Virginia 1st | New State | style="font-size:80%" | West Virginia admitted to the Union June 19, 1863. Seat remained vacant until December 7, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Jacob B. Blair (UU) | December 7, 1863 |- | West Virginia 2nd | New State | style="font-size:80%" | West Virginia admitted to the Union June 19, 1863. Seat remained vacant until December 7, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | William G. Brown, Sr. (UU) | December 7, 1863 |- | West Virginia 3rd | New State | style="font-size:80%" | West Virginia admitted to the Union June 19, 1863. Seat remained vacant until December 7, 1863 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Kellian Whaley (UU) | December 7, 1863 |- | Idaho Territory At-large | New Territory | style="font-size:80%" | Territory organized February 1, 1864. | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William H. Wallace (R) | February 1, 1864 |- | Illinois 5th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Owen Lovejoy (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 25, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Ebon C. Ingersoll (R) | May 20, 1864 |- | Montana Territory At-large | New Territory | style="font-size:80%" | Territory organized May 26, 1864. Seat remained vacant until January 6, 1865 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Samuel McLean (D) | January 6, 1865 |- | Missouri 1st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Francis P. Blair, Jr. (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election June 10, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#FFBBFF" | Samuel Knox (UU) | June 10, 1864 |- | Dakota Territory At-large | nowrap | William Jayne | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election June 17, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John B. S. Todd (D) | June 17, 1864 |- | New York 1st | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Henry G. Stebbins (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 24, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Dwight Townsend (D) | December 5, 1864 |- | Nevada Territory At-large | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Gordon N. Mott (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Nevada achieved statehood October 31, 1864 | colspan=2 | District eliminated |- | Nevada At-large | New State | style="font-size:80%" | Nevada admitted to the Union October 31, 1864 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Henry G. Worthington (R) | October 31, 1864 |- | New York 31st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Reuben Fenton (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 20, 1864 after being elected Governor of New York | Vacant | Not filled this term |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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