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Aryan Nations

Aryan Nations is a Church of Jesus Christ–Christian. The Federal Bureau of Investigation has called Aryan Nations a "terrorist threat",[2] and the RAND Corporation has called it the "first truly nationwide terrorist network" in the US.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Shooting and lawsuit 1.1
    • Split and decline 1.2
  • Associates 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The origin of Aryan Nations is in the teachings of Wesley Swift, a significant figure in the early Christian Identity movement.[4] Swift combined British Israelism, extreme antisemitism and political militancy. He founded his own church in California in the mid-1940s, and he had a daily radio broadcast in California during the 1950s and 1960s. In 1957, the name of his church was changed to the Church of Jesus Christ-Christian, which is used today by Aryan Nations churches.[5]

From the 1970s until 2001, the Aryan Nations headquarters was in a 20-acre (8.1 ha) compound 1.8 miles north of

  • Official website
  • Poisoning the Web: Hatred Online—ADL article
  • Keenan vs Aryan Nations—summary of a lawsuit against the Aryan Nations for its violent activities.
  • SPLC Hate Group Map of the USA—includes Aryan Nations in "Neo-Nazi" category
  • FBI file on Aryan Nations

External links

  1. ^ a b "Supremacist suit might include punitive damages".  
  2. ^  
  3. ^  
  4. ^ a b "Intelligence Files - Groups - Aryan Nations".  
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Extremism in America: Aryan Nations/Church of Jesus Christ Christian".  
  6. ^ Hall, Dave; Tym Burkey, Katherine Ramsland (2008). Into the Devil's Den (1st ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-49694-9.
  7. ^ a b Wakin, Daniel J. (2004-09-09). "Richard G. Butler, 86, Dies; Founder of the Aryan Nations".  
  8. ^ "Harold Ray Redfeairn, Aryan Leader, Dies".  
  9. ^ "At Death's Door".  
  10. ^ "Attorney Morris Dees pioneer in using 'damage litigation' to fight hate groups".  
  11. ^ a b c d "Keenan v. Aryan Nations".  
  12. ^ "Aryan Nations — About Us". Aryan Nations. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-01-16. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  13. ^ "An unholy alliance: Aryan Nation leader reaches out to al Qaeda".  
  14. ^ "A Weakened Aryan Nations Spins Off Many Factions".  
  15. ^ "Will the Real Aryan Nations Please Stand Up?".  
  16. ^ "Aryan Nations Website". Aryannationsrevival.org. Archived from the original on 2011-03-12. Retrieved 2011-03-12. 
  17. ^ "From The Desk Of The AN Administration". Aryan Nations. 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  18. ^ McClary, Daryl C. (2006-12-06). "Robert Jay Mathews, founder of the white-supremacist group The Order, is killed during an FBI siege on Whidbey Island on December 8, 1984.".  
  19. ^ "L.A. shooting suspect surrenders in Las Vegas".  

References

See also

In 1983, Robert Jay Mathews, who had visited the Aryan Nations compound many times, formed The Order, along with Aryan Nations members Dan Bauer, Randy Duey, Denver Parmenter and Bruce Pierce.[18] The Order's mission was to bring about a race war, and they committed a number of violent crimes, including murder, between 1983 and 1984.[5] Dennis McGiffen, who also had ties to Aryan Nations, formed a cell called The New Order, based on Mathews' group.[5] The members were arrested before they could follow through with their violent plans. Buford O. Furrow, Jr., who was accused of a shooting at the Jewish Community Center in Los Angeles, California, and of the murder of Filipino American postal worker Joseph Ileto, had spent some time at the Aryan Nations compound working as a security guard.[19]

Associates

In early 2012, Kreis quit the Aryan Nations while in prison, passing leadership of the organization to Drew Bostwick.[17]

In 2009, Aryan Nations Revival which was based in Texas merged with Pastor Jerald O'Brien's Aryan Nations which was based in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, since both parties were ardent Christian Identity adherents.[4][14][15][16]

Aryan Nations Revival leaders were placed on the Congressional Record as domestic terrorists, and the Holy Order of the Brotherhood of the Phinehas Priesthood was determined to be the enforcement/terrorist wing of Aryan Nations. Aryan Nations Revival hosted a weekly radio broadcast titled The Aryan Nations Broadcast, which had more than 100,000 listeners. Airing from 1979 to 2009, the radio program was authorized by Richard Butler. The broadcast promptly ended when the host, Hal Turner, was arrested for threatening the lives of federal judges in the Chicago area. While incarcerated, Turner announced, through his attorney, that he was a federal informant, and that Aryan Nations was among those organizations which had been informed upon.

In 2005, the Holy Order of the Phineas Priesthood, formerly in association with the faction operated by Kreis, seceded and formed Aryan Nations Revival, based in New York, which was created in opposition to Kreis's acceptance of adherents of Wicca, Islam, and Odinism. The Holy Order viewed this as a deviation from the Christian Identity core belief of Aryan Nations, and this revival rapidly became the largest faction.

There are three main Aryan Nations factions. One is led by August Kreis III and Charles John Juba.[5] In 2002, Kreis' group was on a 10-acre (4.0 ha) compound in the rural town of Ulysses in Potter County, north central Pennsylvania, which was host to the 2002 Aryan Nations World Congress.[12] Juba resigned in March 2005, announcing Kreis as the group's new leader, with a headquarters in Lexington, South Carolina. In 2005, Kreis received media attention by seeking an Aryan Nations–al Qaeda alliance.[13]

Split and decline

In February 2001, the group's Hayden Lake compound and intellectual property, including the names "Aryan Nations" and "Church of Jesus Christ Christian", were transferred to the Keenans.[11] The Keenans sold the property to Greg Carr, a Southeastern Idaho philanthropist who donated the land to North Idaho College, which designated it as a peace park.[7][11] The watchtower was demolished, and the church and meeting hall were burned to the ground during a firefighting exercise, an instance where firefighters practice their firefighting skills.

In September 2000, the Southern Poverty Law Center won a $6.3 million judgment against Aryan Nations from an Idaho jury who awarded punitive and compensatory damages to plaintiffs Victoria Keenan and her son Jason. The two had been beaten with rifles by Aryan Nations security guards in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho in July, 1998.[10][11] The woman and her son were driving near the Aryan Nations compound when their car backfired, which the guards claimed to misinterpret as gunfire. The guards fired at the car, striking it several times, leading the car to crash, after which one of the Aryan Nations guards held the Keenans at gunpoint.[1][11] In the summer of 2004 the Aryan Nations moved to Sebring, Florida.

Shooting and lawsuit

At the time of Butler's death, Aryan Nations had about 200 members actively participating in the group. [5] and Butler died of heart failure in September 2004.[9][8] Redfeairn died in October 2003,[7] Butler's World Congress in 2002 drew fewer than 100 people, and when he ran for mayor, he lost, garnering only 50 votes against over 2,100 votes.[5] Until 1998, the leadership of Aryan Nations remained firmly in the hands of

[5]

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