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83rd United States Congress

 

83rd United States Congress

83rd United States Congress
82nd ← → 84th

United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955

Senate President: Alben W. Barkley (D) (until Jan 20, 1953)
Richard Nixon (R) (from Jan 20, 1953)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Styles Bridges (R)
House Speaker: Joseph William Martin, Jr. (R)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1953 – August 3, 1953
2nd: January 6, 1954 – December 2, 1954

The Eighty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1953 to January 3, 1955, during the first two years of the first administration of U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower.

Contents

  • Major events 1
  • Major legislation 2
    • Key Votes 2.1
      • Senate 2.1.1
      • House of Representatives 2.1.2
  • Party summary 3
    • Senate 3.1
    • House of Representatives 3.2
  • Leadership 4
    • Senate 4.1
      • Majority (Republican) leadership 4.1.1
      • Minority (Democratic) leadership 4.1.2
    • House of Representatives 4.2
      • Majority (Republican) leadership 4.2.1
      • Minority (Democratic) leadership 4.2.2
  • Members 5
    • Senate 5.1
      • Alabama 5.1.1
      • Arizona 5.1.2
      • Arkansas 5.1.3
      • California 5.1.4
      • Colorado 5.1.5
      • Connecticut 5.1.6
      • Delaware 5.1.7
      • Florida 5.1.8
      • Georgia 5.1.9
      • Idaho 5.1.10
      • Illinois 5.1.11
      • Indiana 5.1.12
      • Iowa 5.1.13
      • Kansas 5.1.14
      • Kentucky 5.1.15
      • Louisiana 5.1.16
      • Maine 5.1.17
      • Maryland 5.1.18
      • Massachusetts 5.1.19
      • Michigan 5.1.20
      • Minnesota 5.1.21
      • Mississippi 5.1.22
      • Missouri 5.1.23
      • Montana 5.1.24
      • Nebraska 5.1.25
      • Nevada 5.1.26
      • New Hampshire 5.1.27
      • New Jersey 5.1.28
      • New Mexico 5.1.29
      • New York 5.1.30
      • North Carolina 5.1.31
      • North Dakota 5.1.32
      • Ohio 5.1.33
      • Oklahoma 5.1.34
      • Oregon 5.1.35
      • Pennsylvania 5.1.36
      • Rhode Island 5.1.37
      • South Carolina 5.1.38
      • South Dakota 5.1.39
      • Tennessee 5.1.40
      • Texas 5.1.41
      • Utah 5.1.42
      • Vermont 5.1.43
      • Virginia 5.1.44
      • Washington 5.1.45
      • West Virginia 5.1.46
      • Wisconsin 5.1.47
      • Wyoming 5.1.48
    • House of Representatives 5.2
      • Alabama 5.2.1
      • Arizona 5.2.2
      • Arkansas 5.2.3
      • California 5.2.4
      • Colorado 5.2.5
      • Connecticut 5.2.6
      • Delaware 5.2.7
      • Florida 5.2.8
      • Georgia 5.2.9
      • Idaho 5.2.10
      • Illinois 5.2.11
      • Indiana 5.2.12
      • Iowa 5.2.13
      • Kansas 5.2.14
      • Kentucky 5.2.15
      • Louisiana 5.2.16
      • Maine 5.2.17
      • Maryland 5.2.18
      • Massachusetts 5.2.19
      • Michigan 5.2.20
      • Minnesota 5.2.21
      • Mississippi 5.2.22
      • Missouri 5.2.23
      • Montana 5.2.24
      • Nebraska 5.2.25
      • Nevada 5.2.26
      • New Hampshire 5.2.27
      • New Jersey 5.2.28
      • New Mexico 5.2.29
      • New York 5.2.30
      • North Carolina 5.2.31
      • North Dakota 5.2.32
      • Ohio 5.2.33
      • Oklahoma 5.2.34
      • Oregon 5.2.35
      • Pennsylvania 5.2.36
      • Rhode Island 5.2.37
      • South Carolina 5.2.38
      • South Dakota 5.2.39
      • Tennessee 5.2.40
      • Texas 5.2.41
      • Utah 5.2.42
      • Vermont 5.2.43
      • Virginia 5.2.44
      • Washington 5.2.45
      • West Virginia 5.2.46
      • Wisconsin 5.2.47
      • Wyoming 5.2.48
      • Non-voting members 5.2.49
  • Changes in membership 6
    • Senate 6.1
    • House of Representatives 6.2
  • Employees 7
    • House of Representatives 7.1

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950.

Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

President Eisenhower signs the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.

Key Votes

Senate

Legislation Party Yea Nay
Formosa Policy Democrats 12 32
January 28, 1955 Republicans 1 42
Rejected 13 74
China Mutual Defense Treaty Democrats 9 33
February 9, 1955 Republicans 1 27
Rejected 10 60
Raising Congressional Salaries Democrats 30 13
February 23, 1955 Republicans 32 11
Passed 62 24

House of Representatives

Legislation Party Yea Nay
Raising Congressional Salaries Democrats 166 59
February 16, 1955 Republicans 117 59
Passed 283 118
Reciprocal Trade Extension Democrats 80 140
February 18, 1955 Republicans 119 66
Rejected 199 206
Reciprocal Trade Extension Democrats 186 35
February 18, 1955 Republicans 109 75
Passed 295 110
Taxation Democrats 16 205
February 25, 1955 Republicans 189 5
Rejected 205 210

Party summary

Senate

House of Representatives

221 Republicans, 213 Democrats, 1 Independent

Total Membership: 435 Representatives, 2 Delegates, 1 Resident Commissioner

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Within each state, senators are listed in order of seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
North Carolina
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Willis Smith (D)

Died June 25, 1953 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Alton Lennon (D)

July 10, 1953
New Hampshire
(3)
Charles W. Tobey (R) Died July 24, 1953 Robert W. Upton (R) August 14, 1953
Ohio
(3)
Robert A. Taft (R) Died July 31, 1953. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Thomas A. Burke (D)

November 10, 1953
Nebraska
(2)
Dwight Griswold (R) Died April 12, 1954 Eva Bowring (R) April 16, 1954
North Carolina
(3)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Clyde R. Hoey (D)

Died May 12, 1954 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Sam Ervin (D)

June 5, 1954
Wyoming
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Lester C. Hunt (D)

Died June 19, 1954. Edward D. Crippa (R) June 24, 1954
Nebraska
(1)
Hugh A. Butler (R) Died July 1, 1954 Samuel W. Reynolds (R) July 3, 1954
South Carolina
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Burnet R. Maybank (D)

Died September 1, 1954. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Charles E. Daniel (D)

September 6, 1954
Nevada
(3)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Pat McCarran (D)

Died September 28, 1954 Ernest S. Brown (R) October 1, 1954
Nebraska
(1)
Samuel W. Reynolds (R) Successor elected November 7, 1954 Roman Hruska (R) November 8, 1954
Nebraska
(2)
Eva Bowring (R) Successor elected November 7, 1954 Hazel Abel (R) November 8, 1954
New Hampshire
(3)
Robert W. Upton (R) Successor elected November 7, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. Norris Cotton (R) November 8, 1954
North Carolina
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Alton Lennon (D)

Successor elected November 28, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" W. Kerr Scott (D)

November 29, 1954
Wyoming
(2)
Edward D. Crippa (R) Successor elected November 28, 1954. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Joseph C. O'Mahoney (D)

November 29, 1954
Nevada
(3)
Ernest S. Brown (R) Successor elected December 1, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Alan Bible (D)

December 2, 1954
Ohio
(3)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Thomas A. Burke (D)

Successor elected December 2, 1954. Lost special election to fill seat. George H. Bender (R) December 16, 1954
South Carolina
(2)
_name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Charles E. Daniel (D)

Resigned December 23, 1954. _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" Strom Thurmond (D)

December 24, 1954
Nebraska
(2)
Hazel Abel (R) Resigned December 31, 1954 Carl Curtis (R) January 1, 1955

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Georgia 2nd Vacant Rep. Edward E. Cox died during previous congress _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap J. L. Pilcher (D)

February 4, 1953
Illinois 7th Vacant Rep. Adolph J. Sabath died during previous congress _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap James Bowler (D)

July 7, 1953
Virginia 5th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Thomas B. Stanley (D)

resigned February 3, 1953 to run for Governor of Virginia _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap William M. Tuck (D)

April 14, 1953
South Carolina 4th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Joseph R. Bryson (D)

Died March 10, 1953 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Robert T. Ashmore (D)

June 2, 1953
Kentucky 2nd _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Garrett L. Withers (D)

Died April 30, 1953 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap William H. Natcher (D)

August 1, 1953
Wisconsin 9th Merlin Hull (R) Died May 17, 1953 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Lester Johnson (D)

October 13, 1953
California 24th Norris Poulson (R) Resigned June 11, 1953 after being elected Mayor of Los Angeles Glenard P. Lipscomb (R) November 10, 1953
New Jersey 6th Clifford P. Case (R) Resigned August 16, 1953 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Harrison A. Williams (D)

November 3, 1953
Hawaii Territory At-large Joseph R. Farrington (R) Resigned June 19, 1954 Elizabeth P. Farrington (R) August 4, 1954
New York 8th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Louis B. Heller (D)

Resigned July 21, 1954 after being appointed judge of the Court of Special Sessions of New York City Vacant Not filled this term
Georgia 4th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap A. Sidney Camp (D)

Died July 24, 1954 _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap John J. Flynt, Jr. (D)

November 2, 1954
Michigan 3rd Paul W. Shafer (R) Died August 17, 1954 Vacant Not filled this term
Ohio 15th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Robert T. Secrest (D)

Resigned September 26, 1954 Vacant Not filled this term
New Hampshire 2nd Norris Cotton (R) Resigned November 7, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Nebraska 2nd Roman Hruska (R) Resigned November 8, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Florida 6th _name1 = "electronvolt", _symbol = "eV", utype = "energy per chemical amount", scale = 96485.329522144162, prefixes = 1, default = "kJ/mol", link = "Electronvolt",
   },

}

return { extra_units = extra_units }style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap Dwight L. Rogers (D)

Died December 1, 1954 Vacant Not filled this term
Ohio 15th George H. Bender (R) Resigned December 15, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Nebraska 1st Carl Curtis (R) Resigned December 31, 1954 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
New York 21st Jacob K. Javits (R) Resigned December 31, 1954 after being elected New York Attorney General Vacant Not filled this term

Employees

  • J. George Stewart (September 30, 1954-January 3, 1955)

House of Representatives

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