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Title: Al-Mu'tamid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Al-Muwaffaq, Abbasid Caliphate, Battle of Dayr al-'Aqul, Ashot I of Armenia, 890s
Collection: 844 Births, 892 Deaths, 9Th-Century Caliphs, Abbasid Caliphs
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


15th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Reign 870 to 892
Predecessor Al-Muhtadi
Successor Al-Mu'tadid
Born 844
Died 15 October 892
consort Khallafah
Dynasty Abbasid
Father al-Mutawakkil
Religion Islam

Al-Mu'tamid (المعتمد al-Muʿtamid) (844 – 15 October 892) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 870 to 892 and eldest surviving son of al-Mutawakkil. He held the title of caliph for 23 years, though he was a largely a ruler in name only.

His reign as caliph

Gold dinar of al-Mu'tamid, with the names of al-Muwaffaq and the vizier Sa'id ibn Makhlad (Dhu'l-Wizaratayn)

During the reign of his predecessor, al-Muhtadi, al-Mu'tamid was imprisoned in Samarra. He was released after al-Muhtadi was deposed.

Al-Mu'tamid's brother, al-Muwaffaq, had a claim to the throne and when the Zanj Rebellion started near Baghdad, al-Mu'tamid summoned al-Muwaffaq to help him. From that point forward, al-Muwaffaq essentially ruled as Caliph in all but name. After al-Muwaffaq fell ill, he transferred substantial authority to his son, al-Mu'tadid. Al-Mu'tadid was popular in the capital, Baghdad, and al-Mu'tamid never regained any real power. In the year following his brother's death, al-Mu'tamid was obliged to publicly remove his own son al-Mufawwad from the succession and recognize al-Mu'tadid as his successor. He did not survive long thereafter;he drunk himself to death during a night festival in October 892, at the age of 50.

Al-Mu'tamid highest achievement may be the continuation of the era of prosperity that began with al-Muhtadi and lasted until the end of the century. However, the main cause of this prosperity was the return of the court in 892 to [[

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