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Anogeissus latifolia

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Title: Anogeissus latifolia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Anogeissus, Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Wild silk, Valmiki National Park, Natural gum
Collection: Anogeissus, Flora of Pakistan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Anogeissus latifolia

Anogeissus latifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Anogeissus
Species: A. latifolia
Binomial name
Anogeissus latifolia
(Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Guill. & Perr.

Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Its common names are axlewood (English), bakli, dhau, dhawa, dhawra, or dhaora (Hindi), takhian-nu (Thai), and raam (Vietnamese).

Fruit of Anogeissus latifolia

It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins,[1] and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The leaves are also fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk (Tussah), a form of wild silk of commercial importance.[2]

Bark of Anogeissus latifolia


  1. ^ Studies on dhava tannins. I. The isolation and constitution of a gallotannin from dhava (Anogeissus latifolia). KK Reddy, S Rajadurai, KNS Sastry and Y Nayudamma, Australian Journal of Chemistry, 17 (2), pp. 238-245, doi:10.1071/CH9640238
  2. ^ [1]

See also


  • "Anogeissus latifolia", AgroForestry Tree Database. Accessed April 20, 2008. [2]

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