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Acanthodrilidae

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Title: Acanthodrilidae  
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Subject: Fauna of Australia, Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae, Haplotaxida, Eudrilidae, Earthworm
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Acanthodrilidae

Acanthodrilidae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Order: Haplotaxida
Suborder: Lumbricina
Family: Acanthodrilidae
Genera

Acanthodrilus
Aleodrilus
Balanteodrilus
Chilota
Conicodrilus
Decachaetus
Deinodrilus
Deltania
Dinodriloides
Diplocardia
Diplotrema including Eodrilus
Eudinodriloides
Geodrilus
Hegesipyle
Hoplochaetina
Lavellodrilus
Leptodrilus
Leucodrilus
Maoridrilus
Microdrilus
Microscolex
Naillenia
Neochaeta
Neodrilus
Notiodrilus
Omahania
Omodeona
Parachilota
Perieodrilus
Photodrilus
Plagiochaeta
Sylvodrilus
Udeina
Wegeneriella
Yagansia
Zapotecia

The Acanthodrilidae are an ancient and widely distributed family of earthworms which has native representatives in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South America, and North America. No native species are known from India (cf. Octochaetidae) nor Asia. The family possibly shows a pre-Pangaean distribution.

Membership requires an 'acanthodriline' arrangement of male pores and holoic nephridia.

Sources

  • Blakemore, R.J. (2005). Whither Octochaetidae? – its family status reviewed. In: Advances in Earthworm Taxonomy II. Eds. A.A. & V.V. Pop. Proceedings IOTM2, Cluj University Press. Romania. Pp. 63-84. http://bio-eco.eis.ynu.ac.jp/eng/database/earthworm/Octochaetidae5.doc .
  • Blakemore, R.J. (2006). Revised Key to Earthworm Families (Ch. 9). In: A Series of Searchable Texts on Earthworm Biodiversity, Ecology and Systematics from Various Regions of the World – 2nd Edition (2006). Eds.: N. Kaneko & M.T. Ito. COE Soil Ecology Research Group, Yokohama National University, Japan. CD-ROM Publication. Website: http://bio-eco.eis.ynu.ac.jp/eng/database/earthworm/.
  • Michaelsen, W. (1900). Das Tierreich 10: Vermes, Oligochaeta. Friedländer & Sohn, Berlin. Pp. xxix+575, figs. 1-13. Online here: http://www.archive.org/details/oligochaeta10mich.
  • Stephenson, J. (1930). The Oligochaeta. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Pp. 978.

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