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Annex I

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Annex I


As of June 2013, there are 192 parties to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This total includes 191 states (189 United Nations member states as well as the Cook Islands and Niue) and one supranational union (the European Union).[1][2] aimed at combating global warming. Canada denounced the convention effective 15 December 2012 and ceased to be a member from that date.

Parties

Signing is optional, indicating an intention to ratify the Protocol. Ratification means that an Annex I party (e.g. a developed country or one with an 'economy in transition') has agreed to cap emissions in accordance with the Protocol. 38 of the 39 Annex I parties have agreed to cap their emissions in this way, two others are required to do so under their conditions of accession into the EU, and one more intends to become an Annex I party.

Party[3][2] annex % for ratification reduction
commitment
for 2012
[4]
Signed Ratification / Acceptance Notes
1 17 September 1998 17 September 1998
2 16 March 1998 3 November 1998
3 16 November 1998 16 November 1998
4 16 March 1998 30 December 1998
5 28 September 1998 11 January 1999
6 7 January 1998 28 January 1999
7 8 June 1998 5 March 1999
8 9 April 1996
9 8 December 1998 6 May 1999
10 16 June 1999
11 17 March 1998 21 June 1999
12 28 June 1999
13 16 July 1999 -[5]
14 25 August 1998 27 August 1999
15 10 July 1998 5 October 1999
16 20 November 1998 12 October 1999
17 7 July 1998 18 November 1999
18 9 July 1998 30 November 1999
19 10 December 1999
20 15 December 1999
21 15 January 1999 13 January 2000
22 8 June 1998 13 January 2000
23 25 February 1999 19 July 2000
24 7 August 2000
25 16 August 2000
26 6 September 2000
27 7 September 2000
28 7 September 2000
29 9 June 1998 7 September 2000
30 28 September 2000
31 16 March 1998 27 November 2000
32 29 July 1998 5 February 2001
33 I 1.24% −8%[6] 5 January 1999 19 March 2001
34 9 May 2001
35 1 June 2001
36 17 July 2001
37 20 July 2001
38 16 August 2001
39 16 September 1998 27 August 2001
40 16 March 1998 28 September 2001
41 18 October 2001
42 22 October 2001
43 26 October 2001
44 17 April 1998 11 November 2001 -[5]
45 I 1.24% −8%[6] 23 November 1998 15 November 2001
46 30 November 2001
47 25 January 2002
48 12 February 2002
49 25 February 2002
50 12 March 2002
51 25 March 2002
52 27 January 1999 28 March 2002
53 2 March 1999 28 March 2002
54 15 March 1999 30 April 2002
55 I, II 0.02% +10%[7] 23 May 2002 55th state to ratify, this fulfills the first condition for coming-into-force
56 I, II 0.26% +1%[7] 29 April 1998 30 May 2002
 European Union[8] I, II 31.68% −8%[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002 All ratifications of the then-EU-members are deposited simultaneously (see 57–72). For the purpose of counting ratification for satisfying the entry-into-force condition the EU is not counted.[9]
57 I, II 0.4% −8% (−13%)[6] 24 September 1998 31 May 2002
58 I, II 0.8% −8% (−7.5%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
59 I, II 0.4% −8% (−21%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002 : applied
: not applied
60 I, II 0.4% −8% (0%)[6][10] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
61 I, II 2.7% −8% (0%)[6][10] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002 , , , : applied
, , , , , : not applied
62 I, II 7.4% −8% (−21%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
63 I, II 0.6% −8% (+25%),[6][7] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
64 I, II 0.2% −8% (+13%),[6][7] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
65 I, II 3.1% −8% (−6.5%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
66 I, II 0.1% −8% (−28%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
67 I, II 1.2% −8% (−6%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002 : not applied
 Curaçao: not applied
 Sint Maarten: not applied
: not applied
68 I, II 0.3% −8% (+27%),[6][7] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
69 I, II 1.9% −8% (+15%),[6][7] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
70 I, II 0.4% −8% (+4%),[6][7] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
71 I, II 4.3% −8% (−12.5%)[6] 29 April 1998 31 May 2002
72 I 0.42% −8%[6] 26 February 1999 31 May 2002
73 I, II 8.55% −6% 28 April 1998 4 June 2002
74 I 0.17% −8% 14 December 1998 5 July 2002
75 20 March 1998 22 July 2002
76 31 July 2002
77 I -[11] −8%[6] 21 October 1998 2 August 2002
78 6 August 2002
79 27 April 1998 9 August 2002
80 I 0.6% −8%[6] 18 September 1998 15 August 2002
81 I 0.52% −6%[6] 21 August 2002
82 22 August 2002
83 29 April 1998 23 August 2002
84 26 August 2002
85 17 June 1998 26 August 2002
86 26 August 2002
87 26 August 2002
88 28 August 2002
89 2 February 1999 28 August 2002
90 29 May 1998 30 August 2002 : applied since 8 April 2003
: not applied
91 3 September 2002
92 12 March 1999 4 September 2002
93 13 November 1998 12 September 2002
94 3 December 1998 25 September 2002
95 I 0.28% −8%[6] 3 December 1998 14 October 2002
96 5 November 2002
97 25 September 1998 8 November 2002
98 I 3.02% −6%[6] 15 July 1998 13 December 2002
99 [12] I, II 0.19% 0%[10] 22 May 1998 19 December 2002 : not applied
100 I -[11] −8%[6] 21 September 1998 3 January 2003
101 17 January 2003
102 22 January 2003
103 6 February 2003
104 29 September 1998 13 March 2003
105  Moldova 22 April 2003
106 25 April 2003
107 13 May 2003
108 30 May 2003
109 I, II 0.32% −8% 16 March 1998 9 July 2003
110 5 August 2003
111 8 August 2003
112 17 March 1998 11 August 2003
113 13 August 2003
114 16 March 1998 20 August 2003
115 4 September 2003
116 24 September 2003
117 26 September 2003
118 15 April 1998 20 November 2003
119 16 December 1998 15 March 2004
120 I -[11] 0%[10] 15 March 1999 12 April 2004
121 2 July 2004
122 22 July 2004
123 15 September 2004
124 23 October 1998 30 September 2004
125 2 November 2004
126 I 17.4% 0%[10] 11 March 1999 18 November 2004 With Russia's ratification the "55 percent of 1990 carbon dioxide emissions of the Parties included in Annex I" clause was satisfied and the treaty brought into force, effective 16 February 2005.
127 18 November 2004
128 13 July 1998 3 December 2004
129 I 0.0015% −8% 29 June 1998 3 December 2004
130 10 December 2004
131 19 March 1998 31 December 2004
132 11 January 2005
133 11 January 2005
134 15 March 1999 12 January 2005
135 18 January 2005
136 19 January 2005
137 25 January 2005
138 26 January 2005
139 31 January 2005
140 16 February 2005
141 18 February 2005
142 25 February 2005
143 11 March 2005
144 23 March 2005
145 31 March 2005
146 1 April 2005
147 14 April 2005
148 27 April 2005
149 6 July 2005
150 22 July 2005
151 28 July 2005
152 22 August 2005
153 I -[11] none yet[13] 26 August 2005
154 16 September 2005
155 18 November 2005
156 13 January 2006
157  Syria 27 January 2006
158 31 January 2006
159 10 February 2006
160 I 0.0015% −8% 29 April 1998 27 February 2006
161 12 April 2006
162 5 August 1998 7 July 2006
163 24 August 2006
164 25 September 2006
165 10 November 2006
166 13 November 2006
167 12 December 2006
168 12 February 2007
169 16 April 2007
170 23 April 2007
171 I -[11] −5% 11 March 1999 27 April 2007
172 8 May 2007
173 4 June 2007
174 24 September 2007
175 I, II 2.1% +8%[7] 29 April 1998 3 December 2007
176 14 January 2008
177 18 March 2008
178 8 April 2008
179 10 April 2008
180 24 July 2008
181  Timor-Leste 14 October 2008
182 5 January 2009
183 I, -[14] -[11] none yet[13] 28 May 2009 [15][16][17]
184 [18] -[19] none yet[20] 12 March 1999[21] 19 June 2009
185 30 June 2009
186 28 July 2009
187 18 August 2009
188 20 August 2009
189 28 April 2010
190 26 July 2010
191 25 March 2013 [22]
total parties: 191 (incl. EU) I: 38 + EU
II: 21+EU
33, 63.9% -%: 31 (24)
0%: 3 (5)
+%: 3 (8)

Former parties

Country annex % for ratification reduction target 2008/12 Signed Ratification/Acceptance Notes
I, II 3.33% −6% 29 April 1998 17 December 2002 Renounced December 2011, effective 15 December 2012.[23]
total countries: 1 I: 1
II: 1
1 -%: 1
0%: 0
+%: 0

Signed but not intending to ratify

Country annex % for ratification reduction target 2008/12 Signed Notes
I, II 36.1% −7% 12 November 1998 Federal government has not ratified
total countries: 1 I: 1
II: 1
1 -%: 1
0%: 0
+%: 0

Not signatories or parties

As of 2013 there are several other states which are not Party to the Protocol:

  • members of the UNFCCC: Andorra
  • observers of the UNFCCC (UNFCC ratification required first): South Sudan, Palestine, Vatican City[24]

References

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