World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Aralsk

Article Id: WHEBN0002199391
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aralsk  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aral Sea, Dike Kokaral, List of nuclear weapons tests, Haloxylon ammodendron, Terra Circa, Soviet biological weapons program
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Aralsk

This article is about the city in Kazakhstan. For other uses, see Aral (disambiguation).
Aral
Арал
Aral
Aral
Location in Kazakhstan

Coordinates: 46°47′0″N 61°40′0″E / 46.78333°N 61.66667°E / 46.78333; 61.66667

Country  Kazakhstan
Province Kyzylorda
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 29,987


Aral, also known as Aralsk or Aral'sk, (Kazakh: Арал, Russian: Аральск) Coordinates: 46°47′N 61°40′E / 46.783°N 61.667°E / 46.783; 61.667 is a small city in south-western Kazakhstan, located in the oblast (region) of Kyzylorda. It serves as the administrative center of Aral District. Aral was formerly a fishing port and harbour city on the banks of the Aral Sea, and was a major supplier of fish to the neighboring region. Population: Template:Kz-census2009 Template:Kz-census1999

History

Early settlement

Decline

Since the retreat of the Aral Sea since 1960, due to diversion of the rivers flowing into it for irrigation, mainly of cotton, during the Soviet era, Aral is now completely landlocked about 12 km from the northern remnant of the Aral Sea, though this is less than the 100 km distance observed before the completion of a dam in 2005. Aral has greatly diminished in population and socioeconomic significance, resulting in high levels of unemployment. For the last 25 years it has not been possible to see the sea from the town. There are also serious health problems for the local population caused by airborne toxic chemicals exposed to the wind by the retreating waters and, possibly, from chemical and biological agents unsafely stored on the island of Vozrozhdeniya.

Aral smallpox incident

Main article: Aral smallpox incident

In 1971, a massive public health response to a smallpox outbreak in Aral ensued once the disease was recognized as resulting from release of weaponized smallpox from a nearby biological weapons test site. In less than 2 weeks, approximately 50,000 residents of Aral were vaccinated. Household quarantine of potentially exposed individuals was enacted, and hundreds were isolated in a makeshift facility at the edge of the city. All traffic in and out of the city was stopped, and approximately 54,000 square feet of living space and 18 metric tons of household goods were decontaminated by health officials. The original outbreak sickened ten people in Aral, of whom 3 died.[2]

Climate

Aral has a cold desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWk) with cold winters and hot summers.

Climate data for Aral
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
17.8
(64)
29.2
(84.6)
33.9
(93)
39.9
(103.8)
46.9
(116.4)
44.8
(112.6)
44.4
(111.9)
41.0
(105.8)
32.6
(90.7)
24.7
(76.5)
10.3
(50.5)
46.9
(116.4)
Average high °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
3.7
(38.7)
17.7
(63.9)
25.7
(78.3)
32.3
(90.1)
34.2
(93.6)
32.4
(90.3)
25.2
(77.4)
15.4
(59.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
11.2
(52.2)
18.9
(66)
25.5
(77.9)
27.6
(81.7)
25.5
(77.9)
18.0
(64.4)
8.9
(48)
−0.4
(31.3)
−7.6
(18.3)
8.8
(47.8)
Average low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−13.6
(7.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.2
(41.4)
12.1
(53.8)
18.2
(64.8)
20.5
(68.9)
18.3
(64.9)
11.1
(52)
3.2
(37.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−11.0
(12.2)
3.3
(37.9)
Record low °C (°F) −37.9
(−36.2)
−37.2
(−35)
−36.1
(−33)
−15.9
(3.4)
−5.4
(22.3)
3.6
(38.5)
8.2
(46.8)
5.4
(41.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
−15.7
(3.7)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−34.8
(−30.6)
−37.9
(−36.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
10
(0.39)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
15
(0.59)
15
(0.59)
8
(0.31)
5
(0.2)
6
(0.24)
12
(0.47)
13
(0.51)
12
(0.47)
135
(5.31)
Avg. rainy days 4 4 6 8 10 7 8 5 5 7 7 5 76
Avg. snowy days 16 12 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 13 55
 % humidity 84 82 76 53 45 37 37 37 43 58 76 82 59
Source: Pogoda.ru.net [3]

References

Further reading

External links

Template:Sister-inline

  • News story on the plight of Aralsk and the Aral Sea. [1]
  • The shrinking Aral Sea. [2]
  • Bringing life back to Asia's 'dead' sea. [3]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.