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Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper

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Title: Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper  
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Subject: Plantesamfund, History of botany, Plant ecology, On Plants, Flora Svecica
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Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper

Andreas Schimper
Andreas Schimper
Born 12 May 1856
Strasbourg, France
Died 9 September 1901
Nationality Germany
Fields botanist
Alma mater University of Strassburg
Andreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper (12 May 1856 – 9 September 1901) was a botanist and phytogeographer who made major contributions in the fields of histology, ecology and plant geography.


Schimper was born in Arabia and North Africa and the naturalist Karl Friedrich Schimper.

Andreas studied at the University of Strassburg from 1874 to 1878, acquiring a Ph.D. Thereafter he worked in Lyon and travelled to the United States, staying in Baltimore and Massachusetts. In 1886 he was appointed Extraordinary Professor in Bonn, where he worked largely on cell histology, chromatophores and starch metabolism. He had become interested in phytogeography and ecology, undertaking expeditions to the West Indies and Venezuela in 1882-1883, and to Ceylon, Malaya and Java in 1889-1890, concentrating on mangroves, epiphytes and littoral vegetation. This resulted in his account of the Rhizophoraceae in Engler & Prantl's Naturl. Pflanzenfam.He is best known for Pflanzengeographie auf Physiologischer Grundlage, published in Jena in 1898, in which he coined the term tropical rainforest.

In 1898 he accepted an invitation to join the German deep-sea expedition aboard the SS Valdivia under the leadership of Prof. Carl Chun. The trip lasted 9 months during which time they visited the Canary Islands, Cameroon, Cape Town, (where he joined Rudolf Marloth on collecting trips in the southern Cape), Kerguelen, New Amsterdam and Cocos Islands, Sumatra, the Maldives, Ceylon, the Seychelles and the Red Sea.

Returning in 1899, he took up the appointment

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