World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Anti-abortion violence

Article Id: WHEBN0002375414
Reproduction Date:

Title: Anti-abortion violence  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Christian terrorism, Anti-abortion violence in media, Abortion debate, Eric Rudolph, Anti-abortion movements
Collection: Anti-Abortion Violence, Anti-Abortion Violence in Media, Christian Terrorism, Pro-Life Movement
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Anti-abortion violence

Anti-abortion violence is abortion.[1] Incidents of violence have included destruction of property, in the form of vandalism; crimes against people, including kidnapping, stalking, assault, attempted murder, and murder; and crimes affecting both people and property, including arson and bombings.

Anti-abortion extremists are considered a current domestic terrorist threat by the US Department of Justice.[2] Most documented incidents have occurred in the United States, though it has also occurred in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. G. Davidson Smith of Canadian Security Intelligence Service defined anti-abortion violence as "single issue terrorism".[3] A study of 1982–87 violence considered the incidents "limited political" or "subrevolutionary" terrorism.[4]


  • Definition and characteristics 1
  • By country 2
    • United States 2.1
      • Murders 2.1.1
      • Attempted murder, assault, and kidnapping 2.1.2
      • Arson, bombing, and property crime 2.1.3
      • Anthrax threats 2.1.4
    • Australia 2.2
    • Canada 2.3
      • Attempted murder 2.3.1
      • Bombing and property damage 2.3.2
    • New Zealand 2.4
  • Specific incidents 3
    • Violence by Army of God 3.1
    • Physician "wanted" posters 3.2
  • Reactions 4
    • Anti-abortion reactions 4.1
    • Abortion rights supporters' reactions 4.2
  • Media depictions of Anti-abortion violence 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
    • 7.1 Article
    • List of incidents by country 7.2
    • Media depictions 7.3
  • External links 8

Definition and characteristics

Anti-abortion violence is specifically directed towards people who or places which provide abortion. Extreme forms are recognized as terrorism. Incidents include vandalism, arson, and bombings of abortion clinics, such as those committed by Eric Rudolph (1996–98), and murders or attempted murders of physicians and clinic staff, as committed by James Kopp (1998), Paul Jennings Hill (1994), Scott Roeder (2009), Michael F. Griffin (1993), and Peter James Knight (2001). Those who engage in or support such actions defend the use of force with claims of justifiable homicide or defense of others in the interest of protecting the life of the fetus.[5]

David C. Nice, of the University of Georgia, describes support for anti-abortion violence as a political weapon against women's rights, one that is associated with tolerance for violence toward women.[6]

Anti-abortion extremism is recognized as a form of Christian terrorism.[7]

At least eight murders occurred in the United States since 1990, as well as 41 bombings and 173 arsons at clinics since 1977. At least one murder occurred in Australia, as well several attempted murders in Canada. There were 1,793 abortion providers in the United States in 2008,[8] as well as 197 abortion providers in Canada in 2001.[9] The National Abortion Federation reported between 1,356 and 13,415 incidents of picketing at United States providers each year from 1995-2014[10]

By country

United States


In the United States, violence directed towards abortion providers has killed at least eight people, including four doctors, two clinic employees, a security guard, and a clinic escort;[I 1][I 2] Seven murders occurred in the 1990s.[I 3]

  • March 10, 1993: Dr. David Gunn of Pensacola, Florida was fatally shot during a protest. He had been the subject of wanted-style posters distributed by Operation Rescue in the summer of 1992. Michael F. Griffin was found guilty of Gunn's murder and was sentenced to life in prison.[I 4]
  • July 29, 1994: Dr. John Britton and James Barrett, a clinic escort, were both shot to death outside another facility, the Ladies Center, in Pensacola. Rev. Paul Jennings Hill was charged with the killings. Hill received a death sentence and was executed on September 3, 2003. The clinic in Pensacola had been bombed before in 1984 and was also bombed subsequently in 2012.
  • December 30, 1994: Two receptionists, Shannon Lowney and Lee Ann Nichols, were killed in two clinic attacks in Brookline, Massachusetts. John Salvi was arrested and confessed to the killings. He died in prison and guards found his body under his bed with a plastic garbage bag tied around his head. Salvi had also confessed to a non-lethal attack in Norfolk, Virginia days before the Brookline killings.
  • January 29, 1998: Robert Sanderson, an off-duty police officer who worked as a security guard at an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Alabama, was killed when his workplace was bombed. Eric Robert Rudolph, who was also responsible for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing, was charged with the crime and received two life sentences as a result.
  • October 23, 1998: Dr. Barnett Slepian was shot to death with a high-powered rifle at his home in Amherst, New York.[11] His was the last in a series of similar shootings against providers in Canada and northern New York state which were all likely committed by James Kopp. Kopp was convicted of Slepian's murder after being apprehended in France in 2001.
  • May 31, 2009: Scott Roeder as Tiller served as an usher at a church in Wichita, Kansas.[I 5]

Attempted murder, assault, and kidnapping

According to statistics gathered by the attempted murders, 383 death threats, 153 incidents of assault or battery, 13 wounded,[12] 100 butyric acid attacks, 373 physical invasions, 41 bombings, 655 anthrax threats,[13] and 3 kidnappings committed against abortion providers.[I 6] Between 1997 and 1990 77 death threats were made with 250 made between 1991 to 1999 .[12] Attempted murders in the U.S. included:[I 1][I 7][I 8] IN 1985 45% of clinics reported bomb threats, decreasing to 15% in 2000. One fifth of clinics in 2000 experienced some form of extreme activity. [14]

  • August 1982: Three men identifying as the Army of God kidnapped Hector Zevallos (a doctor and clinic owner) and his wife, Rosalee Jean, holding them for eight days.[I 9]
  • August 19, 1993: Dr. Wichita, Kansas. Shelley Shannon was charged with the crime and received an 11-year prison sentence (20 years were later added for arson and acid attacks on clinics).
  • July 29, 1994: June Barret was shot in the same attack which claimed the lives of James Barrett, her husband, and Dr. John Britton.
  • December 30, 1994: Five individuals were wounded in the shootings which killed Shannon Lowney and Lee Ann Nichols.
  • December 18, 1996: Dr. Calvin Jackson of New Orleans, Louisiana was stabbed 15 times, losing 4 pints of blood. Donald Cooper was charged with second degree attempted murder and was sentenced to 20 years. "Donald Cooper's Day of Violence", by Kara Lowentheil, Choice! Magazine, December 21, 2004.
  • October 28, 1997: Dr. David Gandell of Rochester, New York was injured by flying glass when a shot was fired through the window of his home.[I 10]
  • January 29, 1998: Emily Lyons, a nurse, was severely injured, and lost an eye, in the bombing which also killed off-duty police officer Robert Sanderson.

Arson, bombing, and property crime

According to NAF, since 1977 in the United States and Canada, property crimes committed against abortion providers have included 41 bombings, 173 arsons, 91 attempted bombings or arsons, 619 bomb threats, 1630 incidents of trespassing, 1264 incidents of vandalism, and 100 attacks with butyric acid ("stink bombs").[I 6] The New York Times also cites over one hundred clinic bombings and incidents of arson, over three hundred invasions, and over four hundred incidents of vandalism between 1978 and 1993.[I 11] The first clinic arson occurred in Oregon in March 1976 and the first bombing occurred in February 1978 in Ohio.[I 12] Incidents have included:

  • May 26, 1983: Joseph Grace set the Hillcrest clinic in Norfolk, Virginia ablaze. He was arrested while sleeping in his van a few blocks from the clinic when an alert patrol officer noticed the smell of kerosene.[I 13]
  • May 12, 1984: Two men entered a Birmingham, Alabama clinic shortly after a lone woman opened the doors at 7:45 am. Forcing their way into the clinic, one of the men threatened the woman if she tried to prevent the attack while the other, wielding a sledgehammer, did between $7,500 and $8,000 of damage to suction equipment. The man who damaged the equipment was later identified as Father Edward Markley. Father Markley is a Benedictine Monk who was the Birmingham diocesan "Coordinator for Pro-Life Activities". Markley was convicted of first-degree criminal mischief and second-degree burglary. His accomplice has never been identified. Following the Birmingham incident, Markley entered the Women's Community Health Center in Huntsville Alabama, assaulting at least three clinic workers. One of the workers, Kathryn Wood received back injuries and a broken neck vertebrae. Markley was convicted of first-degree criminal mischief and three counts of third-degree assault and harassment in the Huntsville attack.[I 14]
  • December 25, 1984: An abortion clinic and two physicians' offices in Pensacola, Florida, were bombed in the early morning of Christmas Day by a quartet of young people (Matt Goldsby, Jimmy Simmons, Kathy Simmons, Kaye Wiggins) who later called the bombings "a gift to Jesus on his birthday."[I 15][I 16][I 17] The clinic, the Ladies Center, would later be the site of the murder of Dr. John Britton and James Barrett in 1994 and a firebombing in 2012.
  • March 29, 1993: Blue Mountain Clinic in Missoula, Montana; at around 1 a.m., an arsonist snuck onto the premises and firebombed the clinic. The perpetrator, a Washington man, was ultimately caught, convicted and imprisoned. The facility was a near-total loss, but all of the patients' records, though damaged, survived the fire in metal file cabinets.[I 18][I 19][I 20]
  • May 21, 1998: Three people were injured when acid was poured at the entrances of five abortion clinics in Miami, Florida.[I 21]
  • October 1999: Martin Uphoff set fire to a Planned Parenthood clinic in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, causing US$100 worth of damage. He was later sentenced to 60 months in prison.[I 22]
  • May 28, 2000: An arson at a clinic in Concord, New Hampshire, resulted in several thousand dollars' worth of damage. The case remains unsolved.[I 23][I 24][I 25] This was the second arson at the clinic.[I 26]
  • September 30, 2000: John Earl, a Catholic priest, drove his car into the Northern Illinois Health Clinic after learning that the FDA had approved the drug RU-486. He pulled out an ax before being forced to the ground by the owner of the building, who fired two warning shots from a shotgun.[I 27]
  • June 11, 2001: An unsolved bombing at a clinic in Tacoma, Washington, destroyed a wall, resulting in $6,000 in damages.[I 22][I 28]
  • July 4, 2005: A clinic Palm Beach, Florida, was the target of an arson. The case remains open.[I 22]
  • December 12, 2005: Patricia Hughes and Jeremy Dunahoe threw a Molotov cocktail at a clinic in Shreveport, Louisiana. The device missed the building and no damage was caused. In August 2006, Hughes was sentenced to six years in prison, and Dunahoe to one year. Hughes claimed the bomb was a "memorial lamp" for an abortion she had had there.[I 29]
  • September 11, 2006 David McMenemy of Rochester Hills, Michigan, crashed his car into the Edgerton Women's Care Center in Davenport, Iowa. He then doused the lobby in gasoline and started a fire. McMenemy committed these acts in the belief that the center was performing abortions; however, Edgerton is not an abortion clinic.[I 30] Time magazine listed the incident in a "Top 10 Inept Terrorist Plots" list.[I 31]
  • April 25, 2007: A package left at a women's health clinic in Austin, Texas, contained an explosive device capable of inflicting serious injury or death. A bomb squad detonated the device after evacuating the building. Paul Ross Evans (who had a criminal record for armed robbery and theft) was found guilty of the crime.[I 32]
  • May 9, 2007: An unidentified person deliberately set fire to a Planned Parenthood clinic in Virginia Beach, Virginia.[I 33]
  • December 6, 2007: Chad Altman and Sergio Baca were arrested for the arson of Dr. Curtis Boyd's clinic in Albuquerque. Baca's girlfriend had scheduled an appointment for an abortion at the clinic.[I 34][I 35]
  • January 22, 2009 Matthew L. Derosia, 32, who was reported to have had a history of mental illness[I 36] rammed an SUV into the front entrance of a Planned Parenthood clinic in St. Paul, Minnesota.[I 37]
  • January 1, 2012 Bobby Joe Rogers, 41, firebombed the American Family Planning Clinic in Pensacola, Florida, with a Molotov cocktail; the fire gutted the building. Rogers told investigators that he was motivated to commit the crime by his opposition to abortion, and that what more directly prompted the act was seeing a patient enter the clinic during one of the frequent anti-abortion protests there. The clinic had previously been bombed at Christmas in 1984 and was the site of the murder of Dr. John Britton and James Barrett in 1994.[I 38]
  • April 1, 2012 A bomb exploded on the windowsill of a Planned Parenthood clinic in Grand Chute, Wisconsin, resulting in a fire that damaged one of the clinic's examination rooms. No injuries were reported.
  • April 11, 2013 A Planned Parenthood clinic in Bloomington, Indiana, was vandalized with an axe.[I 39]
  • September 4, 2015 A Planned Parenthood clinic in Pullman, Washington was intentionally set on fire. No injuries were reported due to the time of day, but the FBI was involved because of a history of domestic terrorism against the clinic.[I 40]
  • October 22, 2015 A Planned Parenthood clinic in Claremont, New Hampshire was vandalized by a juvenile intruder. Damaged in the attack were computers, furniture, plumbing fixtures, office equipment, medical equipment, phone lines, windows, and walls. The flooding that resulted from the vandalism also damaged an adjacent business.[I 41] [I 42]

Anthrax threats

The first hoax letters claiming to contain anthrax were mailed to U.S. clinics in October 1998, a few days after the Slepian shooting; since then, there have been 655 such bioterror threats made against abortion providers. None of the "anthrax" in these cases was real.[I 7][I 43]

  • November 2001: After the genuine 2001 anthrax attacks, Clayton Waagner mailed hoax letters containing a white powder to 554 clinics. On December 3, 2003, Waagner was convicted of 51 charges relating to the anthrax scare.


  • July 16, 2001: Steven Rogers, a security guard at a clinic in Melbourne, Australia was shot in the chest and killed by Peter James Knight. Knight brought ropes and gags into the clinic along with 16 litres of kerosene, intending to burn all 15 staff and 26 patients to death.[I 44][I 45] Knight was charged and was sentenced to life in prison on November 19, 2002.[I 46]
  • January 6, 2009: A firebombing using Molotov cocktails was attempted at a medical clinic in Mosman Park, Western Australia. Faulty construction of the bombs limited damage to a single external burnt area, though if successful damage would have been severe. It is believed that the individuals who made the attack were responsible for graffiti "baby killers" on the site, indicating an anti-abortion reason for the attack. The site turned out to in fact not be an abortion clinic, though the attackers most likely were not aware of this.[I 47]


Attempted murder

Violence has also occurred in Canada, where at least three doctors have been attacked to date. There is speculation that the timing of the shootings is related to the Canadian observance of Remembrance Day. The physicians were part of a pattern of attacks, which targeted providers in Canada and upstate New York, including Dr. Barnett Slepian. All victims were shot, or shot at, in their homes with a rifle, at dusk or in the morning, in late October or early November.

A joint Canadian-F.B.I. task force investigating the shootings was not formed until December 1997—three years after the first attack. A task force coordinator, Inspector David Bowen of the Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Police, complained that the Canadian Government was not adequately financing the investigation. Inspector Bowen said the task force, largely financed by the communities where the shootings occurred, has "operated on a shoestring" with a budget of $100,000. He said he requested more funds in July that would raise its budget to $250,000. Federal officials rejected the request on Oct 15, a week before Dr. Slepian was killed. Inspector Bowen said that there hadn't been funding to follow up potential leads.[I 48]

James Kopp, an American citizen and resident was charged with the murder of Dr. Slepian and the attempted murder of Dr. Short; he is suspected of having committed the other shootings as well.[I 7][I 8]

  • November 8, 1994: In 1994, a sniper fired two bullets into the home of Dr. Garson Romalis, 57, of Vancouver, British Columbia who was eating breakfast. One hit his thigh, destroyed some of his muscles, broke his femur and damaged his femoral artery. Dr. Romalis saved his own life by using his bathrobe belt as a tourniquet. Dr. Romalis had become more outspoken about abortion rights since he was shot, citing the harm done to women by illegal abortion and the thousands of cases of septic abortion that came to his hospital in residency.[I 48][I 49]
  • November 10, 1995: Dr. Hugh Short, 62, of Ancaster, Ontario was shot. A sniper's bullet fired into his home shattered his elbow and ended his surgical career. Dr. Short was not a high-profile target: it was not widely known that he did abortions.[I 48]
  • November 11, 1997: Dr. Jack Fainman, 66, of Winnipeg, Manitoba was shot. A gunman fired through the back window of Fainman's riverbank home in Winnipeg about 9 pm and struck him in the right shoulder, inches from his heart. The police would not comment on whether Dr. Fainman, who has declined interview requests since the attack, is still performing abortions.[I 48]
  • July 11, 2000: Dr. Romalis was stabbed by an unidentified assailant in the lobby of his clinic.[I 50]

Bombing and property damage

  • February 25, 1990: Two men broke into a clinic in Vancouver and destroyed $C30,000 worth of medical equipment with crowbars.[I 51]
  • May 18, 1992: A [15]

New Zealand

In the late 1990s, Graeme White was found guilty and sent to prison for tunneling into an abortion clinic[I 54][I 55] with what the police described as "incendiary devices".[I 56]

Specific incidents

Violence by Army of God

According to the [17]

In August 1982, three men identifying as the Army of God kidnapped Hector Zevallos (a doctor and clinic owner) and his wife, Rosalee Jean, holding them for eight days.[18] In 1993,

  • "The Roots of Terror – A special report: Is Abortion Violence a Plot? Conspiracy Is Not Confirmed," by Timothy Egan in The New York Times
  • MSNBC: Abortion Clinic Violence
  • Feminist Majority Foundation: Clinic Violence (pro-choice)
  • National Abortion Federation: Clinic Violence (pro-choice)
  • American Right To Life's Abortion Vigilante Worksheet

External links

  1. ^ Braille Library. (September 1999). Narrated by David Hartley Margolin. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  2. ^ Gideon's Torch. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ Bennett, Lisa (October 27, 2009). "Law & Order Dis-Honors Dr. Tiller with Portrayal of Abortion Provider as Murderer". Media Hall of Shame.  
  4. ^ "Law & Order's" Wholly Unexpected Treatment of Abortion Is Must-Watch Television
  5. ^ Barrett-Ibarra, Sofia. "Why Is Pennsatucky In Jail? The 'Orange Is The New Black' Prisoner Has A History Of Violence". Bustle. Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Manson, Marilyn (May 28, 1999), "Columbine: Whose Fault Is It?", Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  7. ^ Goldberg, Michelle (November 17, 1999), "Sharps & Flats", Retrieved February 10, 2007.

Media depictions

  1. ^ a b "Clinic violence and intimidation" (PDF). NARAL Pro-Choice America Foundation. 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 9, 2010. .
  2. ^ Another abortion doctor, George Wayne Patterson, was shot and killed outside an adult movie theater in  ; Encyclopedia of TerrorismH. Kushner, , Sage Publications, 2003, p.39
  3. ^ Alesha E. Doan (2007). Opposition and Intimidation:The abortion wars and strategies of political harassment. University of Michigan. p. 23. 
  4. ^ Rimer, Sara. "The Clinic Gunman and the Victim". Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Joe Rodriguez, Tim Potter and Stan Finger (June 1, 2009). "Suspect in shooting death of abortion provider George Tiller may be charged today". The Wichita Eagle. Archived from the original on October 31, 2010. Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b National Abortion Federation (2009), "Incidence of Violence & Disruption Against Abortion Providers in the U.S. & Canada". Retrieved February 9, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c Robinson, B.A., Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (November 9, 2004), "Violence & Harassment at U.S. Abortion Clinics". Retrieved April 13, 2006.
  8. ^ a b National Abortion Federation (2006), "Clinic Violence: History of Violence". Retrieved April 13, 2006.
  9. ^ Baird-Windle, Patricia & Bader, Eleanor J., (2001), Targets of Hatred: Anti-Abortion Terrorism, New York, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-23925-1
  10. ^ "Abortion politics meet law enforcement". WorldNetDaily. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  11. ^ "The Death of Dr. Gunn". The New York Times. March 12, 1993. 
  12. ^ National Abortion Federation. (2007). "Arsons and Bombings." Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  13. ^ Blanchard, Dallas (1993). Religious Violence and Abortion. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. p. 190.  
  14. ^ Blanchard, Dallas (1993). Religious Violence and Abortion - The Gideon Project. Gainesville, Florida: the University Press of Florida. pp. 191–193.  
  15. ^ Triggle, Nick (June 1, 2009) "Anti-abortion and violence in the US" BBC News
  16. ^ Churchville, Victoria (January 6, 1985) "Bomb Suspects Cite Religious Motive" The Washington Post p. A-16
  17. ^ See also: Christmas abortion bombings at Pensacola wiki
  18. ^ "- History". Blue Mountain Clinic. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  19. ^ "A choice alternative". Missoula News. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  20. ^ Blue Mountain Clinic Aftermath. YouTube. October 25, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  21. ^ "3 injured in Fla. abortion clinic vandalism; FBI launches probe", The Baltimore Sun, May 22, 1998
  22. ^ a b c "History of Violence/Extreme Violence". National Abortion Federation. 
  23. ^ Daley, B.(2000, May 30). The Boston Globe. "Abortion Clinic Fire 'Suspicious': Women's Health Center Has Been Target Of Past Protests, Vandalism" Lexis Nexis Academic Universe. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
  24. ^ "National News Briefs; Fire at Abortion Clinic Is Investigated as Arson". The New York Times. May 30, 2000. 
  25. ^ "N.h. Abortion Clinic Fire May Have Been An Arson". Orlando Sentinel. May 30, 2000. 
  26. ^ "Arson suspected in abortion clinic fire". Amarillo Globe-News. Associated Press. May 30, 2000. 
  27. ^ "Axe-wielding priest attacks abortion clinic". CNN. September 30, 2000. Retrieved January 26, 2009. 
  28. ^ "Blast Damages Clinic Used for Abortions". The New York Times. June 12, 2001. Retrieved October 13, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Louisiana Clinic Bomber Pleads Guilty".  
  30. ^ "Man Crashes Into Davenport Health Clinic". Davenport, IA:  
  31. ^ Fletcher, Dan. "Top 10 Inept Terrorist Plots" Time 2009-09-08. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
  32. ^ "Intelligence Report". Fall 2007 Anti-Abortion Violence. Retrieved March 26, 2009.  .
  33. ^ "Planned Parenthood Arson". WKTR. May 12, 2007. Retrieved May 14, 2007. 
  34. ^ "Suspects In Abortion Clinic Fire Plead Not Guilty". Albuquerque:  .
  35. ^ "New Mexico: Did You Know?".  
  36. ^ Anthony Lonetree (January 23, 2009). "Man charged with driving into Planned Parenthood facility".  
  37. ^ "Man charged with driving into Planned Parenthood facility". Minneapolis Star-Tribune. January 23, 2009. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
  38. ^ Nelson, Melissa (January 6, 2012). "Man arrested, charged in Fla. abortion clinic fire". Yahoo! Finance. Associated Press. 
  39. ^ Police: Man damaged Bloomington Planned Parenthood building, cited religious beliefs
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^ "Anthrax Attacks". National Abortion Federation (2007). Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  44. ^ Paul Anderson (11 March 2014). "Deluded pro-life crusader Peter James Knight kills guard, but wanted more dead after he brought his gun and hatred to an abortion clinic in Melbourne". Herald Sun. 
  45. ^ Jamie Berry (20 Nov 2002). Remorseless' recluse gets life"'". The Age. 
  46. ^ "Australian abortion clinic guard killed". BBC News. July 16, 2001. Retrieved April 13, 2006. 
  47. ^ "Arsonists attack mosman park clinic". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. July 16, 2001. Retrieved April 13, 2006. .
  48. ^ a b c d Rhode, David. Sniper attacks on doctors create climate of fear in Canada, New York Times, 1998-10-29 (accessed August 29, 2011)
  49. ^ Romalis, Garson. Garson Romalis: Why I am an abortion doctor
  50. ^ "Canada abortion doctor stabbed". BBC News. July 13, 2000. Retrieved April 13, 2006. .
  51. ^ Diemer, Ulli. (May 1990). News Briefs. Connexions Digest. Retrieved February 11, 2007.
  52. ^ Bagley, Gordon. (1992). Bombing of Toronto abortion clinic raises stakes in bitter debate. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 147(10), 1528–1533. Retrieved February 10, 2007.
  53. ^ Bagley, Gordon. Bombing of Toronto abortion clinic raises stakes in bitter debate. Canadian Medical Association Journal, Volume 147, p. 1528. 1992
  54. ^ "Search for missing swimmer called off".  
  55. ^ "'"Tributes to 'John the Baptist figure.  
  56. ^ Horton, Murray (December 2007). "Obituary: Graeme White". Peace Researcher.  

List of incidents by country

  1. ^ Jelen, Ted G (1998). "Abortion". Encyclopedia of Religion and Society. Walnut Creek, California: AltaMira Press. .
  2. ^ "Domestic Terrorism". December 8, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ Smith, G. Davidson (Tim) (1998). "Single Issue Terrorism Commentary". Canadian Security Intelligence Service. Archived from the original on July 14, 2006. Retrieved June 9, 2006. .
  4. ^ Wilson, Michele; Lynxwiler, John (1988). "Abortion clinic violence as terrorism". Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 11 (4): 263–273.  
  5. ^ O'Keefe, Mark (January 24, 1999). "Anarchy in the name of God".  .
  6. ^ Nice, David C. (February 1988). "Abortion Clinic Bombings as Political Violence". American Journal of Political Science 32 (1): 178–195.  
  7. ^
    • Al-Khattar, Aref M. (2003). Religion and terrorism: an interfaith perspective. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 58–59. 
    • Harmon, Christopher C. (2000). Terrorism today. Psychology Press. p. 42. 
    • McAfee, Ward M. (2010). The Dialogue Comes of Age: Christian Encounters with Other Traditions. Fortress Press. p. 90. 
    • Flint, Colin Robert (2006). Introduction to geopolitics. Psychology Press. p. 172. 
    • Peoples, James; Bailey, Garrick (2008). Humanity: an introduction to cultural anthropology. Cengage. p. 371. 
    • Dolnik, Adam;  
    • The terrorism ahead: confronting transnational violence in the twenty-first century, Paul J. Smith, p 94
    • Religion and Politics in America: The Rise of Christian Evangelists, Muhammad Arif Zakaullah, p 109
    • Terrorism: An Investigator's Handbook, William E. Dyson, p 43
    • Encyclopedia of terrorism, Cindy C. Combs, Martin W. Slann, p 13
    • Armed for Life: The Army of God and Anti-Abortion Terror in the United States, Jennifer Jefferis, p 40
  8. ^ Jones RK, Kooistra K (March 2011). "Abortion Incidence and Access to Services In the United States, 2008" (PDF). Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 43 (1): 41–50.  
  9. ^ Eggertson L (March 2001). "Abortion services in Canada: a patchwork quilt with many holes".  
  11. ^ Rhode, David. Sniper attacks on doctors create climate of fear in Canada, New York Times, 1998-10-29 (accessed August 29, 2011)
  12. ^ a b Doan 2007, p. 23.
  13. ^ Doan 2007, p. 110.
  14. ^ Doan 2007, p. 113.
  15. ^ Bagley, Gordon. Bombing of Toronto abortion clinic raises stakes in bitter debate. Canadian Medical Association Journal, Volume 147, p. 1528. 1992
  16. ^ "Terrorist Organization Profile:Army of God". Terrorism Knowledge Base. 2004–2008. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Jefferis, Jefferis (2011). Armed for Life: The Army of God and Anti-Abortion Terror in the United States. ABC-CLIO. 
  18. ^ a b Baird-Windle, Patricia & Bader, Eleanor J., (2001), Targets of Hatred: Anti-Abortion Terrorism, New York, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-312-23925-1
  19. ^ Warner, Bill (May 31, 2009). "Bill Warner Private Investigator Sarasota Fl to Panama City, Male & Female Detectives Dr. George Tiller Murdered by Army of God (AOG) Member, Shooting Suspect Scott P. Roeder Identified By Sheriff, AOG Alive And Well in Wichita Kansas. Bill Warner Private Investigator". Retrieved November 22, 2009. 
  20. ^ Robinson, B.A., Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance (November 9, 2004), "Violence & Harassment at U.S. Abortion Clinics". Retrieved April 13, 2006.
  21. ^ "Army of God letters claim responsibility for clinic bombing". CNN. February 2, 1998. 
  22. ^ Jefferis, Jennifer (2011). Armed for Life: The Army of God and Anti-Abortion Terror in the United States. ABC-CLIO. p. 40. 
  23. ^ Eviatar, Daphne (June 3, 2009). "Little-Enforced Law Opens Window for Suits Against Extremist Groups". Washington Independent. Retrieved November 23, 2009. 
  24. ^ Volokh, Eugene (April 3, 2001). "Menacing Speech, Today and During the Civil Rights Movement". Retrieved November 23, 2009. 
  25. ^ Clarkson, Frederick (May 31, 2001). "Journalists or terrorists?". Retrieved April 13, 2006. 
  26. ^ Roberts, Joel (May 16, 2002). "Anti-Abortion Activists Lose In Court". CBS News. 
  27. ^ "Pro-life proclamation against violence". American Life League. Retrieved April 13, 2006. 
  28. ^ "National Coalition for Life and Peace Condemns Abortion Facility Bombing". 
  29. ^ "Pro-life Leaders Respond to Tiller Shooting". Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  30. ^ "The Shooting of George Tiller: Pro-lifers fear that the shooting death of the late-term abortionist may bring greater restrictions to their largely peaceful movement". National Catholic Register. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Randall Terry: "George Tiller was a mass-murderer. We grieve for him that he did not have time to properly prepare his soul to face God." (Randall Terry Press Release, with editorial response)". Media Matters. May 31, 2009. Retrieved September 25, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b c Ernest Luning (May 31, 2009). "Attorney general directs U.S. marshals to protect abortion clinics, providers".  
  33. ^ "Clinic Killings Follow Years of Antiabortion Violence". 1995-01-17. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 
  34. ^ Eckenwiler, Mark (April 18, 1995). "Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE) FAQ". Retrieved February 10, 2007. 
  35. ^ "TC Boyle Resource Center". Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  36. ^ "Hammered". IMDB. 
  37. ^ Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music; Powell; p931; Hendrickson Publishers; paperback edition (August 2002)



See also

  • "[media 3] Meanwhile, anti-abortion activists had condemned the killing of Tiller that inspired the episode, but praised the episode for being "outright pro-life", with Dave Andrusko of the National Right to Life Committee saying, "[I]t occurred to me as I listened in utter astonishment that each of these observations could have been presented in a way that was artificial, forced, or (as so often is the case with network portraits of pro-lifers) something that you would expect from an idiot. None of that was the case. These were real flesh-and-blood people, not caricatures."[media 4]
  • "Hammered", a 2009 episode of Law and Order: Special Victims Unit showed the possible motive of a murder as anti-abortion violence. The Nuremberg Files site is mentioned in the episode when detectives tell the doctor's ex-husband about the murder. The abortion clinic they visit has bulletproof glass, because it had been the target of a sniper who shot and wounded a receptionist. When the detectives go to the clinic, they experience an egging of the clinic as they look into collecting several boxes of hate mail that the clinic received.[36]
  • "Thou Shalt Not Kill", the 2002 premiere episode of the BBC series Spooks is about a fictional anti-abortion terrorist leader visiting the UK to establish a series of terror cells.
  • "Pro-Life", a 2007 episode of the Showtime Masters of Horror TV series, tells the tale of a Christian man whose daughter is raped by a demon. When she tries to have her unnatural child aborted, her Christian father starts hearing messages from a voice he thinks is "God". He and her brothers storm the abortion clinic and kill any in their way.
  • "Bored of the Rings", a 2007 episode from The Sarah Silverman Program a radical anti-abortion group attempts to bomb an abortion clinic, but are stopped by Sarah.
  • On Orange Is The New Black (2013 – present as of 2015), the character Tiffany "Pennsatucky" Doggett has been imprisoned for shooting an abortion clinic nurse, after the nurse made comments on the number of abortions she had. The character is portrayed as being a self-proclaimed evangelical Christian after the incident and is funded by pro-life groups.[media 5]
  • The Fourth Procedure, a 1995 novel by Stanley Pottinger, is a medical thriller and murder mystery that depicts anti-abortion violence in its plot. Two men responsible for the bombing of an abortion clinic turn up dead with baby dolls surgically implanted inside of them.[media 1]
  • Insomnia (1994), by Stephen King, has much of the plot focusing around violent anti-abortion campaigners and their opposition to a pro-choice speech due to be held in their town. The group murders several women they believe to be seeking abortions and attempts to assassinate the speaker. They are motivated by a conspiracy theory that the speaker is part of a secret society that was a continuation of Herod's Massacre of the Innocents.
  • "Killing Babies" (1996), by T. C. Boyle,[35] a highly controversial short story written in response to attacks on abortion providers. The story first appeared in The New Yorker and was included in The Best American Short Stories 1997.
  • Gideon's Torch, a 1995 novel by Charles Colson and Ellen Santilli Vaughn, begins with the murder of a doctor who provides abortions and chronicles political fallout from the murder and a resulting government crackdown on right-to-lifers.[media 2]

Media depictions of Anti-abortion violence

The Federal Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act was passed in 1994 to protect reproductive health service facilities and their staff and patients from violent threats, assault, vandalism, and blockade. The law (18 U.S.C. sec. 248) also provides the same level of legal protection to all pregnancy-related medical clinics, including pro-life counseling centers; it also applies to use of such tactics directed towards churches and places of worship.[34] State, provincial, and local governments have also passed similar laws designed to afford legal protection of access to abortion in the United States and Canada.

Organizations that support abortion rights have responded to anti-abortion violence by lobbying to protect access to abortion clinics. The National Abortion Federation and the Feminist Majority Foundation collect statistics on incidents of anti-abortion violence.

Abortion rights supporters' reactions

The Rev. Flip Benham, director of Operation Rescue, accused "those in the abortion-providing industry" of committing most of the violence in an attempt to discredit the antiabortion movement. He defended his organization's use of inflammatory rhetoric, saying: "This whole thing isn't about violence. It's all about silence – silencing the Christian message. That's what they want." He also stated, "Our inflammatory rhetoric is only revealing a far more inflammatory truth."[33]

In a 2009 press release, Operation Rescue founder Randall Terry issued a statement calling for peaceful protests to expose abortionists. According to Media Matters and the Colorado Independent, however, Terry has also lead apparently contradictory public prayers that an abortion provider would "[convert] to God" or that "calamity [would] strike him".[31][32] Terry added that he hoped the "baby killer would be tried and executed for crimes against humanity".[32] The doctor targeted by Terry's prayers said to the press, "He's clearly inciting someone, anyone, to kill me."; a spokesman responded that Terry only meant that "God would deal the [the doctor]".[32]

[30][29] Many anti-abortion organizations—including

[28] The

Anti-abortion reactions


In the late 1990s, an organization called hit list intended to incite violence; others claimed that it was protected under the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.[25] In 2002, after a prolonged debate, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the "posters" constituted an illegal threat.[26]

Physician "wanted" posters

[22] The AOG claimed responsibility for [17][20] The Army of God published a "Defensive Action Statement" signed by more than two dozen supporters of Hill, saying that "whatever force is legitimate to defend the life of a born child is legitimate to defend the life of an unborn child... if in fact Paul Hill did kill or wound abortionist John Britton, and accomplices James Barrett and Mrs. Barrett, his actions are morally justified if they were necessary for the purpose of defending innocent human life".

was found guilty of the murder of both Dr. John Britton and clinic escort James Barrett. Paul Jennings Hill [18], a tactical guide to arson, chemical attacks, invasions, and bombings buried in Shelly Shannon's backyard.Army of God Manual That same year, law enforcement officials found the [19]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.