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Armenia–Denmark relations

Armenia-Denmark relations
Map indicating locations of Denmark and Armenia



Armenia–Denmark relations refers to the

  • Karekin Dickran (2004). "Maria Jacobsen and the genocide in Armenia". The Danish Peace Academy. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  • When the Cannons Talk, the Diplomats Must Be Silent": A Danish Diplomat in Constantinople during the Armenian Genocide.  
  • Maria Jacobsen. Diaries of a Danish Missionary: Harpoot, 1907–1919.  

Further reading

  1. ^ "Embassy of Armenia opens in Denmark". PanArmenian. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Info about Armenia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bilateral relations between Armenia and Denmark". Foreign Affairs of Armenia. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Armenian president appoints new ambassador to Denmark". ARKA News Agency. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  5. ^ "Armenia, Denmark sign an agreement on cooperation". ArmRadio. 15 September 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "Armenien vil vise flaget i Skandinavien". Standby. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  7. ^ Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, 11 - 13.  
  8. ^ a b "Starten på den danske indsats for armenierne" (in Danish). Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  9. ^  
  10. ^  
  11. ^ George, Brandes. "Armenien und Europa 1903". p. 27. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  12. ^ a b  
  13. ^ "Genocide and kidnapped Armenian women.". The Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  14. ^ "Such as the Danish Friends of Armenians". 
  15. ^ Inger Marie Okkenhaug (2007). "Women on a mission! Scandinavian welfare and the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire.". In Nefissa Naguib. Interpreting welfare and relief in the Middle East. Brill. pp. 57–83.  
  16. ^ "Denmark may be chosen as mediator in Armenia" 28 (28).  
  17. ^  
  18. ^ "Denmark may accept mandate from Armenia".  
  19. ^ AP (10 December 1988). "World Relief Pours In". Newsday. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  20. ^ "Western aid arrives in Armenia". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 10 December 1988. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  21. ^ Michael Parks (30 October 1989). "Armenia's Quake Recovery Slowed by Ethnic Conflict". Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  22. ^ "Danes to be expelled from Armenia". Human Rights in Armenia. 3 April 2003. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "Kocharyan Received Danish Ambassador". 23 November 2004. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  24. ^ "Armenia, Denmark interested in deepening bilateral relations". 17 December 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  25. ^ "Double tax agreement with Armenia signed". Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  26. ^ "Air Services Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Armenia and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark" (in Armenian). Foreign Affairs of Armenia. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  27. ^ "Denmark and Armenia Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark and the Government of the Republic of Armenia on the readmission of persons with unauthorized stay (with annexes). Copenhagen, 30 April 2003. Registration with the Secretariat of the United Nations: Denmark, 14 January 2005". 40904 (51674). 30 April 2003. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  28. ^ "Denmark Refuses to Recognize Armenian Genocide". 11 January 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  29. ^ a b "Armenian Genocide Denial in the state of Denmark. Open letter by Torben Jorgensen and Matthias Bjornlund, World Association of International Studies.". The Danish Department for Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the denial and relativization of the Armenian genocide. WAIS World Association of International studies. 27 November 2005. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  30. ^ a b "Danish Assistance To Armenia Changes Gear". Danish embassy in Kiev, Ukraine. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  31. ^ "CDM Projects Implementation in Armenia".  
  32. ^ "CDM News". Climate Change Information Center of Armenia. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  33. ^ "Memorandum of Understanding between Armenia and Denmark on cooperation for the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change". Climate Change Information Center of Armenia. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  34. ^ "Project Clean Development Mechanism Project Design (Project 0452 : Lusakert Biogas Plant (LBP), methane capture and combustion from poultry manure treatment)".  
  35. ^ "DANIDA and Disabled children in Armenia" (in Danish). 27 January 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  36. ^ Denmark's participation in international development cooperation (in Danish (search for "Armenien")).  
  37. ^ Caucasus Region - Humanitarian Aid to Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia (DANIDA's annual report). Foreign Affairs of Denmark.  ISSN 01060090
  38. ^ "Countries". Foreign Ministry of Denmark. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  39. ^ "Per Stig dirigerer u-landsmidler til Georgien, Ukraine og Armenien" (in Danish). 13 September 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2010. 
  41. ^ "Landefakta Armenien". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark (in Danish). Wayback Machine. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  42. ^ "Armenian President will not meet Erdogan in Denmark". 8 November 2005. Retrieved 20 June 2011. 
  43. ^ "Armenian FM holds meetings in Denmark". 25 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 
  44. ^ "Armenia, Denmark interested in boosting ties". Armtown. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  45. ^ "Armenian Embassy opens in Copenhagen". Armradio. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 

Notes and references

See also

On 24 November 2011, the Armenian Foreign Minister Eduard Nalbandyan visited Denmark for a meeting with the Danish Foreign Minister Villy Søvndal. Nalbandyan also thanked Denmark for the Danish assistance for the aftermath in the Spitak earthquake and in Armenia's progress since independence.[43][44] Nalbandyan attended the opening of the new Armenian embassy in Denmark and stressed that: "Raising the Armenian flag in the capital of Denmark, we demonstrate our willingness to raise our bilateral relations to a new level."[45]

In April 2003, Armenian Minister of Territorial Administration Hovik Abrahamyan visited Denmark. In August 2004, Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs Per Stig Møller visited Armenia.[3] In 2005, Denmark invited Armenian President Robert Kocharyan to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly 51st annual session in Copenhagen, but refused because Denmark also invited Turkish Premier Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.[42]

High level visits

Danish exports to Armenia in 2008 was 30.6 million DKK, while Denmark's import from Armenia, was 5 million DKK.[41]


In 2008, the two countries signed an agreement, promoting growth and employment in poor areas. Denmark provided 30 million Ukraine with 50 million DKK, for the private sector programme.[39] In June 2011, Denmark assisted Armenia with 4,7 million DKK to a programme of International Fund for Agricultural Development for the farms in Armenia.[40]

Denmark sent observers through the renewable energy project.[36] Denmark also sent aid to Armenia after the humanitarian consequences of the Nagorno-Karabakh War.[37]

In 2004, Denmark signed an agreement to assist Armenia implementing the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) protocol and help reduce their emission of greenhouse gasses. The agreement came into force in March 2005.[31][32][33][34] In 2006, Denmark assisted Armenia with 10 million DKK, for the disabled Armenian children.[35]

In the second phase of the Neighborhood Program, Armenia has a high priority. The Neighborhood Program helps Armenia with rural and economic development.[30]


[29]]sic"When it comes to the historical reality of the Armenian genocide, there is no “Armenian” or “Turkish” side of the “question,” any more than there is a “Jewish” or a “German” side of the historical reality of the Holocaust: There is a scientific side, and an unscientific side acknowledgment or denial. In the case of the denial of the Armenian genocide, it is even founded on a massive effort of falsification, distortion, cleansing of archives, and direct threats initiated or supported by the Turkish state, making any “dialogue” with Turkish deniers highly problematic." [

[29] In an open letter by the "Danish Department for Holocaust and Genocide Studies and the denial and relativization of the Armenian genocide", historians

Sources from various Danish workers active in Armenia during the early twentieth century have been used by Matthias Bjornlund to offer new perspectives on the Armenian Genocide. The Danish government does not however officially recognise that the mass killings of Armenians should be classed as a Genocide, saying the judgement of whether to do so is a matter for historians.[28]

Armenian Genocide

Since the modern state of Armenia gained independence in 1991, the two countries have worked to build ties, with both government and NGOs playing a role. According to the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, civil society agencies such as Mission Ost, the Danish Armenian Mission and the Danish Society for the Caucasus Research have been active in developing the bilateral relationship.[2] In 2003, 100 illegal Armenian immigrants lived in Denmark, and was a subject for return to Armenia, in the negotiations between the two governments.[22] In 2004, Armenia's President Robert Kocharyan discussed the developing relationship with the Danish Ambassador, conceding much work remained to be done. Both parties emphasised the importance of enhanced economic cooperation.[23] In a 2009 diplomatic meeting with Denmark's new ambassador, Armenia's President Serzh Sargsyan expressed a desire to further deepen their bilateral relationship, suggesting specific areas for increased cooperation such as agricultural and energy efficiency, where Denmark has considerable expertise.[24] Both countries signed a double tax agreement to strengthen economic relations.[25] Both countries signed an air service agreement[26] in 2000.[3] Armenia and Denmark signed a Readmission of persons with unauthorized stay agreement in April 2003.[27]

Modern Armenia

After the 1988 Spitak earthquake in Armenia, Denmark donated aid to Armenia.[19][20][21]

In November 1920, Denmark accepted the League of Nations offer to act as a mediator in the war between the Democratic Republic of Armenia and the Turkish nationalists under Mustafa Kemal.[16][17][18]

[15][12]. Jeppe and other Danes returned from Denmark to the region to continue their work on behalf of the Armenians. Their work included the establishment of the first ever Armenian agricultural village in Syria to provide a livelihood for displaced Armenians, settlements established by Jeppe and her helpers were noted for their prosperity in comparison to other camps that took in Armenians.Young Turks. By 1921 the temporary Armenian republic had collapsed under military pressure from the Henry Cabot Lodge by the power plays of Senate, was defeated in the Colonel House, weakened by a stroke and without his political fixer Woodrow Wilson, was not officially recognised by Turkey or the USA, as President Wilsonian Armenia. However the new state, Treaty of Sèvres. Armenia was granted independence shortly after World War I at the self determination also pushed for international recognition of Armenians right to [14] Unusually for European workers at the time, in the years leading up to

Danish missionaries were active in Armenia from at least the 19th century. According to Danish historian Matthias Bjornlund, missionary, Karen Jeppe can be counted as Denmark's first ever aid worker. This was because she largely refrained from preaching protestant doctrine to the Orthodox Armenians, instead concentrating on achieving humanitarian development objectives, such as improving education and performing rescue operations to free captured Armenian women.[12][13]


[11][10] and wrote a book about the Armenians in 1903.[9][8] During the


Mercantile relations between Armenia and Denmark date back to 1568, when Armenian traveler and writer Pirzade Ghap'anets'i visited Denmark.[7]



  • History 1
    • 1800s 1.1
    • 1900s 1.2
    • Modern Armenia 1.3
  • Armenian Genocide 2
  • Development 3
  • Trade 4
  • High level visits 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes and references 7
  • Further reading 8


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