World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Asahikawa

Article Id: WHEBN0006792302
Reproduction Date:

Title: Asahikawa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ramen, Hapkido, Soba, Suwon, Anzen Chitai, Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters, Hokkaido University of Education, Japan Airlines destinations, Sapporo Television Broadcasting, Kamikawa, Hokkaido
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Asahikawa

Asahikawa
旭川
Core city
旭川市

Flag
Hokkaido
Asahikawa
Asahikawa
Location in Japan

Coordinates: 43°46′N 142°22′E / 43.767°N 142.367°E / 43.767; 142.367Coordinates: 43°46′N 142°22′E / 43.767°N 142.367°E / 43.767; 142.367

Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido
Government
 • Mayor Masahito Nishikawa
Area
 • Total 747.6 km2 (288.6 sq mi)
Population (July 30, 2011)
 • Total 352,105
 • Density 470.98/km2 (1,219.8/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Japanese Rowan
- Flower Azalea
- Bird Bohemian Waxwing
- Others Insect: Kantan (Oecanthus longicauda)
Address 9-46 Rokujō-dōri, Asahikawa-shi, Hokkaido
070-8525
Phone number 0166-26-1111
Website

Asahikawa (旭川市 Asahikawa-shi?) is a city in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. It is the capital of the subprefecture and the second-largest city in Hokkaido, after Sapporo. It has been a core city since April 1, 2000. The city is currently well known for the Asahiyama Zoo and Asahikawa ramen.

In July 31, 2011, the city had an estimated population of 352,105, with 173,961 households and a population density of 470.96 persons per km² (1,219.8 persons per sq. mi.). The total area is 747.6 km2 (288.6 sq mi).

Name

The Ainu called the Asahi River Chiu Pet meaning "River of Waves", but it was misunderstood as Chup Pet meaning "Sun River", and so it came to be called Asahi River in Japanese (Asahi meaning "morning sun").

Overview

On August 1, 1922, Asahikawa was founded as Asahikawa City. As the central city in northern Hokkaido, Asahikawa has been influential in industry and commerce. There are about 130 rivers and streams including the Ishikari River and Chūbetsu River, and over 740 bridges in the city.[1] Asahibashi, a bridge over Ishikari River, has been one of the symbols of Asahikawa since its completion in 1932, and it was also registered as one of the Hokkaido Heritage sites on October 22, 2001.[2]



Asahikawa thrived as a military city before World War II, when the IJA 7th Division was posted there. Today, the second division of the northern army of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force is headquartered in Asahikawa.

Every winter, the Asahikawa Winter Festival is held on the bank of the Ishikari River, making use of Asahikawa's cold climate and snow. On January 25, 1902, a weather station recorded −41 °C (−41.8 °F), the lowest temperature in Japanese history.[3] Due to its climate and location surrounded by mountains, there are some ski resorts in the outskirts of the city.

Asahikawa is served by Asahikawa Airport which stretches over the outskirts of Asahikawa City and Higshikagura, Hokkaido. It is a second class airport, and also a single-runway regional airport. It serves domestic destinations including Tokyo, but some airlines offer destinations in South Korea. Municipal buses also serve the city.


History

  • 1890 Kamikawa District set up under Ishikari Province with the villages of Asahikawa, Nagayama and Kamui
  • 1900 Asahikawa Village becomes Asahikawa Town
  • 1914 Asahikawa Town becomes Asahikawa-ku
  • 1922 Asahikawa-ku becomes Asahikawa City
  • 1955 Kamui Village and Etanbetsu Village merge with Asahikawa
  • 1961 Nagayama Town merged
  • 1963 Higashi-Asahikawa Town merged
  • 1967 Asahiyama Zoo opened
  • 1968 Kagura Town merged
  • 1971 Higashi-Takasu Town merged
  • 1972 Japan's first permanent pedestrian mall Heiwadōri Shopping Park opened
  • April 1, 2000 Asahikawa becomes a Core city

Education

Colleges and universities

Specialties

  • Asahikawa Ramen
  • Asahikawa furniture
  • Confectionery
  • Sake (Otokoyama, Takasago, Taisetsunokura)
  • Cocktail
  • Taisetsu Microbrew Beer "Taisetsu ji-beer"
  • Asahikawa mutton barbecue "Genghis Khan"
  • Pottery / Wooden handiwork (Arashiyama area)

Sightseeing


  • Arashiyama Pottery village
  • Asahibashi Bridge
  • Asahikawa Furniture Center
  • Asahikawa Museum of Sculpture in Honor of Teijiro Nakahara
  • Asahikawa Winter Festival / Illuminations (February)
  • Asahikawa Youth Science Museum "Saiparu"
  • Asahiyama Zoo
  • Ayako Miura Memorial Literature Center
  • Hoppo Wild Flower Garden, famous for Erythronium japonicum (Dogtooth violet) that flower in May
  • Hokkaido Traditional Art Craft Village
  • Kita-no-Mori Ice Pavilion
  • Mount Tossho, also famous for Erythronium japonicum
  • Otokoyama Sake Brewing Museum
  • Romantic Road (tree tunnel and churches)
  • Ski Resorts (Kamui Ski Links, Santa Present Park, Pippu Ski Area, Canmore Ski Villiage etc.)
  • Sugai Amusement Factory
  • Yasushi Inoue Memorial Center

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification, Asahikawa features a humid continental climate (Dfb) with warm summers and very cold and snowy winters. Asahikawa winters are long and very cold, with average monthly temperatures from December through March failing to reach the freezing point. The city also sees an extraordinary amount of snowfall, averaging just under 7.6 m (25 ft) of snow, per year. Summers are generally warm and humid in Asahikawa, with average high temperatures in the warmest months hovering around 26 degrees Celsius. Spring and fall are generally short and transitional in the city.

Climate data for Asahikawa, Hokkaido (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
9.7
(49.5)
18.8
(65.8)
29.6
(85.3)
32.8
(91)
34.6
(94.3)
35.0
(95)
36.0
(96.8)
32.4
(90.3)
25.0
(77)
22.0
(71.6)
14.7
(58.5)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −4
(25)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.1
(35.8)
10.5
(50.9)
17.8
(64)
22.4
(72.3)
26.0
(78.8)
26.3
(79.3)
21.2
(70.2)
14.2
(57.6)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
11.6
(52.8)
Average low °C (°F) −12.6
(9.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
0.1
(32.2)
5.8
(42.4)
11.3
(52.3)
16.0
(60.8)
16.7
(62.1)
10.9
(51.6)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
1.9
(35.4)
Record low °C (°F) −41
(−42)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−19
(−2)
−7.1
(19.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.0
(33.8)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−8
(18)
−25
(−13)
−30
(−22)
−41
(−42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 74.1
(2.917)
51.5
(2.028)
54.1
(2.13)
55.8
(2.197)
65.4
(2.575)
63.8
(2.512)
98.9
(3.894)
137.5
(5.413)
135.8
(5.346)
117.6
(4.63)
120.8
(4.756)
98.9
(3.894)
1,074.2
(42.291)
Snowfall cm (inches) 174
(68.5)
131
(51.6)
116
(45.7)
28
(11)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(1.6)
114
(44.9)
191
(75.2)
756
(297.6)
Avg. snowy days 30.4 26.8 25.1 9.4 0.7 0 0 0 0 2.9 17.7 29.3 142.3
 % humidity 80 79 69 67 66 74 78 79 77 78 81 82 75.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 73.8 105.8 149.6 167.1 197.6 189.3 161.8 147.3 142.2 132.0 64.0 60.3 1,590.8
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[4]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency[5]

Sister and friendship cities

Sister cities

Friendship cities

Notable people

References

External links

  • Template:-inline
  • Asahikawa Travel Information in English
  • Official website (Japanese)
  • Taisetsu sightseeing navigation(Korean)
  • Asahikawa Winter Festival information in English
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.