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African deities

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African deities

Further information: African traditional religion and African diasporic religions

This is a list of African deities with a brief description of their attributes.

Akan

Ashanti

  • Anansi - Depicted in numerous forms: a spider, a human or combinations thereof. Known as a trickster.
  • Asase Ya - Earth goddess of fertility
  • Nyame - The supreme god of the Ashanti people

Dahomey

Diaspora

  • Mami Wata - Goddess of Beauty (one of the water spirits); Accompanied by a snake and wealth.

Efik


Igbo

Main article: Odinani
  • Chukwu - the supreme deity in Odinani
  • Aha Njoku - goddess responsible for yams, which were an ingredient important in the Igbo diet, and the women who care for them.
  • Ala - earth goddess and goddess of fertility.
  • Amadioha - god of thunder and lightning
  • Ikenga - god of fortune and industry
  • Agwu - god of medicine men, god of divination and healing
  • Anyanwu - sun goddess
  • Ekwensu - Trickster god
  • Aro - god of judgment (also seen as the Supreme god's "Chukwu's" agent of judgment.)
  • Ogbunabali - Igbo god of death

Khoisan

Lugbara

Lunda

!Xũ

  • Mantis
  • Prishiboro

Lotuko

  • Ajok

Maasai / Gikuyu

Main article: Maasai mythology
  • Ngai - Supreme god, lives on the holy mountain Kirinyaga (Mount Kenya). (Maasai)

Oromo

  • Waaq - (Ororomo) Single supreme and universal deity (creator of day and night)

Pygmy

Rastafari

  • Jah - A name for God (Rastafari)

Sawar (Cameroon)

  • Jengu - (Sawa) deity of water spirits (also, the name for the water spirits themselves)

Serer

  • Roog - supreme and creator deity, god of the heavens, used by the Serers especially the non-Cangins
  • Koox - similar to Roog, sky deity, god of rain, used by the Saafi
  • Kopé Tiatie Cac - god grandfather, used by the Ndut[1]
  • Kokh Kox - similar to Koox used by the Noon[1]
  • Takhar - god of justice and vengeance[2]
  • Tiurakh - god of wealth[2]
  • Kumba Njaay - mother goddess, earth goddess[3]
  • Pangool - the protectors and ancient Serer saints and ancestral spirits represented by snakes, interceders[4]

Shona

  • Mwari - (Shona people of Zimbabwe)
  • Nyadenga - (Shona people of Zimbabwe)
  • Musikavanhu - "The Creator" (Shona people of Zimbabwe)
  • Nyami Nyami - "The River Snake" God of the Zambezi River

Tumbuka

Yoruba

Main article: Yoruba deities
  • Babalu Aye - deity of disease and illness.
  • Eshu messenger between human and divine, god of crossroads
  • Nana - female deity of creation, sky mother, associated with the moon.
  • Obatala father of orishas and humankind
  • Ogoun deity of iron, war, labour, and technology
  • Olorun creator of the universe, sky father
  • Orunmila - deity of wisdom, divination and foresight
  • Oshun goddess of rivers, love, fertility, and art
  • Oxossi hunter and the scout of the orishas
  • Oya warrior goddess of wind, hurricanes, and underworld gates
  • Shango warrior god of thunder, fire, sky father
  • Iemanja divine mother goddess, divine goddess of the sea and Mother of mankind
  • Ozain He owns the Omiero, a holy liquid consisting of many herbs, liquid through which all Saints and ceremonies have to go through. Ozain owns the herbs, is a natural healer.
  • Agayu - Father of Shango he is also said to be shango's brother in other stories, Agayu is said to be the orisha of volcanoes and the desert.
  • Osun - ruler of the head, Ori

Other

  • Jeebo

Waaqaa and Waaqefennaa - The oromos of Ethiopia, the Ethnic majority in the country follows different religions including Christianity,Isalam and Waaqefanna.

Waaqeefanna - means worshiping God. Waaqa means the supreme God. The oromo people gather every year near Bushooftu lake of Bushooftuu town, east and very close to Finfinnee(Addis Ababa), the capital city of Ethiopia. Several tourists from around the world attend this ceremony each year.

See also

References

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