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Albanian wine

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Albanian wine

Albanian wine varieties in Albania

The wine of Albania is characterized by its unique sweetness and indigenous varieties. Albania produced an estimated 17,500 tonnes of wine in 2009.[1] During communism, the production area expanded to some 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres).[2]

History

Grape plants along a footpath in Lin, Albania

Antiquity

Albania has one of Europe's longest histories of viticulture.[2] Ancient Roman writer Pliny describes Albanian wine as "very sweet or luscious" and refers to it as "[taking] the third rank among all the wines".[3] Albanian families are traditionally known to grow grapes in their gardens for producing wine and Rakia.

Communism up to present

During the communist rule, almost all plantations were dedicated to export.[2] After the collapse of communism, many new wineries were opened by expats returning home from Italy and other countries.

Wine regions

Albania is divided into four wine producing regions:[2]

  • Western lowland,
  • Central hilly region
  • Eastern sub mountainous region
  • Highlands

Wineries

Sheshi i Zi native variety

Some of the most important wineries (Albanian: kantina) in Albania include Rilindja, Skenderbeu, Çobo, Luani, Bardha, Arberi, Sara, Vintage, Kardinal, and Kokomani.

Preferences

According to Nasse and Zigori (1968) the best native Albanian wine varieties are Debine (noir and blanche), Kallmet, Mereshnik, Mjaltez, Serine (rouge and blanche), Shesh i Bardhe, and Vlosh.[4] The best wine producing areas are around Berat, Korca, Tirana, Durres and between Lezha and Shkodra.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wine production (tons)".  
  2. ^ a b c d http://www.winealbania.com Wine Albania Portal
  3. ^ The Laws of Fermentation and the Wines of the Ancients. Bronson Press. p. 41. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  4. ^ "The technology of wine making". Avi Pub. Co. p. 42. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  5. ^ Albania. Bradt. p. 42. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 

External links

  • Wine Albania Portal
  • Albanian Association of Sommeliers
  • Some Brands of Albanian Wine
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