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Air Freight

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Title: Air Freight  
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Air Freight

Cargo airlines (or airfreight carriers, and derivatives of these names) are airlines dedicated to the transport of cargo. Some cargo airlines are divisions or subsidiaries of larger passenger airlines.


Air transport is a vital component of many international logistics networks, essential to managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. It is difficult or nearly impossible to accomplish any international trading, global export/import processes, international repositioning of raw materials/products and manufacturing without a professional logistical support. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging. The operating responsibility of logistics is the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories where required at the lowest cost possible.[1]

Aircraft used

Larger cargo airlines tend to use new or recently built aircraft to carry their freight, but many use older aircraft, like the Boeing 707, Boeing 727, Douglas DC-8, DC-10, MD-11, Boeing 747, and the Ilyushin Il-76. Examples of the 60-year-old Douglas DC-3 are still flying around the world carrying cargo (as well as passengers). Short range turboprop airliners such as the An-12, An-26, Fokker Friendship, and British Aerospace ATP are now being modified to accept standard air freight pallets to extend their working lives. This normally involves the replacement of glazed windows with opaque panels, the strengthening of the cabin floor and insertion of a broad top-hinged door in one side of the fuselage.

Antonov An-225 Mriya and Antonov An-124 are the worlds' largest aircraft, used for transporting large shipments and oversized cargos.

Usage of large military airplanes for commercial purposes, pioneered by Ukraine's Antonov Airlines in the 1990s, has allowed new types of cargo in aerial transportation.

In the past, some cargo airlines would carry a few passengers from time to time on flights, and UPS Airlines once unsuccessfully tried a passenger charter airline division. However, cargo planes in the United States are strictly forbidden from carrying non-employee passengers.[2]

SAA Cargo is the division of South African Airways focusing on airfreight movement worldwide. The division uses belly space of SAA’s passenger flights for cargo carriage and also runs a fleet of four dedicated cargo aircraft, namely two Boeing 737-300Fs and two Boeing 737-200Fs.

Top 10 cargo airlines[3]

  1. FedEx Express
  2. UPS Airlines
  3. Emirates
  4. Cathay Pacific Cargo
  5. Korean Air Cargo
  6. Lufthansa Cargo
  7. Singapore Airlines
  8. British Airways
  9. China Airlines
  10. EVA Air


Some of these companies have stopped operating or have been merged into other carriers.

All-cargo subsidiary

Freight divisions of passenger airlines operating their own or leased freighter aircraft, some shut down or merged with others.

Freight divisions without fleet using passenger aircraft belly hold or having other cargo airlines fly on their behalf, some of these previously had freighters:

These carriers operate freighter aircraft but do not have a cargo division:

Largest freight carriers

The following are arranged by scheduled freight tonne-kilometres flown:

2004 total

  1. FedEx Express 14.579 million
  2. Korean Air 8.264 million
  3. Lufthansa Cargo 8.040 million
  4. United Parcel Service 7.353 million
  5. Singapore Airlines Cargo 7.143 million
  6. Cathay Pacific 5.876 million
  7. China Airlines 5.642 million
  8. Eva Airways 5.477 million
  9. Air France 5.388 million
  10. Japan Airlines 4.924 million

2004 international

  1. Korean Air 8.164 million
  2. Lufthansa Cargo 8.028 million
  3. Singapore Airlines Cargo 7.143 million
  4. Cathay Pacific 5.876 million
  5. China Airlines 5.642 million
  6. FedEx Express 5.595 million
  7. Eva Airways 5.477 million
  8. Air France 5.384 million
  9. British Airways 4.771 million
  10. Cargolux 4.670 million

2004 domestic

  1. FedEx Express 8.984 million
  2. United Parcel Service 4.260 million
  3. Northwest Airlines 0.949 million
  4. China Southern Airlines 0.860 million
  5. American Airlines 0.576 million
  6. Delta Air Lines 0.557 million
  7. Air China 0.531 million
  8. United Airlines 0.525 million
  9. Cargojet Airways 0.517 million
  10. China Eastern Airlines 0.458 million

Source for 2004 data: International Air Transport Association. Note that it only includes data for member airlines.

See also


External links

  • Cargo Aircraft Specifications- Indicative freighter aircraft specifications for comparison.
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