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Armenian General Benevolent Union

Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU)
Formation April 15, 1906 (1906-04-15)
Type NGO
Headquarters New York City, New York
Membership
22,000
Official language
Armenian, English, French, Spanish
President
Berge Setrakian
Founder
Boghos Nubar
Budget
$36 million (annual)
Website http://www.agbu.org/

The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU, Cairo, Egypt in 1906. With the onset of World War II, headquarters were moved to New York City, New York.

With an annual international budget of over $36 million,[1] AGBU preserves and promotes the Armenian identity and heritage through educational, cultural and humanitarian programs, annually serving some 400,000 Armenians in 35 countries. In 2006, the AGBU celebrated its centenary in its headquarters in New York City.[1] The Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) was founded on April 15, 1906, in Cairo, Egypt, by the initiative of renowned national figure Boghos Nubar and other prominent representatives of the Egyptian-Armenian community to contribute to the spiritual and cultural development of the Armenian people.

The goal was to establish a union that would in every way assist the Armenian people, the future of which, as a minority in the Ottoman Empire, was endangered.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Centers, chapters and offices 2
  • Education 3
  • Youth and culture 4
  • Publications 5
  • Presidents 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Between 1906 and 1912, the AGBU provided the villagers of the Western Armenia with seeds, agricultural instruments, etc. It established schools and orphanages in Western Armenia, Cilicia and other Armenian-populated regions of the Ottoman Empire. In 1914, AGBU had 142 branches in Western Armenia, Cilicia, USA, Argentina, Europe and Africa with 8,533 members.

The First World War and the Armenian Genocide were turning points for both the Armenian nation and the AGBU. In 1914, Boghos Nubar left Egypt and moved to Paris. Despite the huge losses in different chapters of the union, the AGBU managed to render tangible help to the Genocide survivors. In October 1915, the Sisvan school with 1,222 students, later an orphanage and a camp for women refugees, was established by the AGBU in the desert near Port Said, Egypt. This camp is where survivors of Musa Dagh settled. In the years following the Genocide, the AGBU became mainly involved in taking care of orphans. After the war, the AGBU was reformed and founded new branches in Armenian-populated regions of the Near East, Greece, France and USA.

The AGBU's first European branch, founded in Manchester in 1909. From left to right: Sarkis Kuyumjian, S. Shnorhavorian, Mihran Manukian (president), M. Bakrjian, K. Funduklian, D. Iplikjian.

In 1921, the union’s headquarters was moved from Cairo to Paris. After World War I, the main goal of the AGBU was to preserve and promote Armenian language, identity and heritage through educational, cultural and humanitarian programs. In 1926, AGBU established the Melkonian Educational Institution in Nicosia, Cyprus, Nubarian foundation, which provided scholarships to Armenian youngsters to study in European universities, and the Marie Nubar Dormitory in Paris in 1930.

After the death of Boghos Nubar in 1930, oil magnate and prominent Armenian figure Galust Gyulbenkian took over the presidency of AGBU. After heading the union for two years, the son of the former, Zareh Bey Nubar, replaced him and headed the union until 1940.

During World War II, the AGBU headquarters was moved from Paris to New York as a result of Nazi occupation. In 1942, Arshak Karagyozian became the fourth president of the AGBU.

The AGBU's activities aimed at national preservation became more effective during the post-war period, especially in

Today, the AGBU has chapters in 80 cities in 22 countries around the world, with 22,000 members, 120 branches, 27 cultural centers spread worldwide in the USA, Europe, Near East, South America and Australia. The AGBU has 20 schools (6,600 students) and funds more than 16 educational establishments. The AGBU has two libraries, one in Paris and the other in New York City.

In 1989, Louise Manoogian Simone, the daughter of Alex Manoogian, became the president of the AGBU. It gave a new breath to the strengthening of ties between the Armenians of Armenia and Diaspora. In 1988, immediately following the Spitak earthquake, the AGBU organized the transportation of food, clothes, and medicine to the disaster zone. In 1990, the AGBU opened a representative office in Yerevan. Restarting its activities in Armenia after a 50-year interval, along with humanitarian assistance, the AGBU carries out projects aimed at and contributing to the development of the country.

In 1995, the AGBU founded the first Young Professionals (YP) Group in Los Angeles; today, there are 27 YP Groups and Partners worldwide. For more information, visit www.agbu.org/yp.

Since 2002 Berge Setrakian is the president of AGBU. Having been an active member of AGBU structures since his early youth, he continues this patriotic mission, which started a century ago.

Centers, chapters and offices

Education

AGBU operates 18 day schools and 15 Saturday (one-day) schools. Some of the important schools run by the AGBU include:

It awards scholarship grants and loans to more than 500 students worldwide; it supports the American University of Armenia and Yerevan State University.

The Union has funded a number of benevolent causes, including supporting the Lord Byron School, which was donated by the British government following the earthquake in Armenia in 1988. The school has continued to twin with the Holgate School in Nottingham.[2]

Youth and culture

Through its extensive global network of 75 chapters, young professionals groups, centers and offices, the organization sponsors numerous worthwhile cultural and humanitarian programs, including children's centers, soup kitchens, summer camps, athletics and

  • AGBU Antranig Danse Ensemble
  • AGBU Camp Nubar
  • US Nubar (camp)

Others:

  • AGBU Alex and Marie Manoogian School, Southfield, Michigan
  • Ecole Alex Manoogian, Montreal, Canada
  • Manoogian-Demirdjian School, Canoga Park, CA
  • AGBU Zarookian School, Scarborough, Toronto, Canada

AGBU schools:

  • USA
    • AGBU Chicago
    • AGBU Generation Next, Southern California
    • YP Chicago - AGBU Young Professionals of Chicago
  • South America
    • AGBU Argentina
    • AGBU Sao Paulo, Brazil
    • AGBU Uruguay
  • Middle East
    • AGBU-Egypt Official Site
    • AGBU Lebanon
    • AGBU YP Lebanon - AGBU Young Professionals of Lebanon
  • Europe
  • UGAB – AGBU Europe (France)
    • UGAB Europe in French
  • AGBU UK
  • Canada
    • AGBU Montreal
  • Armenia
    • AGBU Armenia

AGBU Regional:

  • AGBU Official Website
  • AGBU Blog
  • AGBU YouTube channel
  • AGBU YP Toronto

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e "About AGBU". Armenian General Benevolent Union. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  2. ^ [3]
  3. ^ "Scouts". AGBU. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "AGBU promotes the Armenian heritage around the world.". AGBU Press Office (Armenian General Benevolent Union). 2008-03-18. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  5. ^ [4]

References

Presidents

  • Ararat Quarterly (first published in 1959) A quarterly of literature, history, popular culture and the arts.
  • AGBU News (New York, NY, USA)
  • AGBU Voice (Bulgaria)
  • Arek Monthly (Cairo, Egypt)
  • Desilk (Scarborough, Canada)
  • Deghegadou (Cairo, Egypt)
  • Generation 3 (Argentina)
  • Hayatsk (Aleppo, Syria)
  • Hoosharar (New York, NY, USA)
  • Khosnag (Beirut, Lebanon)
  • Mioutune (Sydney, Australia)
  • Parekordzagani Tsayn (Sofia, Bulgaria)
  • Revue Arménienne des Questions Contemporaines (France)
  • UGAB-France (Paris, France)
  • Yeram (Damascus, Syria)
  • Generacion 3 (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
  • AGBU Scout "Սկաուտ" (Yerevan, Armenia)

With more than a dozen publications in six languages, AGBU has a rich publishing tradition[5]

Publications

[4]

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