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Archebios

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Title: Archebios  
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Subject: Menander I, Greco-Buddhism, List of Indian monarchs, Maues, Menander II, Peukolaos, Polyxenos Epiphanes Soter, Timeline of Indo-Greek kingdoms, History of the Indo-Greek Kingdom
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Archebios

Archebius
Indo-Greek king
Dharma.
Reign 90–80 BCE
Titles Dikaios Nikephoros ("The Just and Victorious")

Archebius Dikaios Nikephoros "The Just/Follower of the Dharma and Victorious" was an Indo-Greek king who ruled in the area of Taxila. Osmund Bopearachchi dates him to circa 90–80 BCE, and R. C. Senior to about the same period. He was probably one of the last Indo-Greek kings before the Saka king Maues conquered Taxila, and a contemporary of Hermaeus in the west. He may have been a relative of Heliokles II, who used a similar reverse and also the title Dikaios.

Coin types

Archebius issued silver with diademed or helmeted king, sometimes in spear-throwing pose. On the reverse is Zeus standing facing, holding a thunderbolt or on some issues an aegis.

Archebius also struck a rare series of Attic tetradrachms, found in Bactria.

He issued bronzes with an owl / Nike.

Overstrikes

Archebius overstruck two coins of Peukolaos.

Preceded by:
(In Arachosia and Gandhara)
Menander II

(In Punjab)
Artemidoros
Indo-Greek Ruler
(Arachosia, Gandhara, Punjab)
(90–80 BCE)
Succeeded by:
Indo-Scythian king:
Maues
INDO-GREEK KINGS AND THEIR TERRITORIES
Based on Bopearachchi (1991)
Territories/
Dates
PAROPAMISADE
ARACHOSIA GANDHARA WESTERN PUNJAB EASTERN PUNJAB
200–190 BCE
190–180 BCE 50px
185–170 BCE
180–160 BCE
175–170 BCE
170–145 BCE
160–155 BCE
155–130 BCE
130–120 BCE 50px
120–110 BCE 50px 50px
110–100 BCE
100 BCE 50px
100–95 BCE Philoxenus
95–90 BCE Diomedes
90 BCE 50px Thraso
90–85 BCE
90–70 BCE 50px
Yuezhi tribes Maues (Indo-Scythian)
75–70 BCE
65–55 BCE Dionysios
55–35 BCE Azes I (Indo-Scythian)
55–35 BCE 50px
25 BCE – 10 CE
Rajuvula (Indo-Scythian)

External links

  • Coins of Archebios

References

  • "The Shape of Ancient Thought. Comparative studies in Greek and Indian Philosophies" by Thomas McEvilley (Allworth Press and the School of Visual Arts, 2002) ISBN 1-58115-203-5
  • "Buddhism in Central Asia" by B. N. Puri (Motilal Banarsidass Pub, January 1, 2000) ISBN 81-208-0372-8
  • "The Greeks in Bactria and India", W. W. Tarn, Cambridge University Press.
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