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Amr ibn al-Layth

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Title: Amr ibn al-Layth  
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Subject: List of kings of Persia, Saffarid dynasty, Al-Mu'tadid, Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar, Amr (name), Tahir ibn Muhammad ibn Amr, Al-Layth, Khalaf ibn Ahmad, Al-Mu'addal
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Amr ibn al-Layth

Amr ibn al-Layth or Amr-i Laith Saffari (Persian: عمرو لیث صفاری‎) was the second ruler of the Saffarid dynasty of Iran who ruled (879-901). He was the son of a whitesmith and the younger brother of the dynasty's founder, Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar.

Said to have started as a mule-driver and a mason, he later fought alongside his older brother and in 875 became Governor of Herat. When Ya'qub died in Fars in 879, Amr managed to become the successor of the Saffarid throne over his brother Ali, who was the preferred choice of both Ya'qub and the army. During his reign, he faced several rebellions such as that of Rafi ibn Harthama, who in 882 had taken over control of Khurasan and was a major threat to Amr's rule until he was finally killed in 896.

Now with Rafi dead, Amr was at zenith of his power, he became so ambitious that he decided to conquer Transoxiana which was Samanid territory. However in April 900 Ismail Samani defeated Amr in the Battle of Balkh and had sent Amr as prisoner to the Abbassid caliph in Baghdad. On 20 April 902 he was executed on the orders of the caliph's vizier, al-Qasim ibn Ubayd Allah.

References

Preceded by
Ya'qub ibn al-Layth al-Saffar
Saffarid amir
879–901
Succeeded by
Tahir ibn Muhammad ibn Amr
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