World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Andrew Jackson (clipper)

Article Id: WHEBN0028871355
Reproduction Date:

Title: Andrew Jackson (clipper)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Andrew Jackson, Groton, Connecticut, List of clipper ships, Andrew Jackson (disambiguation)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Andrew Jackson (clipper)

Clipper ship card advertising the Andrew Jackson
Career (United States)
Name: Belle Hoxie
Builder: Irons & Grinnell, Mystic, Connecticut
Launched: March 1855, as Belle Hoxie
Acquired: John H. Brower & Co, 1855
Renamed: Andrew Jackson
Career (United Kingdom)
Owner: H.L. Seligman, Glasgow, in 1868
Acquired: Sold to British owners, 1863
General characteristics
Class & type: Medium clipper
Tons burthen: 1679 tons OM
Length: 220 ft (67 m).
Beam: 41 ft 2 in (12.55 m)
Draft: 22 ft (6.7 m). 3 in.[1]

The sailing ship Andrew Jackson, a 1,679-registered-ton medium clipper, was built by the firm of Irons & Grinnell in Mystic, Connecticut in 1855. The vessel was designed for the shipping firm of J.H. Brower & Co. to carry cargo intended for sale to participants in the California Gold Rush.

Construction

The ship's dimensions were: length 220 feet (67 m), beam 41 ft., 2 in., and draft 22 ft., 3 in.[1] The vessel was described as "a very handsome, well-designed ship. She was heavily sparred and carried double topsails, skysails, and royal studdingsails."[2]

Voyages

Andrew Jackson made seven passages from New York to San Francisco, with an average time of 106 days. These times compare well with the passages of extreme clippers such as the Flying Cloud and Flying Fish, which averaged 1055⁄7 days and 103 days respectively,[1] and the vessel was advertised as "The Fastest Ship in the World."[3]

Record passage to San Francisco

The Andrew Jackson is best known for its 1859–1860 run around Cape Horn from New York City to San Francisco, which the vessel performed in 89 days and 4 hours. The run began at noon on Christmas Day, 1859, and ended at 4 p.m. on 23 March 1860 at the Farallon Islands.[4]

This was one of only three 89-day runs performed by square-rigged ships driving from New York City to California. The other two runs were both posted by the Flying Cloud. The Flying Cloud's fastest New York-to-California run had taken 89 days and 8 hours; the Andrew Jackson's run was, by four hours, widely acclaimed in the newspapers as the fastest in history.[4]

The Andrew Jackson's run, as calculated above, was from New York City to the Farallon Islands, the pilot boat entry point to the harbor of San Francisco. The Andrew Jackson did not get a pilot boat in a timely manner and did not actually tie up at a San Francisco wharf until the next day.[4] Some clipper ship authorities, including Howe and Matthews, assert that the Andrew Jackson did not actually set the record described above. They concede, however, that this medium clipper, perhaps not naturally as fast as the Flying Cloud, achieved a remarkable passage as the result of a combination of hard driving by the captain and favorable winds.[1]

Andrew Jackson vs. Flying Cloud

However, after careful scrutiny of the logbooks, one author, Carl C. Cutler, concludes that a case can be made for either Flying Cloud or Andrew Jackson holding the record. Some will consider the passage from pilot-to-pilot as the appropriate indicator of fastest sailing performance around Cape Horn. Flying Cloud holds the record time for a passage anchor-to-anchor from New York to San Francisco, of 89 days 8 hours, while Andrew Jackson's completed passage anchor-to-anchor may have been as long as 89 days 20 hours.[5]

Loss

The Andrew Jackson was lost on December 4, 1868, after going ashore on a reef in the Gaspar Strait.[1]

Legacy

The Andrew Jackson's 1859–1860 run was to be one of the final sailing-ship records posted by an American clipper ship. During the 1860s, the progress of colonialism led to the creation of a network of coaling stations worldwide to serve fast steamships with a reliable supply of fuel, and the market for clipper-ship freight collapsed.

Images

  • , Mystic Seaport Museum

See also

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.