World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Afrikaner Bond

The Afrikaner Bond (Afrikaans and Dutch for "Afrikaner Union"; South African Dutch: Afrikander Bond) was founded as an anti-Imperialist political party in 19th century southern Africa. While its origins were largely in the Orange Free State, it came to have a significant presence across the region, and especially in the Cape Colony and the Transvaal.[1]:85

The Afrikaner Bond was distinct from the later Afrikaner Broederbond which, while similarly named, professed a considerably more extreme ideology.


  • Formation and parent organisations 1
  • Ideology 2
  • Governance in the Cape 3
  • References 4

Formation and parent organisations

The original Afrikaner Bond was formed by the union in 1881 of the Genootskap vir Regte Afrikaners (Society of True Afrikaners) of Rev S.J. du Toit, and the Zuidafrikaansche Boeren Beschermings Vereeniging (South African Farmers' Protection Association) of Jan Hendrik Hofmeyr.

Instrumental in this union and the resultant establishment of the Bond party across southern Africa was a German named Borckenhagen who lived in Bloemfontein. Borckenhagen in turn influenced an Afrikaner named Reitz, who afterwards became the state secretary of the Transvaal.


As stated by Borckenhagen, the Afrikaner Bond was established for "..the States of South Africa to be federated in one independent republic.", free from British Imperialism.[2]:50-51 However the Cape Colony branch of the bond was less extreme in its republicanism and more inclined to cohabit with indirect British rule.

The Afrikaner Bond, as established in 1881, claimed to represent all those who considered Africa to be their home, rather than Europe. These so-defined "Afrikanders" were predominantly white farmers of Dutch extraction, though the initial bond was explicitly defined as a non-racial organisation, open to people of all races. Its stated aim was to advance "Afrikander" interests from the Cape to the Limpopo River.[3]

Governance in the Cape

Although frequently having a majority in the Cape Parliament, it never governed directly, generally forming coalitions with English speaking politicians. These included the Thomas Scanlen ministry, the administration of Cecil John Rhodes with which it split after the Jameson Raid and John X. Merriman, the last Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, 1908–1910, prior to the formation of the Union of South Africa on 31 May 1910. After Union, it ceased to be an independent party, merging with the South African Party of the Cape, Het Volk of the Transvaal and Orangia Unie of the Orange Free State to form a new Union-wide South African Party.

In 1882 it was able to have Dutch recognised as an official language of the Cape Colony.


  1. ^ Hensman, Howard (1901). Cecil Rhodes; a study of a career. Edinburgh, London: W. Blackwood and sons. 
  2. ^ Worsfold, W. Basil (1906). Lord Milner's work in South Africa. E.P. Dutton and Company. 
  3. ^ J.L.McCracken: The Cape Parliament. Clarendon Press: Oxford. 1967.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.