World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000321928
Reproduction Date:

Title: Agnihotra  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Agni, Arya Samaj, Yajna, Nitya karma, Sandhyavandanam
Collection: Yajna
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A Brahmin priest making offerings of ghee (clarified butter) into a sacred fire.

Agnihotra (अग्निहोत्र) is a Vedic yajña (ritual or sacrifice) performed in Hindu communities. It is mentioned in the Atharvaveda (11:7:9) and described in detail in the Yajurveda Samhita and the Shatapatha Brahmana (12:4:1). The Vedic form of the ritual is still performed by the Nambudiri Brahmins of Kerala [1] and by a small number of Vaidiki Brahmins in South Asia.[2] Modern versions of the Agnihotra are promoted by various individuals and groups as a non-sectarian ritual for the healing and purification of the atmosphere and as a primary source of vibhuti or sacred ash.[3]


  • The Vedic Agnihotra 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The Vedic Agnihotra

The central part of the Agnihotra consists of making two offerings of brown rice (unpolished) into the fire exactly at, slightly before, or even after the time of sunset and sunrise, along with Vedic mantras that relate the fire and the sun to each other: 'agnir jyotir, jyotiḥ sūryaḥ svāhā' in the evening, but the reverse 'sūryo jyotir, jyotir agniḥ svāhā' in the morning. This preserves the sun over night, which is also one of the interpretations of the ritual given in the Samhitas and Brahmanas.[4]

This small rite is surrounded by a large number of additional actions and is followed by the worship of the three (or five) sacred fires (agny-upasthāna). The ritual is performed by a Brahmin priest for his own or the benefit of a sponsor (yajamāna). The Vedic Agnihotra takes about 15 minutes in current performances.

There is a simplied version of the Agnihotra in the Grihyasutras and in later post-Vedic texts.

See also


  1. ^ Swami Parmeshwaranand (1997), Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Puranas, Sarup & Sons, p. 906,  
  2. ^ Bhatt, G.P. (2003), Skanda Purana Pt. 19 (Aitm Vol. 67) Ancient Indian Tradition And Mythology, Volume 67, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd., p. 346,  
  3. ^ Dhar, Bharat B. (2001), Proceedings of the 27th International Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes, Volume 2, Oxford & IBH Pub. Co. Pvt. Ltd., p. 1167,  
  4. ^ H.W. Bodewitz. The daily evening and morning offering (Agnihotra) according to the Brāhmaṇas. Leiden : Brill, 1976

External links

  • Online Course for Basic Vedic Mantras & rituals for Brahmins Online Vedic Courses to learn from Home
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.