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43rd Congress

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43rd Congress

43rd United States Congress
United States Capitol (1869)

Duration: March 4, 1873 – March 4, 1875

Senate President: Henry Wilson
Senate Pres. pro tem: Matthew H. Carpenter
Henry B. Anthony
House Speaker: James G. Blaine
Members: 74 Senators
292 Representatives
10 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1873 – March 26, 1873
1st: December 1, 1873 – June 23, 1874
2nd: December 7, 1874 – March 4, 1875
<42nd 44th>

The Forty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1873 to March 4, 1875, during the fifth and sixth years of Ulysses Grant's presidency . The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1870. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties

  • March 18, 1874: Hawaii signed a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Liberal
Republican

(LR)
Republican
(R)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 17 1 54 0 72 2
Begin 19 3 50 0 72 2
End 20 2 51 73 1
Final voting share 30.1% 69.9% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 26 0 46 (Independent Republican)
1
73 1

House of Representatives

Before this Congress, the 1870 United States Census and resulting reapportionment changed the size of the House to 292 members.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Independent
Democratic

(ID)
Liberal
Republican

(LR)
Republican
(R)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 97 0 3 141 (Independent Republican)
1
242 1
Begin 91 6 4 189 0 290 2
End 95 7 199
Final voting share 36.6% 63.4% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 177 1 0 102 (Independent Republican
+Independent)

7
287 5

Leadership


Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.



Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1874; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1876; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1878.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 5
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • interim appointments: 1
  • vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 7


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | Massachusetts (2) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Henry Wilson resigned in previous congress after becoming Vice President of the United States | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | George S. Boutwell (R) | March 17, 1873 |- | Mississippi (1) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Adelbert Ames (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 17, 1873 after being elected Governor of Mississippi | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Henry R. Pease (R) | February 3, 1874 |- | Kansas (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Alexander Caldwell (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 24, 1873 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Robert Crozier (R) | November 24, 1873 |- | California (1) | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Eugene Casserly (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 29, 1873 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | John S. Hager (D) | December 23, 1873 |- | Kansas (2) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Robert Crozier (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected February 2, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | James M. Harvey (R) | February 2, 1874 |- | Massachusetts (1) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles Sumner (LR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 11, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William B. Washburn (R) | April 17, 1874 |- | Connecticut (1) | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William A. Buckingham (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 5, 1875 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | William W. Eaton (D) | February 5, 1875 |}

House of Representatives


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep |- | Louisiana 4th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep-elect Samuel Peters died before taking seat | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | George L. Smith (R) | November 24, 1873 |- | Georgia 8th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep-elect Ambrose R. Wright died before taking seat | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alexander H. Stephens (D) | December 1, 1873 |- | Pennsylvania 23rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Ebenezer McJunkin (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned some time during this congress | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John M. Thompson (R) | ?????? |- | New York 6th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | James Brooks (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 30, 1873 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Samuel S. Cox (D) | November 4, 1873 |- | Massachusetts 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William Whiting (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 29, 1873 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Henry L. Pierce (R) | December 1, 1873 |- | Oregon At-large | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Joseph G. Wilson (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 2, 1873 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | James Nesmith (D) | December 1, 1873 |- | Michigan 5th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Wilder D. Foster (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 20, 1873 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William B. Williams (R) | December 1, 1873 |- | Virginia 5th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Alexander Davis (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election March 5, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Christopher Thomas (R) | March 5, 1874 |- | Georgia 1st | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Morgan Rawls (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election March 24, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Andrew Sloan (R) | March 24, 1874 |- | New York 9th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | David B. Mellish (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 23, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Richard Schell (D) | December 7, 1874 |- | Arkansas 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William W. Wilshire (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election June 16, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Thomas M. Gunter (D) | June 16, 1874 |- | Ohio 12th | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Hugh J. Jewett (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 23, 1874 after becoming President of the Erie Railroad | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | William E. Finck (D) | December 7, 1874 |- | New York 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Stewart L. Woodford (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 1, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Simeon B. Chittenden (IR) | November 3, 1874 |- | South Carolina 3rd | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Robert B. Elliott (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 1, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Lewis C. Carpenter (R) | November 3, 1874 |- | Illinois 1st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | John B. Rice (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 17, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Bernard G. Caulfield (D) | February 1, 1875 |- | Massachusetts 10th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Alvah Crocker (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 26, 1874 | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles A. Stevens (R) | January 27, 1875 |- | Florida At-large | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | William J. Purman (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 25, 1875 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Maine 4th | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | Samuel F. Hersey (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 3, 1875 | Vacant | Not filled this term |- | Louisiana 1st | nowrap style="background:#FFB6B6" | J. Hale Sypher (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election March 3, 1875 | nowrap style="background:#B0CEFF" | Effingham Lawrence (D) | March 3, 1875 |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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