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Al-Muhtadi

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Title: Al-Muhtadi  
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Subject: Al-Mu'tamid, List of Caliphs, Abbasid Caliphate, Al-Ḫaṣṣāf, 870 deaths
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Al-Muhtadi

Al-Muhtadi
المهتدي
14th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Reign 869 to 870
Predecessor Al-Mu'tazz
Successor Al-Mu'tamid
Died 21 June 870
Dynasty Abbasid
Father Al-Wathiq
Religion Islam

Al-Muhtadi (? – 21 June 870) (Arabic: المهتدي بالله‎; "The guided by God") was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 869 to 870, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".

After the death of al-Mu'tazz, the Turks chose his cousin, al-Muhtadi, son of al-Wathiq by a Greek slave-girl, as the new Caliph. Al-Muhtadi turned out to be firm and virtuous compared to the last few Caliphs. If he had come earlier, he might have restored life to the Caliphate; however, by now the Turks held more power.

Under him, the Court soon saw a transformation. Singing girls and musicians were expelled; justice was done daily in open court; wine and games were prohibited. He set Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz, the Umayyad Caliph, as his model and exemplar.

His reign, however, lasted less than a year. After some disagreements and conspiracies, he was killed by the Turks in 256 AH (June 870); he was thirty-eight then. The early Arab writers praise his justice and piety; and had he not been killed so soon, he could have been placed among the best of Abbasid Caliphs.

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