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Aikanã language

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Title: Aikanã language  
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Subject: Indigenous languages of the Americas, Kwaza language, Language isolate, List of language families, Classification schemes for Southeast Asian languages
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Aikanã language

Tubarão, Huari
Native to Brazil
Region Rondônia
Native speakers
200  (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tba
Glottolog aika1237[2]

Aikanã (sometimes called Tubarão,[3] Corumbiara/Kolumbiara, or Huari/Uari/Wari) is an endangered language isolate[1] spoken by about 200 Aikanã people in Rondônia,[4] Brazil. It is morphologically complex and has SOV word order.[5] Aikanã uses the Latin script. The people live with speakers of Koaia (Kwaza).



Oral vowels
Front Central Back
Close i y u
Mid ɛ ø a~ə
Nasal vowels
Front Central Back
Close ĩ ũ
Mid ɛ̃
Open ã


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ñ /ɲ/
Stop p /p/
b /b/
t /t/
d /d/
k /k/ /ʔ/
Fricative s /s/
th /ð/
j/h /h/
Affricates ts /t͡s~t͡ʃ/
Trills r /r/
Approximant w /w/ l /l/ y /j~ʒ/


  1. ^ a b "Theoretical and social implications of language documentation and description on the eve of destruction in Rondônia". 2007. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Aikanã". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ A Grammar of Kwaza. Walter de Gruyter. 2004. p. 9.  
  4. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code:tba". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  5. ^ "Aikana Language and the Aikanã Indian Tribe". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  6. ^ "Aikana Pronunciation Guide". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  • Alain Fabre, 2005, Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: AIKANA[1]
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