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Anastasy Vonsyatsky

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Title: Anastasy Vonsyatsky  
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Subject: Russian Women's Fascist Movement, Fashist, Union of Young Fascists – Vanguard (girls), Fascist Union of Youth, Nash Put' (newspaper)
Collection: 1898 Births, 1965 Deaths, American Anti-Communists, American Collaborators with Nazi Germany, American People Convicted of Spying Against the United States, American People Convicted of Spying for Nazi Germany, American Prisoners and Detainees, Members of the Russian Fascist Organization, Members of the Russian Fascist Party, Old Right (United States), People from Thompson, Connecticut, People from Warsaw, People from Warsaw Governorate, People of the Russian Civil War, Persons Charged Under the Espionage Act of 1917, Persons Convicted Under the Espionage Act of 1917, Russian Collaborators with Nazi Germany, Russian Fascists, Russian People of Polish Descent, United States Army Officers, White Russian Emigrants to the United States, White Russians (Movement), World War II Spies for Germany
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Anastasy Vonsyatsky

Anastase Andreivitch Vonsiatsky
Personal details
Born (1898-06-12)June 12, 1898
Warsaw, Russian Empire
Died February 5, 1965(1965-02-05) (aged 66)
St. Petersburg, Florida, United States
Spouse(s) Lyuba Murmosky
Marion Buckingham Ream
Children Andre Anastase Vonsiatsky
Parents Andrei Nicolaevich
Nina Anastasevna
Residence Quinnatisset Farm, Putnam, Connecticut, U.S.
Signature

Anastasy Andreyevich Vonsyatsky (Russian: Анаста́сий Андре́евич Вонся́цкий, Polish: Anastazy Wąsacki; June 12, 1898 – February 5, 1965), better known in the United States as Anastase Andreivitch Vonsiatsky, was a Russian anti-Bolshevik émigré and fascist leader based in the United States since the 1920s.

He became a RFO were based in Putnam, Connecticut. Vonsyatsky was charged with the support of secret contacts with agents of Nazi Germany and arrested by the FBI in 1942, following the United States' entry into war with Germany and Japan. Released early from prison in 1946, Vonsyatsky lived out the remainder of his life in the United States. He died in St. Petersburg, Florida, in 1965.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Military career 2
  • Political activity 3
  • Personal life 4
  • Death and legacy 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Anastasy Andreyevich Vonsyatsky was born in Warsaw, Poland (then part of the Russian Empire).[1] His family known for its long devotion to the Russian czars; one of Vonsyatsky's great-grandparents had been handed a titled estate from the Romanovs.[2] His father, Andrei Nicolaevich,[1] was a professional army officer assassinated at a Radom office of the imperial gendarmerie by a Polish revolutionary in 1910.[2] His mother was Nina Anastasevna.[1]

Vonsyatsky was educated at a military prep school in Moscow and the Emperor Nicholas II Cavalry Academy in Saint Petersburg, Russia.[1]

Military career

Vonsyatsky embarked upon a military career in the Imperial Russian Army during the reign of Nicholas II.[2] After the revolutionary events of October 1917, which brought the Leninist Bolsheviks to power and climaxed in the protracted Russian Civil War of 1917-1923, Vonsyatsky, newly admitted to St. Petersburg as a military cadet, took part in the anti-Bolshevik opposition and served in the counter-revolutionary White movement, first seeing action against the Red Army at Rostov.[2] Leaving the White Army's stronghold in the Crimean Peninsula with the departing forces of General Wrangel, he was evacuated to western Europe in 1920.

Traveling through Constantinople and France, Vonsyatsky arrived in the United States in 1922. In March 1930, Vonsyatsky was given an American reserve officer's commission and appointed a first lieutenant of the United States Army Reserve; the military commission would eventually expire in 1935.[2]

Political activity

Forming political connections within the émigré circles after establishing himself outside Russia, Vonsyatsky was, at one point in the interwar period, a leader of the

  • Anastasy Vonsyatsky at Find a Grave
  • Inventory to the John J. Stephan Collection, 1932—1978

External links

  • The Russian Fascists: Tragedy and Farce in Exile, 1925—1945 by John J. Stephan ISBN 0-06-014099-2
  • E. Oberlander, 'The All-Russian Fascist Party', Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 1, No. 1. (1966), pp. 158–173
  • К. В. Родзаевский. Завещание Русского фашиста. М., ФЭРИ-В, 2001 ISBN 5-94138-010-0
  • А.В. Окороков. Фашизм и русская эмиграция (1920-1945 гг.). М., Руссаки, 2002 ISBN 5-93347-063-5
  • Н.Н. Грозин. Защитные рубашки. Шанхай: Издательство Всероссийский Русский Календарь, 1939.
  • FBI History. Famous Cases. Vonsiatsky Espionage. N.B.: the article confuses the political term "White Russian" (or "White émigré") with Belarusian origin, as Belarus was then often referred to as "White Russia".
  • (1946)The Great Conspiracy: The Secret War Against Soviet Russia

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Anastase Vonsiatsky and Marion Ream papers". Rhode Island Archival and Manuscript Collections Online. Retrieved September 3, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Famous Cases: Vonsiatsky Espionage". FBI History. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  3. ^ "War Halo Snares Heiress's Heart". The Cincinnati Enquirer. February 1, 1922. p. 1. Retrieved August 29, 2015 – via  
  4. ^ "The Troubled Dream of the Multi-Millionairess and Her Lover in Overalls". The Washington Times. July 2, 1922. pp. 48–49. Retrieved September 3, 2015 – via  
  5. ^ Stephan (John J.) Collection
  6. ^ Guide to the Anastase A. Vonsiatsky and Marion B. Ream papers 1861-1970

References

Many of the documents of Vonsyatsky were stored in the archives of the Hoover Institution in California, in the collection of Professor John Stephan, author of The Russian Fascists: Tragedy and Farce in Exile, 1925-1945,[5] and Providence College, Phillips Memorial Library.[1][6]

Vonsyatsky died of coronary thrombosis on February 5, 1965, in St. Petersburg, Florida at Mound Park Hospital, at 66. His body was interred at West Thompson Cemetery in Thompson, Connecticut.

Death and legacy

Vonsyatsky separated from Ream and started a romantic relationship with Edith Priscilla Royster in 1948.[1] By July 1950, Vonsyatsky and Royster had a son together, Andre Anastase Vonsiatsky.[1] However, Ream continued to take care of Vonsyatsky and his son financially.[1]

On February 4, 1922, Vonsyatsky married Marion Buckingham Ream,[2] the daughter of businessman Norman B. Ream, and a multi-millionaire heiress by the time they married.[3][4] He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in the Superior Court of Windham County, Putnam, Connecticut, on September 30, 1927,[2] after his second wife appealed to Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes.[1] Accused of bigamy by his first wife, the US federal government and the Russian Orthodox Church nullified his first marriage.[1] The Vonsyatskys resided at Quinnatisset Farm in Putnam, Connecticut.[1]

Vonsyatsky was married twice. He first married Lyuba Murmosky in Ukraine in the 1920s.[1]

Personal life

After his release from prison, Vonsyatsky moved to St. Petersburg, Florida, where he wrote articles in Russian newspapers and journals.[1] He authored a book entitled Rasplatat (Retribution in English) about World War II.[1] In it, "he accused the Japanese government, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and his personal nemesis, Thomas J. Dodd, of hampering the anti-Soviet cause."[1] Meanwhile, Vonsyatsky dedicated the Tsar Nicholas II Museum in St Petersburg, Florida.[1]

Vonsyatsky became a subject of FBI investigation and was indicted in 1942 for connections with proxies for German interests, including key participants in the pro-Nazi German-American Bund, whose leader, Fritz Kuhn, had previously been assisted by Vonsyatsky's bail money in 1939.[2] Among other contacts was the American Hitler admirer and anti-semite William Dudley Pelley was also found.[2] Indicted for conspiring to assist Hitler's Germany in violation of the Espionage Act alongside fellow conspirators Wilhelm Kunze, Dr. Otto Willumeit, Dr. Wolfgang Ebell, and Reverend Kurt E. B. Molzahn, Vonsyatsky submitted a guilty plea after first protestations of innocence, and was convicted under the 1917 Espionage Act by a jury chaired by Thomas J. Dodd in Hartford, Connecticut on June 22, 1942.[1] He was jailed at the United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners in Springfield, Missouri.[1] Despite the official prison sentence of five years and a fine of $5000, he was released on February 26, 1946, his sentence effectively having been cut short to the three and a half years in prison already served.[1][2]

"The Russian National Revolutionary Party, of which I am the leader, does not support either Germany's or Japan's ambition for hegemony in Europe or the Far East. The Germans and the Japanese have never made clear their attitude toward a replacement of the present Stalinist rule by a Russian National Government. The sole aim of our organization is to return Russia to a free people with a government elected by the people, of the people and for the people. Our intention is to form in Russia a truly DEMOCRATIC government. Our Party is not anti-Semitic. Our Party has no membership dues; it is financed solely by voluntary contributions from its members and sympathizers. It is not subsidized by any FOREIGN POWER or foreign individuals. Our organization is BANNED in Germany and Japan. Only in the United States can we enjoy freedom of action and thought within the laws of the country. I HEREWITH STATE EMPHATICALLY THAT THE ACTIVITIES OF OUR ORGANIZATION ARE AGAINST THE PRESENT SOVIET GOVERNMENT ALONE AND THAT IN NO WAY WHATSOEVER DOES IT ACT AGAINST THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OR VIOLATE ITS LAWS WHICH WE LOYALLY SUPPORT. ANASTASE A. VONSIATSKY. Thompson, Conn. July 4, 1940"[2]

In summer 1940, Vonsyatsky's publications declared the following:[2]

In 1934, Vonsyatsky's organization merged with the Konstantin Rodzaevsky and headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.[1] However, they soon parted ways.[1]

"Fascisms are different. The German, Italian, and Russian Fascisms are different in many respects. The Russian Fascist Party is just a united movement of Russians against Communism, and Fascism is the only political society on the earth at the present time that can wipe out Communism. Force is the only thing that can knock it down."[2]

Despite earlier publications supplemented by photographs of German soldiers beneath such titles as "The Army of the Holy Swastika"[2] and continuing collaboration with the German-American Bund elements during World War II, in public appeals amid the growing anti-German sentiment of the early 1940s, Vonsyatsky's addresses to his target audience struck a different tone. Among other statements, Vonsyatsky wrote:

[1].Fashist and published a newspaper called [2] The headquarters were established at the Vonsyatsky estate in Connecticut,[2]

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