World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

39th Infantry Regiment (United States)


39th Infantry Regiment (United States)

For other units called 39th Infantry, see 39th Division
For the regiment active during the War of 1812, see 39th Infantry Regiment (War of 1812)
39th Infantry Regiment
Active 1917-
Branch United States Army
Type Infantry
Nickname "Fighting Falcons" (World War I), "AAA-O (Anything, Anytime, Anywhere, Bar Nothing)" (special designation)[1]
Motto D'une Vaillance Admirable (With A Military Courage Worthy of Admiration)
Engagements World War I
World War II
Vietnam War
Col Harry A. "Paddy" Flint
Distinctive unit insignia
U.S. Infantry Regiments
Previous Next
38th Infantry Regiment 40th Infantry Regiment

The 39th Infantry Regiment is a parent regiment in the United States Army. Originally organized for service in World War I, the 39th fought in most of the conflicts involving the United States during the 20th century, and since 1990 the 2nd Battalion has served as a training unit stationed at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.


  • Other units called "39th Infantry Regiment" 1
  • History 2
    • World War I 2.1
    • Between wars 2.2
    • World War II 2.3
    • Vietnam 2.4
    • Post-Vietnam 2.5
  • Awards and recognitions 3
    • Unit citations 3.1
    • Medals of Honor 3.2
    • Campaign streamers 3.3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Other units called "39th Infantry Regiment"

There was a 39th United States Infantry raised in Tennessee for service in the War of 1812. In 1815, after that war ended, the 39th was consolidated with the 8th and 24th Regiments to form the 7th Infantry Regiment.[2]

In the 1866 reorganization of the Regular Army after the American Civil War, Congress authorized a 39th Infantry Regiment, one of four so-called "Colored Troops" regiments with African-American enlisted men and white officers. The Army was reduced in size in 1869, and the 39th and 40th were consolidated into the 25th Infantry Regiment.


The 39th Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Syracuse, New York on 1 June 1917 by transfer of veteran troops from the 30th Infantry Regiment.

World War I

In December, the 39th was assigned to the 4th Infantry Division and in the spring of 1918, sailed for France as part of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I. Its service in this war earned the regiment its nickname "Fighting Falcons".

Between wars

During the lull between wars, the regimental crest was designed and approved. The shield is blue for infantry. The fleur-de-lis is from the coat of arms of Soissons, a town in France recaptured by the 39th Regiment in 1918. The two trees represent the Groves of Cresnes, the site of the regiment's first military success in France during World War I. The boar's head on the canton is taken from the crest of the 30th Infantry Regiment and indicates the 39th was organized with personnel from the 30th Infantry Regiment. The crest is a falcon's head, for Mount Faucon in Meuse-Argonne. The falcon holds an ivy leaf in its bill, in recognition of the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 4th Infantry Division to which the regiment was assigned during World War I. The motto "D'une Vaillance Admirable" is a quotation from the French citation which awarded the Croix De Guerre with Gilt Star to the regiment for its distinguished service in World War I. The motto best translates - "With a Military Courage Worthy of Admiration".

Shoulder sleeve insignia of the 9th Infantry Division

World War II

During World War II the regiment fought as part of the Patton said of Colonel Flint: "Paddy Flint is clearly nuts, but he fights well."[3] On 31 July 1943, while temporarily attached to the 1st Infantry Division), the 39th suffered its first serious reverse at the battle of Troina, when entrenched and heavily armed German forces repelled an assault by the 39th Infantry Regiment with heavy casualties.

Later in the war, the 39th landed at Utah Beach on 10 June 1944 (D+4) with other reinforcing units and then fought through the rugged French countryside. Colonel Flint was killed six weeks after the regiment entered combat. The regiment joined the 47th Infantry Regiment in capturing Roetgen, the first German town to fall in World War II. The 39th fought through the Battle of the Bulge, helped secure the Remagen bridgehead and moved across Germany as the allied forces finished off the last of the German resistance. In the war the 39th Regiment received campaign streamers from battles in Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily, Normandy, Northern France, The Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe. It was cited twice by the Belgians for valorous actions and awarded the Belgian Fourragère. It also received two French Croix de Guerre with Palm, the French Fourragère, and three Presidential Unit Citations.

AAA-O bar worn on the uniform of PFC John R. Hedlund during WW II


After a series of inactivations and activations spanning a 20-year period, the 2d Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment was reactivated on 1 February 1966 as part of the 9th Infantry Division at Fort Riley, Kansas. The 39th deployed in 1966 with the 9th Infantry Division to the Republic of Vietnam. The regiment participated in operation Palm Tree, the 1968 Tet battle, and the battle of the Plain of Reeds. When the 2d Battalion returned to Hawaii and deactivated in September, 1969, its battle streamers now included Counteroffensive Phase II, Counteroffensive Phase III, TET Counteroffensive, Counteroffensive Phase IV, Counteroffensive Phase V, Counteroffensive Phase VI, TET 69 Counteroffensive, and Summer-Fall 1969. The battalion had also received three Republic of Vietnam Crosses of Gallantry with Palm, the Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Medal, First Class, two Valorous Unit Awards and its fourth Presidential Unit Citation.


When the 9th Infantry Division was again reconstituted around 1972, this time at Fort Lewis, Washington, it was established again with the 2d and the 3d Battalions 39th Infantry (the 1st Battalion was serving with the 8th Infantry Division in Baumholder, Germany.) It remained a part of the active Army in the 9th Division until the "Old Reliables" were again deactivated around 1991.

Following reactivation and transfer to the Training and Doctrine Command, the 2d Battalion, 39th Infantry Regiment departed Fort Dix, New Jersey for Fort Jackson, South Carolina, arriving on 22 August 1990. The battalion is a training command for Basic Combat Training, and is part of the 165th Infantry Brigade at Fort Jackson, organized with a headquarters company and six line (training) companies, designated A through F.

The unit is commanded by Lieutenant Colonel JC Glick and the Battalion Command Sergeant Major is CSM Kenneth J. Hendrix.

Awards and recognitions

Unit citations

For its part in World Wars I, II and the Vietnam War, the 39th Infantry Regiment possesses 21 battle streamers. Its decorations include four Presidential Unit Citations, four French Croix de Guerre (two with Palm and one with Gilt Star), and the Belgian Fourageré.

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Contentin Peninsula (1st Battalion)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Cherence Le Roussel (1st Battalion)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Le Desert (2d Battalion)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered, Ding Tuong Province (2d Battalion)
  • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered, Ben Tre City, (2d and 3d Battalions {less Companies A,D and E})
  • Valorous Unit Award, Streamer embroidered, Saigon (3d and 4th Battalions)
  • French Croix de Guerre with Gold Star, World War I, Streamer embroidered, Aisne-Marne
  • Belgian Fourragere, 1940
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action on the Meuse River
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the Ardennes

Medals of Honor

Four soldiers received the U.S. Medal of Honor while serving with the 39th Infantry.

Campaign streamers

World War I
  • Aisne-Marne
  • St. Mihiel
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Champagne 1918
  • Lorraine 1918
World War II
  • Counteroffensive, Phase II
  • Counteroffensive, Phase III
  • Tet Counteroffensive
  • Counteroffensive, Phase IV
  • Counteroffensive, Phase V
  • Counteroffensive, Phase VI
  • Tet 69/Counteroffensive
  • Summer-Fall 1969


  1. ^ "Special Unit Designations".  
  2. ^ "Lineage And Honors Information, 7th Infantry (Cottonbalers)".  
  3. ^ Blumenson, Martin (1996). The Patton Papers: 1940-1945. Da Capo Press. p. 482.  

External links

  • 1st Battalion 39th INF Web Beacon
  • 39th Infantry Regiment in WWII
  • 2d Battalion 39th INF Yahoo Group
  • "Paddy" Flint's biography on the web site of the Arlington National Cemetery
  • 39th Infantry Regiment WWII Re-enactment Unit
  • Home of Echo Company, 2/39 INF (Vietnam)
  • 39th INF (Vietnam)
  • 39th INF Unit Histories in 9th Division (Vietnam)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.