Abd Al-Qadir Al-Jilani

Saint
Abdul Qadir al-jilani
Sheikh,
File:Grave of Abdul Qadir Jilani..jpg
Grave of Abdul Qadir Jilani (Baghdad, Iraq)
Born Abdul Qadir
c. (1077-03-18)18 March 1077
Amol, Iran
Died 15 January 1166(1166-01-15) (aged 88)
Baghdad, Iraq
Cause of death natural causes
Resting place Grave of Abdul Qadir, Baghdad, Iraq.
Nationality Iraqi
Other names Sheikh, Abdul Qadir al-Jilani
Religion Sunni Islam
Parents Abu Salih (father), Umm Khair Fatima (mother).

Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (Arabic: عبد القادر الجيلاني‎), (Kurdish: Evdilqadirê Geylanî, Persian: عبد القادر گیلانی‎,Urdu: عبد القادر آملی گیلانیAbdolqāder Gilāni, Bengali: আব্দুল কাদের জিলানী (রহ.)) Al-Sayyid Muhiyudin Abu Muhammad Abdal Qadir Al-Jilani Al-Hasani Wal-Hussaini (born the first day of Ramadan, 470, in the town of Na'if, district of Gilan, Ilam Province, Iran, died 11 Rabīʿ ath-Thānī 561 AH, in Baghdad, 1077–1166 CE), was a famous Hanbali Salafiyyah jurist and Sufi based in Baghdad, patronym of the Qadiriyya order.

Family

Al-Gilani was born in 1077, in Nif, Persia.[1][2] He and His family was from a line of the Hanbali school of jurisprudence. His father was Abu Salih Musa al-Hasani, a descendant of Hazrat Imam Hasan, the eldest son of Ali, Muhammad's first cousin, and the husband of Fatima, Muhammad's daughter. Al-Gilani's mother was the daughter of Abdullah Sawmai, a descendant of Imam Husain, the younger son of Ali and Fatima. Thus, Al-Gilani was both a Hasani and Hussaini Sayyid.

Name

Within Al-Gilani's full name, al-Sayyid Muhiyudin Abu Muhammad Abdal Qadir al-Jilani al-Hasani wal-Hussaini, the word Sayyid denotes his descent from Muhammad.[3] The name Muhiyudin describes him as a "reviver of religion".[4] The phrase, al-Jilani refers to Al Gilani's region of birth.[5][6] However, Al-Gilani also carried the epithet, al-Baghdadi.[7][8][9] referring to his residence and burial in Baghdad. The phrase al-Hasani wal-Hussaini affirms his lineal descent from both Hasan ibn Ali and Hussein ibn Ali, the grandsons of Muhammad.[10][11] He was a Najib al-tarafayn Sayyid.

Paternal heritage

Al Gilani's father was a Sayyid.[12][13] He was respected as a saint would be, by the people of his day and was known as "Jangi Dost", (one who loves God), thus "Jangidost" was his sobriquet.[14][15][16]

Views

In his book, Ghuniyya-t at-Talibeen, Abdul-Qadir Gilani said,

"There are 73 groups as foretold by Sayyadina Rasulullah (Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam). The group which will be saved from the fire of Hell is the Ahl as-Sunnah Wal Jama'ah."

Education

Al Gilani spent his early life in Naif, the town of his birth. In 1095, at the age of eighteen years, he went to Baghdad. There, he pursued the study of Hanbali law. Abu Ali al-Mukharrimi gave Al Gilani lessons in Fiqh. He was given lessons about Hadith by Abu Bakr ibn Muzaffar. He was given lessons about Tafsir by Abu Muhammad Ja'far, a commentator. In Tasawwuf, his spiritual instructor was Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas. Detailed description of his various teachers and subjects are included below. After completing his education, Gilani left Baghdad. He spent twenty-five years as a reclusive wanderer in the desert regions of Iraq.

Subject Shaykh (Teacher)
Fiqh (Islamid Jurisprudence) Abu Al Wafae Ali ibn Aqeel Hanbali
Fiqh (Islamid Jurisprudence) Abu Al Hasan Mohd. ibn Qazi Abu Yali
Fiqh (Islamid Jurisprudence) Abu Al Khatab Mahfuz Hanbali
Fiqh (Islamid Jurisprudence) Muhammad ibn Al Husnayn
Fiqh (Islamid Jurisprudence) Qazi Abu Saeed Mubarak ibn Ali al-Mukharrami
Tasawwuf (Sufism) Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas
Tasawwuf (Sufism) Abu Zakariay ibn Yahya ibn Ali Al Tabrezi
Hadith Abu Bakr ibn Muzaffar
Hadith Mohd. Ibn Al Hasan Baqalai Abu Sayeed

Mohd. ibn Abdul Kareem

Hadith Abu Al Ghanaem Mohd. Ibn Mohd Ali Ibn Maymoon Al Farsi
Hadith Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Al Muzaffar
Hadith Abu Jafer Ibn Ahmad Ibn Al Hussain Al Qari
Hadith Abu Al Qasim Ali Ibn Mohd. Ibn Banaan Al Karkhi
Hadith Abu Talib Abdul Qadri Ibn Mohd. Yusuf
Hadith Abdul Rahman Ibn Ahmad Abu Al Barkat Hibtaallah Ibn Al Mubarak
Hadith Abu Al Nasr Ibn Il Mukhtar
Hadith Abu Nasr Muhammad
Hadith Abu Ghalib Ahmad
Hadith Abu Abdullah Aulad Ali Al Bana
Hadith Abu Al Hasan Al Mubarak Ibn Al Teyvari
Hadith Abu Mansur Abdurahman Al Taqrar
Hadith Abu Mansur Abdurahman Al Taqrar

[17]

Later life

In 1127, Al Gilani returned to Baghdad and began to preach in public.[1] He joined the teaching staff of the school belonging to his teacher al-Mukharrimii and was popular with students. In the morning he taught hadith and tafsir, and in the afternoon held discourse on the science of the hearts and the virtues of the Qur'an. He was said to have been a convincing preacher and converted numerous Jews and Christians. His strength came in the reconciling of the mystical nature of the Sufi and strict nature of the Qur'an.[1] He felt it important to control egotism and worldliness to submit to God.

Death and burial

Al Gilani died in the evening on Saturday 1166 (11 Rabi'us sani 561AH) at the age of ninety-one years (by the Islamic calendar).[18] His body was entombed in a shrine within his madrassa in Babul-Sheikh, Resafa (East bank of the Tigris) in Baghdad, Iraq.[19][20][21] Worldwide, the Sufi orders celebrate "Ghouse-al-azham day" on the date of Al Gilani's death.

Books

  • Futuh al-Ghaib (Revelations of the Unseen)

78 discourses, fairly short and to the point but very powerful.

  • Al-Fath ar-Rabbani (The Sublime Revelation)

62 discourses definitely longer, given in the Ribaat and Madrasa in Baghdad AH 545-546.

  • Jala' al-Khawatir (The Removal of Cares)

45 discourses, also in the same locations, given in the year AH 546.

  • Malfuzat (Utterances of Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir)

This is a collection of various sayings and short sections of what the Shaikh said.Generally it is found at the end of the hand copied Arabic manuscripts of Fath ar-Rabbani.

  • Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq(Sufficient Provision for Seekers of the Path of Truth)

also known in the Indian sub-continent as Al-Ghunya li-Talibin These five volumes, written by the Shaikh at the request of one of his murids, is a comprehensive guide to all aspects of Islam, both the inward and the outward.

  • Khamsata 'Ashara Maktuban (Fifteen Letters)

These are 15 letters originally written in Persian by Shaikh 'Abd al-Qadir to one of his murids.

  • Al-Fuyudat al-Rabbaniyya (Emanations of Lordly Grace)
  • Bashair al-Khairat (Glad Tidings of Good Things)

A Salawat by Shaykh Abd al-Qadir by way of inspiration from Allah.

  • Kitab Sirr al-Asrar wa Mazhar al-Anwar

(The Book of the Secret of Secrets and the Manifestation of Lights)

Descendants

  • Sir Al-Asrar (Secret of secrets) (English translation)

See also

Bibliography

  • Sayings of Shaikh Abd al-Qadir al-Jīlānī Malfūzāt, Holland, Mutah (translator). S. Abdul Majeed & Co, Kuala Lumpur (1994) ISBN 1-882216-03-2.
  • Fifteen letters, khamsata ashara maktūban / Shaikh Abd Al-Qādir Al-Jīlānī. Translated from Persian to Arabic by Alī usāmu ́D-Dīn Al-Muttaqī. Translated from Arabic into English by Muhtar Holland.
  • Kamsata ašara maktūban. First edition. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn, ʿAlī B., ʿAbd al-Malik al- Muttaqī al-Hindī (about 1480–1567) and Muhtar Holland (1935-). Al-Baz publications, Hollywood, Florida. (1997) ISBN 1-882216-16-4.
  • Jalā Al-Khawātir: a collection of forty-five discourses of Shaikh Abd Al-Qādir Al-Jīlānī, the removal of cares. Chapter 23, pg 308. Jalā al-Khawātir, Holland, Mutah (1935-) (translator). Al-Baz publications, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1997) ISBN 1-882216-13-X.
  • The sultan of the saints: mystical life and teachings of Shaikh Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani / Muhammad Riaz Qadiri Qadiri, Muhammad Riyaz. Gujranwala, Abbasi publications. (2000) ISBN 969-8510-16-8.
  • The sublime revelation: al-Fath ar-Rabbānī, a collection of sixty-two discourses / Abd al-Qādir al- Jīlānī, Second edition. al-Rabbānī, al-Fath. Al-Baz publications, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1998). ISBN 1-882216-02-4.
  • Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din, (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion), Parts one and two in Arabic. Al-Qadir, Abd, Al-Gaylani. Dar Al-Hurya, Baghdad, Iraq, (1988).
  • Al-Ghunya li-talibi tariq al-haqq wa al-din, (Sufficient provision for seekers of the path of truth and religion.) in Arabic. Introduced by Al-Kilani, Majid Irsan. Dar Al-Khair, Damascus, Bairut, (2005).
  • Encyclopædia Iranica.

References

External links

  • "160 names and titles of 'Abdu-l Qadir al-Jilani".
  • "Shaikh Muhyi'din 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani" website.
  • "Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani." Links.
  • "Al-Baz publications." website.
  • "Abdul Qadir Jilani" Lists of works and excerpts.
  • "Purification of the Mind (Jila' Al-Khatir)" complete work.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.